Math

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Is there a mathematical formula to calculate this easily?

1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5...50


I know it's not an arithmetic/geometric series because that means 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5...50

  • Math -

    There exists a method that allows you to compute this very accurately (and very easily). The formula in this case is:

    n! = n^n exp(-n) sqrt(2 pi n)
    exp[1/(12 n) - 1/(360 n^3)
    + 1/(1260 n^5) -1/(1680 n^7)+... ]


    Here n! = 1 x 2 x 3 x...x n


    So, let's test this formula for n = 50. The exact answer you get by multiplying all the factors is:

    50! = 3.04140932017..... x 10^(64)

    If you evaluate n^n exp(-n) sqrt(2 pi n)
    (this is known as Stirling's approximation) for n = 50 you get:

    3.03634459394...x 10^64.


    The asymptotic series in the exponential is:

    1/(12 n) - 1/(360 n^3)
    + 1/(1260 n^5) -1/(1680 n^7)+...

    for n = 50 this is
    1.66664444699...x10^(-3)

    The exponential of this number is
    1.00166803407...

    3.03634459394...x 10^64 times 1.00166803407... equals 50! to 12 significant figures!

  • Math -

    1x2=2x3=6x4=24x5=120

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