# math probability

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this is a probability question...

Suppose you are asked to choose a whole number between 1 and 13 inclusive.
(a) what is the probability that it is odd?...7/13
(b) What is the probability that it is even?...6/13
(c) what is the probability that it is a multiple of 3?...4/13

(d) what i the probability that it is odd or a multiple of 3?.. This is where i am stumped. the book says the answer is 9/13 but i cant find it.

• math probability -

the first 3 are correct

for d)
the odds are 1,3,5,7,9,11,13
multiples of 3 are 3,6,9,12

now the numbers which are either odd OR a multiple of 3 are 1,3,5,6,7,9,11,12,13
or nine of them
so prob = 9/13

There is a formula which says
Prob(A or B) = Prob(A) + Prob(B) - Prob(A and B)
= 4 + 7 - 2 = 9

notice that the 3 and 9 are in both sets, so if we just add up the count, we counted them twice, so we have to subtract one of the counts.

• math probability -

P(b and 2)

• math probability -

help me is suck at math and probability is very hard

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