German rules for JJ

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Many of your questions had to do with CASES; in German there are three genders (masculine, feminine and neutral) and the CASES for them are as follows:
MASCULINE:
nominative - DER Vater ist groß
the father is big
genitive - der Hut DES Vaters ist neu
the father's hat is new
accusative - ich spreche mit DEM Vater
I speak with the father
dative - ich sehe DEN Vater
I see the father

FEMININE:
nominative - DIE Mutter ist schön
the mother is beautiful
genitive - das Kleid DER Mutter ist rot
the mother's dress is red
accusative - ich spreche mit DER Mutter
I speak with the mother
dative - ich sehe DIE Mutter
I see the mother

NEUTRAL:
nominative - DAS Kind ist klein
the child is small
genitive - die Puppe DES Kindes ist neu
the child's doll is new
accusative - ich spiele mit DEM Kind
I play with the child
dative - ich sehe DAS Kind
I see the child

The PLURAL - is the same for all genders:

nominative - DIE Väter sind groß
DIE Mütter sind schön
DIE Kinder sind brav

genitive - die Hüte DER Väter
die Kleider DER Mütter
die Puppen DER Kinder

accusative- ich spreche mit DEN Vätern
ich spreche mit DEN Müttern
ich spreche mit DEN Kindern

dative - ich sehe DIE Väter
ich sehe DIE Mütter
ich sehe DIE Kinder

I hope that helps a bit.

  • German rules for JJ -

    CORRECTION:
    sorry, I mistakenly inverted the ACCUSATIVE and DATIVE cases on all the examples.
    ich sehe DEN Vater is the ACCUSATIVE
    ich spreche mit DEM Vater is the DATIVE

    ich spiele mit DEM Kind is the DATIVE
    ich sehe DAS Kind is the ACCUSATIVE

    ich spreche mit DER Mutter is the DATIVE
    ich sehe DIE Mutter is the ACCUSATIVE.

    Also, when German is taught by English speaking teachers, the cases are:
    nominative
    accusative
    dative
    genitive

    When taught by German speaking teachers they are:
    nominative
    genitive
    dative
    accusative

  • German rules for JJ -

    In addition to all the helpful information EG has given you, be sure to check out some of these. Many grammar websites for various languages are excellent. I've even found a couple of good ones for Latin!

    http://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHMI_enUS307US320&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8&q=german+grammar

  • german -

    these are SO helpful. thank you so much. i will definitely check out the website. thank you

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