Calculus/College Algebra
posted by Amy .
I'm so lost. We're working on limits for this assignment and I get that, but my difficulty lies in breaking down the original problem.
The problem is:
Find the limit:
lim (x>5)
The numerator is (the square root of 9x) 2 and the denominator is x(the square root of x+20).
I know that I can't substitute 5 for x because it'll create 0/0, but other than making a table of values close to 5, I don't know what to do. My teacher says to rationalize the numerator and the denominator at the same time, but I have no clue as to what he's talking about.
Help?
Amy :)
You can manipulate the square roots, but this is not really one calculates such limits in practice. The practical way is to insert for x: 5 + epsilon and then expand in powers of epsilon.
In the case of a fraction, like this case, this reduces to L'Hopital's rule: Differentiate the numerator and denominator separately and then insert the limiting value.
If f(a) = g(a) = 0 then:
Lim x>a f(x)/g(x) =
Lim h>0 f(a+h)/g(a+h) =
Lim h>0 [f(a+h)  f(a)]/[g(a+h)g(a)]
Divide numerator and denominator by h inside the limit. The limit of a fraction is the ratio of the limits of the denominator and numerators separately, if that ratio exists.
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