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What is the greatest common divisor of 54 and 144?

  • Math -

    54 = 9 x 6 = 2x3^3

    144 = 12x12 = 2^4x3^2

    gcd(54,144) = 2x3^2 = 18

    Another way to do the problem is as follows. You use the fact that

    gcd(x,y) = gcd(x, y - n x)

    where n is an arbitrary integer.

    gcd(54,144) = gcd(54, 144- 2x54) =

    gcd(36,54) = gcd(36, 54-36) =

    gcd(18,36) = gcd(18, 36 - 2x18) =

    gcd(18,0) = 18

    The advantage of the second method is that you don't need to factor the numbers into primes.

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