Grammar

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Rewrite the following sentences, focusing on the grammar area specified in the left column. If the sentence is already correct, write No Change.

Punctuation within Sentences—Colon:
Q: The book had some nice features, such as: a hard-bound cover, a ribbon for a bookmark, and the author’s signature.
A: The book had some nice features, such as a hardbound cover, a ribbon for a bookmark, and the author’s signature.

Q: German grammar is simple: in that language, there are no exceptions to the rules.
A: No change

Q: Her daughter went on a diet that consisted of all fast food: hamburgers, hot dogs, and french fries.
A: No change

Q: The little boy handed Santa a list that said he wanted: a truck, a train, and a million dollars.
A: The little boy handed Santa a list that said he wanted a truck, a train, and a million dollars.

Punctuation within Sentences—Dash:
Q: Her mind flew so quickly—she had so much to remember—that she forgot to stop at the light.
A: Her mind flew so quickly; she had so much to remember that she forgot to stop at the light.

Q: The gardener—took the hoe and the shovel—and began to plant the flowers.
A: The gardener took the hoe and the shovel then began to plant the flowers.

Punctuation within Sentences—Hyphen:
Q: You will need to write both short- and long-term goals.
A: You will need to write both short and long-term goals.

Q: The president-elect of the Rotary Club had the winning lottery ticket.
A: No change

Q: Please buy three half gallon containers of ice cream for the party.
A: Please buy three half-gallon containers of ice cream for the party.

Q: The ill defined terms somehow were not clear to her.
A: The ill-defined terms somehow were not clear to her.

Punctuation within Sentences—Parentheses:
Q: The police officer checked her rear-view mirror when she heard the screeching tires. (Someone had rear-ended her the night before).
A: No change

Q: You should be able to complete your program in two (2) years.
A: No change

Q: The textbook had recently been revised. (The last revision took place in 1992.)
A: The textbook had recently been revised (The last revision took place in 1992).

Punctuation within Sentences—Square Brackets:
Q: The politician argued [in quite a pompous way that the] state government had never been in better hands.
A: No change

Q: The sixth-grader had written in his essay that “his school experience had been deploreable [deplorable].”
A: The sixth-grader had written in his essay that “his school experience had been deplorable [deplore able].”

  • Grammar -

    Punctuation within Sentences—Colon:
    Q: The book had some nice features, such as: a hard-bound cover, a ribbon for a bookmark, and the author’s signature.
    A: The book had some nice features, such as a hardbound cover, a ribbon for a bookmark, and the author’s signature.
    correct

    Q: German grammar is simple: in that language, there are no exceptions to the rules.
    A: No change
    Since the words following the colon make up a complete sentence, the I on "in" needs to be capitalized.
    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/colon.htm

    Q: Her daughter went on a diet that consisted of all fast food: hamburgers, hot dogs, and french fries.
    A: No change
    correct

    Q: The little boy handed Santa a list that said he wanted: a truck, a train, and a million dollars.
    A: The little boy handed Santa a list that said he wanted a truck, a train, and a million dollars.
    correct

    Punctuation within Sentences—Dash:
    Q: Her mind flew so quickly—she had so much to remember—that she forgot to stop at the light.
    A: Her mind flew so quickly; she had so much to remember that she forgot to stop at the light.
    The original sentence is fine, and so is your rewritten sentence.

    Q: The gardener—took the hoe and the shovel—and began to plant the flowers.
    A: The gardener took the hoe and the shovel then began to plant the flowers.
    almost correct; you need a comma after "shovel."

    Punctuation within Sentences—Hyphen:
    Q: You will need to write both short- and long-term goals.
    A: You will need to write both short and long-term goals.
    No, the original is correct as long as there's a space after that first hyphen.

    Q: The president-elect of the Rotary Club had the winning lottery ticket.
    A: No change
    correct

    Q: Please buy three half gallon containers of ice cream for the party.
    A: Please buy three half-gallon containers of ice cream for the party.
    correct

    Q: The ill defined terms somehow were not clear to her.
    A: The ill-defined terms somehow were not clear to her.
    correct

    Punctuation within Sentences—Parentheses:
    Q: The police officer checked her rear-view mirror when she heard the screeching tires. (Someone had rear-ended her the night before).
    A: No change
    almost correct; the period at the end belongs INSIDE the parentheses since there's a complete sentence within the parentheses.

    Q: You should be able to complete your program in two (2) years.
    A: No change
    correct

    Q: The textbook had recently been revised. (The last revision took place in 1992.)
    A: The textbook had recently been revised (The last revision took place in 1992).
    incorrect; see comments above

    Punctuation within Sentences—Square Brackets:
    Q: The politician argued [in quite a pompous way that the] state government had never been in better hands.
    A: No change
    incorrect; the closing square bracket needs to be after "way" for the sentence to make sense.

    Q: The sixth-grader had written in his essay that “his school experience had been deploreable [deplorable].”
    A: The sixth-grader had written in his essay that “his school experience had been deplorable [deplore able].”
    incorrect; keep the original misspelling, but put sic in brackets immediately after that misspelling. Make sure sic is in italics within the brackets.
    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/bracket.htm

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