Chemistry - Urgent

posted by .

Determine the mass of 3.16 ×1023 atoms Cl.
Answer in units of g.

How do you do this? Need to get it done really fast. Thanks for help.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    1 mole of Cl has a mass of 35.5 approximately. Look it up to get the exact number. Then 1 mole of Cl atoms contains 6.02 x 10^23 atoms.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    Ok, I got that, but what do I do with the 3.16 ×10^23?

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    What do you think? If 35.5 g Cl atoms contain 6.02 x 10^23 atoms, what is the mass of 3.18 x 10^23 atoms?

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    Totally lost.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    If reasoning won't get it for you, set up a proportion.
    mass/mass = #atoms/#atoms.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    Is there anyway you could work this one out for me and explain what you did? I would probably learn a lot better than all of this reasoning and proportions. It's greatly appreciated.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    OK but you aren't learning anything by me doing your work for you.
    35.5 g Cl is the mass of 6.02 x 10^23 atoms. So 3.18 x 10^23 atoms will have a mass of ? grams.

    Method 1. dimensional analysis:

    3.18 x 10^23 atoms x (35.5 g/6.02 x 10^23 atoms) = 18.75 grams. Notice how the factor of (35.5 g/6.02 x 10^23 atoms) makes the unit come out right. You want grams. You have atoms. The unit atoms in the denominator of the fraction cancels with the unit atoms in the numerator and leaves the unit g alone. What we have done is convert atoms to grams. We canceled the unit we didn't want and kept the unit we wanted to keep. Technically, we should use two factors. One is that there are 6.02 x 10^23 atoms in a mole and 1 mole contains 35.5 g Cl.
    3.18 x 10^23 atoms x (1 mole/6.02 x 10^23 atoms) x (35.5 g/mole) = 18.75 grams. Again, note that the unit of atoms cancels and the unit of mole cancels to leave grams. I show this "technical" step because you COULD reverse the atoms and come up with the wrong answer.

    Method 2. ratio/proportion.
    There are two or three ways of setting this up. I'll show you a couple.
    mass/#atoms = mass/#atoms
    35.5 g/6.02 x10^23 atoms = y g/3.18 x 10^23 atoms. Solve for y.

    mass/mass = #atoms/#atoms
    35.5 g/y g = 6.02 x 10^23 atoms/3.18 x 10^23 atoms. Solve for y.

    You should get the same answer of 18.75 no matter which of the three you prefer. You should look up the atomic mass of Cl and use that instead of my 35.5 which I'm using from memory. Also, I've used 4 significant figures in the 18.75 and I'm not allowed but 3 so it should be rounded to 18.8 g if the 35.5 is ok.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    ahhh, I get it now. thanks a lot, I actually did learn how to do it now, believe it or not.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    Determine the mass of 6.44 ×1023 atoms Cl.

  • Chemistry - Urgent -

    Determine the mass of 3.18 ×1023 atoms Cl.

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. Chem Need Help

    I really need help with this question? You have a 12.01 g sample of carbon. The average mass of a carbon atoms is 1.994 x 1023 g. How many carbon atoms are in the sample?
  2. Chemistry

    What is the mass of 7.817 × 1023 atoms Ag?
  3. Chem 101. Science

    Rank the following samples in mass from least to greatest. a) 2 x 1023 S atoms b) 0.25 mol of Cu atoms c) 2 mol of N atoms d) 6 x 1023 Na atoms
  4. Check a chemistry answer

    So I think I have done this problem right, I was just wondering if anyone would check over it for me. What mass (in grams) of P2O5 contains 1.20 x 1023 atoms of phosphorus?
  5. chem

    Determine the mass of 7.79 ×1023 atoms Cl. Answer in units of g
  6. math

    What is one mole of H2O composed of? A. 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom B. 2 × (6.02 × 1023) hydrogen atoms and 6.02 ×1023 oxygen atoms C. 3 atoms of water and 2 oxygen molecules D. one half of a molecule of peroxide I say A
  7. chemistry

    How many atoms are in 3.14 mol of methane (CH4)?
  8. chemistry

    Determine the mass of copper that has the same number of atoms as there are in 15.46 mg of gold. Answer in units of mg.
  9. chemistry

    How many atoms of carbon are needed to produce 0.45 mol Al?
  10. chemistry help!!! please!!! DrBob222 I need you!!

    How many atoms of carbon are needed to produce 0.45 mol Al?

More Similar Questions