Sunday

August 30, 2015
Number of results: 227,376

**Math**

What percent of students in the college are history majors (to the nearest tenth of a percent)? 200 students major in math 300 students major in history 400 major in english 150 major in science 175 major in other Total number of students divided by the number of math majors?
*October 21, 2009 by Kelly*

**math**

what percent of students have a major other than math, history, english or science. math=200 history=300 english = 400 science=150 other= 200
*March 30, 2011 by missy*

**Math**

I have a bar graph that shows the number of students by major in the College of Arts and Science. Math shows 200 students History shows 300 students English shows 400 students Science shows 150 students Other shows 175 students What percent of students in the college are ...
*March 6, 2010 by Carrie*

**math**

the bar and graph shows the number of students by major in the college of arts and sciences. What is the ratio of history majors to the total number of students in the college? Math-200 history-300 english-400 science-150 other- 175
*September 24, 2010 by m*

**math-Ms. Sue**

ms Sue I was not sure how to do a response to you but my prior question was the following and you had answered to take the total number of students and make this the denominator and the history majors the numerator which I did and makes this 300/1225 so then to get the ratio ...
*September 24, 2010 by m*

**math**

What is the ratio of English and Science majors to Math and History majors, when you know that there are 400 students majoring in English and 150 students majoring in Science and 200 students majoring in Math and 300 students majoring in History?
*January 10, 2010 by Rmz*

**Probability**

At a certain university, 30% of the students major in math. Of the students majoring in math, 60% are males. Of all the students at the university, 70% are males. a) What is the probability that a student selected at random in the university is male and majors in math? b) What...
*October 27, 2006 by Cari*

**law-major help?**

Hi, my friend and I both want to be lawyers. we finally talked after a long time of not seeing each other and we got on the topic of college. and majors. etc. i asked her what do u want to major in? she goes "history.. for LAw" i'm like you want to major in history law!? i was...
*November 5, 2008 by Clarissa*

**statistics**

In a class of 100 students, 30 are computer science majors, 49 are mechaincal engineering majors, 13 are civil engineers and the rest are general engineering majors. Assume students only have one major. If a student is chosen at random what is the probability they are: a civil...
*January 16, 2015 by Phil*

**math**

Seven students took a quiz. Four of these students received a score above 85 percent. Students who received at least an 85 percent got a sticker. What percent of the students (rounded to the nearest full percentage number) received a sticker? A. 59 percent B. 62 percent C. 57 ...
*December 10, 2012 by Buster*

**LNU**

math In a class of 50 students it was found 21 are taking English 14 are taking Math 28 are taking History 7 are taking Math and English 10 are taking Math and History 11 are taking History and English 3 are taking all three courses 1.)Make a Venn Diagram summarizing these ...
*July 13, 2015 by generose*

**Math - average grade**

Does anyone know how to calculate average point grade? I have the following data: grade D - 2 students - 4,9 percent grade C - 6 students - 14,7 percent grade B - 12 students - 29,2 percent grade A - 21 students - 51,2 percent What is the average grade? This is NOT my homework...
*February 17, 2010 by refy*

**Math-venn diag.**

97 students take history and 124 take english. there are 43 of these students who take both history and english. what is the toal number of students taking history, english or both classes?
*February 26, 2012 by susan *

**Math Statistical #2**

Research at the University of Toledo indicates that 50 percent of the students change their major area of study after their first year in a program. A random sample of 100 students in the College of Business revealed that 48 had changed their major area of study after their ...
*June 11, 2008 by Monique*

**Finite Math**

Fifty percent of students enrolled in calculus class have previously taken pre-calculus. Thirty percent of these students received an A for the calculus class, whereas twenty percent of the other students received an A for calculus. Find the probability that a student selected...
*June 10, 2015 by Nikole*

**math**

in a school of 100 students, 59 are taking math, 51 are in english, 35 are in history, 24 are in both math and english, 19 are in both english and history, 13 in both math and history, and 11 in all three courses. how many students are taking: a) none of the classes? b) only ...
*October 18, 2008 by elisa*

**math**

I just do not understand how to figure this out. Find the number of subsets of the given set. {math, English, history, science, art} Would I do something like this: 1. {} 2. Math 3. English 4. history 5. science 6. art 7. Math and English 8. math and history 9. math and ...
*April 14, 2010 by Bart*

**math**

A class of college freshmen is composed of 110 students. Among these students, 75 are taking English, 52 are taking history, 50 are taking math, 33 are taking English and history, 30 are taking English and Math, 22 are taking History and Math, and 13 are taking all three ...
*October 26, 2012 by vilma*

**math**

A class of college freshmen is composed of 110 students. Among these students, 75 are taking English, 52 are taking history, 50 are taking math, 33 are taking English and history, 30 are taking English and Math, 22 are taking History and Math, and 13 are taking all three ...
*October 26, 2012 by vilma*

