posted by Aidan .
This lab is ruining me. isopentyl acetate is a blend of isopentanol, acetic acid, and sulfuric acid. How can products be determined from this information? ethyl acetate is ethyl alcohol, acetic acid and sulfuric acid. Octyl Acetate is n-octanol, concentrated acetic acid and sulfuric acid. I'm supposed to predict these ester's products.
Answered below but I can amplify.
Ethanol and acetic acid produces ethyl acetate while n-octanol plus acetic acid produces octyl acetate.
Here is the general formula.
RCOOH + HOR' ==> HOH + RCOOR'
The bold shows the OH and the H involved to produce water; the molecules hook there. The produces the R-C=O with the =OR' hooked to the C.
That produces the R-C=O with the O-R' hooked to the C.
This may help if I can get it to come out right.