Algebra

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Today I did a practice SAT problem.

If the function ƒ is defined by ƒ(x) = 2x + 3, and if ƒ(a) = 11, what is the value of a?

A. 4
B. 7
C. 11
D. 17
E. 25

This is the correct answer and the explanation

Here's Why:

If the function ƒ is defined by ƒ(x) = 2x + 3, and ƒ(a) = 11, then ƒ(a) = 2a + 3 = 11. Therefore, a = 11-3/2=4.

I don't understand the rules for functions. Why do you divide 11-3 by 2? Is there a specific formula you follow for them? Thanks for your help!

  • Algebra -

    What they were doing is following the rules for 'solving equations'.

    the notation
    f(x) = 2x + 3 can be written also as
    y = 2x + 3, it says the same thing
    so when they say f(a) it means that whenever you saw an x has now been replaced by a,
    so the 2x + 3 becomes 2a + 3
    but you were told that this equals 11
    so all you are doing is solving
    2a + 3 = 11

    Now recall your elementary rules of equations, "whatever you do to one side you must do to the other side"
    so lets add -3 to both sides

    2a + 3 - 3 = 11 - 3 (I wanted to get rid of +3)
    2a = 8 ( I now want to get rid of the 2 in front of a)
    divide both sides by 2
    2a/2 = 8/2
    a = 4

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