posted by Joe Smith Bob .
I'm confused on when to use a two capital letters, two lowercase letters or one of each. This is for traits. We just started it in Biology. It has something to do with heterozygous and homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive and so on.
For example Pp PP pp I don't know when to use which one.
reposted for not stating subject.
Capitals (upper case letters) are used to indicate dominant genes, while lower case letters are used for recessive genes.
PP = homozygous dominant
Pp = heterozygous, but dominant determines phenotype trait
pp = homozygous recessive
I hope this helps. Thanks for asking.