psychology

posted by .

what are the different area of school of thoughts?

  • psychology -

    Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. Your question is not totally clear, but try the following:

    1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_psychological_schools

    2. (part II of #1): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology

    3. http://en.allexperts.com/q/Psychology-2566/schools-thought.htm

    4. http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/hist_humanistic.htm

    5. (part II of #4): (early schools of thought): http://psychology.about.com/b/2008/02/23/early-schools-of-thought-in-psychology-structuralism-and-functionalism.htm

    6. (Resource Center): http://psychology.about.com/b/2008/02/23/early-schools-of-thought-in-psychology-structuralism-and-functionalism.htm

  • psychology -

    I don't know if this will simplify things, but here are my lecture notes for introductory psychology in this area.

    History of Psychology — Some students' minds switch to "off" when discussing history. To know me, need to know my past as well as present. Similar with psychology. Will summarize psychology's past with schools of psychology. (Don't memorize specific dates, but know sequence.)

    I. Structuralism — was started by Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 in Germany. His student, Edward B. Titchener, brought it to the United States. From the periodic table, hypothesized elements of thinking, feeling and sensation. To find these elements, used introspection, but only trained men to do this (explain). They defined psychology as the study of consciousness (explain).

    II. Functionalism was started by Wm. James, John Dewey, Roland Angell in about 1890. Dewey and Angell founded first animal lab. In contrast to structuralism, defined psychology as study of organism's adaptation to its environment. Now can use animals, kids, even women (relate to Charles Darwin's work with ape-human comparison). Although still used a little introspection emphasized use of naturalistic observation (girl's drill team, peeping tom examples).

    III. Behaviorism was founded by John Watson in United States about 1913. Against introspection (explain), Watson defined psychology as the study of measurable and observable data or behavior (S-->O-->R and candy machine examples). He emphasized environmental factors (explain). His student, B. F. Skinner, differed from Watson's view of "little black box." Skinner says can infer covert responses within an organism (slam clipboard example).

    IV. Gestalt was found by Max Wertheimer , Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Kšhler in Germany about 1912. Disagreed with geometric axiom, "whole equals sum of parts" (explain, square, building and rearranged body examples).

    V. Psychodynamic (Psychoanalytic) school founded by Sigmund Freud, who emphasized unconscious motivation (iceberg example) stemming from biological needs related to sex (explain by changing Gestalt from sex to food). Freud used dream analysis and couch (explain). He believed all behavior is determined by unconscious. WARNING! Do not become a "junior psychologist" (button and fingernails examples).

    VI. Humanism founded by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow in 1940s. It became "Third Force" after behaviorism and psychodynamic schools (explain). It emphasized free will in contrast determinism of other two forces (explain). It is similar to Gestalt in terms of considering the whole person (explain).

    VII. Eclecticism combines the best of various schools, including cognitive and biopsychological views (explain).

    I hope this helps a little more. Thanks for asking.

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. PSYCHOLOGY

    the study of similarities and differences in the behavior of different species called (biology, comparative psychology, environmental psychology, diffential psychology)
  2. Psychology

    Cognitive psychology can best be described as: A) The study of higher mental processes. B) The therapeutic application of critical thinking. C) The area of psychology which attempts to reduce judegmental thinking. D) A subspecialty …
  3. Middle childhood Psychology

    Is it important to start children in school according to the normal ages where they go through different mental stages?
  4. psychology

    . Which of the following is not an early school of psychology?
  5. Psychology

    1. cognitive psychology can best be described: a. the study of higher mental processes b. the therapeutic applications of critical thinking. c. the area of psychology which attempts to reduce judgmental thinking. d. a subspecialty …
  6. psychology

    Describe a hypothesis related to the area of psychology in which you are predicting an interaction. Describe the specific nature of the interaction (how different levels of each independent variable work together to produce different …
  7. psychology

    I am trying to find a good topic question and hypothesis for addiction. In my class we were asked to pick any topic related to psychology and find research to back it up. Addiction is a wide range of different behaviors and I can't …
  8. healthh

    Keep a five day Journal about noticing people around you of all ages at home, school, work, or in TV or movies as to body size and weight and what your inner thoughts and reaction to them are. Do you find yourself making judgments …
  9. Psychology

    A man feels anxious and a little sick to his stomach when he walked up to the front door of his old elementary school. School had been very hard for him and he remembers feeling “stupid” a lot of the time he was in school. What …
  10. English

    What is different in middle school compared with elementary school?

More Similar Questions