chemistry

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How would you find the empirical formula for this... a substance was found by analysis to contain 20% by mass calcium and 80% by mass bromine.


Would it be CaBr2?

This is what I did...

50g Ca * 20 mol Ca/801.56g Ca = .499 mol Ca

80g Br * 80 mol Br/6392.32g Br = 1.001 mol Br

1.001/.499 = 2 so CaBr2

  • chemistry -

    Yes, the answer is CaBr2 but I don't buy the way you obtained that formula. Did you just pull 50 g Ca and 80 g Br out of thin air? The proper way to work it is the way I showed you in your first post.

  • chemistry -

    First we find the moles of each assuming that mixture is having total mass of 100 grams. So mass of Ca = 20 g and Br =80

    Moles of Ca = 20 g/40.08 (g/mole)= 0.499 Mole

    Moles of Br = 80 g/ 1.001 moles

    So now we can find the molar ratio = 0.499/1.001 =1/2
    That means Ca1Br2 so the empirical formula would be CaBr2.
    This is absolutely right.

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