Chemistry-Bonding

posted by .

Is a water molecule more attracted to another water molecule or to a sodium ion? Explain.


I would say that the water molecule is more attracted to a sodium ion since it is a dipole and and it would attract sodium's single electron in its valence shell. Is this right? Would this then create an ionic bond between the water molecule and the sodium ion? Thanks!

  • Chemistry-Bonding -

    Water molecules are attracted to each other to form hydrogen bonds. Sodium ion is attracted to water molecules to form an ion-dipole bond. In a solution of water and sodium ions, both occur. By the way, your explanation is flawed because sodium ION has no single electron in its valence shell. The sodium ATOM lost that electron when it became a sodium ION.

  • Chemistry-Bonding -

    Thank you, Dr. Bob! I am taking a basic Physical Science course in college online, and, while the text does an ok job of explaining things, it is terrible at connecting the concepts to the homework problems - and my teacher thinks that we should just "know it." :-/ I appreciate your explanations. It makes sense that both are appearing. I had forgotten that an ion meant that the sodium atom had lost its electron - this is all so new to me and I am trying to take it all in (this is only our second week with the chemistry part). I have been working on this homework since Wednesday, and have finally almost finished it, thanks to your help and the help of others online. Again, thanks! Mary

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. CHEM

    thank you VERY much for your replies, DrBob. Another question, however: How many moles of ions -both cations and anions- are present in solution when 0.75 mol of potassium chloride is dissolved in 0.25L of distilled water?
  2. Polarity and electronegativity (science)

    Describe the concept of polarity. How is polrity related to electronegativity?
  3. chemistry

    is carbon dioxide an example of ion-dipole force?
  4. science

    why are the hydrogen atoms in a water molecule are attracted to Cl− ions in sodium chloride (NaCl)?
  5. college Chemistry

    Decide if the molecule has a dipole moment, (if the molecule is polar) as follows: a) dipole (polar molecule) b) no dipole (non-polar molecule) c) ionic (not a molecule) d) super covalent e) none of the above 11.) CsF 12.) nitrogen …
  6. chemistry

    The sodium and hydroxide atoms separate into ions and the positive sodium ions are attracted to the oxygen atoms and the hydroxides are attracted to positive charged part of water, the hydrogen making another molecule.
  7. biology

    POLARITY COHESION SURFACE TENSION CAPILLARY ACTION UNIVERSAL SOLVENT ADHESION match definitions Because water molecules stick together, they form a thin film on the surface of pools of water, on which some organisms can walk Water …
  8. Chemistry

    How does table salt (NaCl) dissolve in water?
  9. chemistry

    How does table salt (NaCl) dissolve in water?
  10. Chemistry

    Explain why olive oil has a higher viscosity than water, by selecting an appropriate word from the provided list and filling in the following blanks. Oleic acid has a higher viscosity than water because it is a much________ molecule …

More Similar Questions