Chemistry

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A 2.00 ml sample of an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide, H2O2 (aq) is treated with an excess of Kl (aq). The liberated I2 requires 12.40 mL of 0.1025 M Na2S2O3, for its titration. Is the H2O2 up to the full strength (3% H2O2 by mass) as an antiseptic solution? Assume the density of the aqueous solution of H2O2 ( aq) is 1.00 g/ mL.


H2O2(aq) + H + I^-(aq) ---> H20(l)+I2 (not balanced)

S203^2- + I2 ----> S406 ^2- (aq) + I^- (aq) (not balanced)

  • Chemistry -

    The balanced chemical equations are:
    H2O2(aq) + 2H+(aq) + 2I-(aq) ---> 2H20(l) + I2

    2S2032- + I2 ---> S4062-(aq) + 2I-(aq)

    Moles of S2O3^2- = (0.01240L)(0.1025 mol/L) = 0.001271 S2O3^2-
    Since 1 mole of I2 reacts with 2 moles of S2O3^2-,
    (0.5)(0.001271mol S2O3^2-) = 0.0006355 moles I2
    - - - - - - - -
    1 mole of I2 is formed from 1 mole of H2O2
    0.0006355 moles I2 is formed from 0.0006355 moles H2O2
    (0.0006355 moles H2O2)(34g/mol) = 0.0216 g H2O2
    (2.00 ml)(1.00g/mL) = 2.00g H2O2
    - - - - - - - -
    Now you have all the information needed to calculate the % of H2O2

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