**statistics**

What is the probability that a student in a college of 650 students in both a math major and a computer science major ( assuming these events are independent) If there are 72 math majors and 105 computer science majors?
*November 30, 2011 by Lisa*

**English**

Writeacher, I need your help to develop a few ideas. Thank you very much. 1) It would be really important if in the future a science teacher from your school could embark in a Comenius project (I don't know how to express it), which will enable him, on the one hand, to hold ...
*March 9, 2012 by Henry*

**Math Question Please Help**

Two more students like math than science Half the number of students who like science like history. The number of student who like reading equals the number who like math and science combined. Two students like History. How many children (12) like each subject
*May 7, 2014 by Kathy*

**MATH**

Seven students took a quiz. Four of these students received a score above 85 percent. Students who received at least an 85 percent got a sticker. What percent of the students (rounded to the nearest full percentage number) received a sticker?
*March 24, 2012 by Anonymous*

**math**

Seven students took a quiz. Four of these students received a score above 85 percent. Students who received at least an 85 percent got a sticker. What percent of the students (rounded to the nearest full percentage number) received a sticker?
*January 21, 2014 by kim*

**science**

I have a US History project that's due... I have to make a map of North America in 1756 with: -20 major European settlements -French, Spanish, English colonizations -Native American Tribes -20 major geographical features And, I'm in really big trouble. I've never been great in...
*September 4, 2006 by Jordan*

**Math**

Ms. Hendricks asked her students how they get to school each day. She collected their answers and determined the following results. • Half of her students take the bus. • 1 5 of her students walk. • The rest of her students ride with their parents. a. What percent of the ...
*May 5, 2011 by Frances*

**English**

Revise the folloing sentences to create parallel constructions. (Question) Some students hate math; some students dislike math, and math is liked by other students. (my answer) Some students hate math, some dislike math, and some like math. every way I have tried it just doesn...
*June 30, 2010 by Rita*

**UNM**

Suppose that the average weight of students in a statistics class is 75.5 kilograms with a standard deviation of 10.3 kilograms. A. 45% of the student weights are above ____ kilograms? B. What percent of students have weights greater than 80.1 kilograms? C. What percent of ...
*February 10, 2014 by Anonymous*

**math**

need to make a venn diagram using 3 circles. A survey on subject being taken by 250 students at a certain college revealed the following info: 1. 90 were taking math 2. 145 were taking history 3. 88 were taking english 4. 25 were taking math and history 5. 38 were taking ...
*August 6, 2012 by kyle*

**English**

I realized I sent you the wrong sentences. Can you please have a look at them? 1) Our history teacher has included a new email address to be used only by the students participating in the project:...... All the post your 17 students have sent so far has been transferred to the...
*March 29, 2012 by Matthew*

**statistics**

There are 44 mathematics major and 163 computer science majors at the college. How many ways are there to pick 2 representatives, so that one is a mathematics major and the other is a computer science major?
*October 19, 2011 by tj*

**English**

Could you please check if everything is correct? Thank you. 1) Thank you very much for having your students send email to their Italian partners. 2) Tomorrow I will distribute the emails to my students so that they can start the partnership. 3) Four more students would like to...
*March 22, 2012 by Matthew*

**English**

I left out a few other things I would like to include in an email. Thank you very much. 1) Unfortunately, we have just sent in our Comenius proposal for a science project on biodiversity in water with a German and a French school. 2) However,being an English teacher myself, I ...
*March 5, 2012 by Henry*

**social studies**

what are the qualities of a good socialstudies? HOW ARE The textbook used by the teacher? Opinions vary. And it depends on the course, and the age of the students, and the IQ level of the students (AP, regular, or less). My own use of texts has a history tending to not use the...
*December 4, 2006 by daniel*

**History HECK. X_X**

My evil history teacher assigned us a project (that is a major grade) where we have to find 20 causes of the American Revolution. They must begin with the French and Indian War and end with Lexington and Concord, and I only have 13. Help? =) If you post the 13 causes you have ...
*October 24, 2006 by Anonymous*

**MATH-PERCENTILES**

I JUST TOOK A TEAS TEST(FOR PRACTICAL NURSING ADMISSIONS). THE REQUIREMENTS MUST BE A GRADE IN AT LEAST THE 40TH PERCENTILE IN EACH SUBJECT. THERE WAS A MATH, READING,ENGLISH, AND SCIENCE SECTION. TOTAL OF QUESTIONS WERE 170.MATH-45? READING-40? ENGLISH-55 ? SCIENCE-30 ? I WAS...
*February 9, 2008 by TORI*

**English**

Writeacher, I'd like you to revise these sentences, please. Thank you. 1) Our history teacher has included a new email address for the students participating in the project:...... All the post your 17 students have sent so far has been transferred to the new email address. 2) ...
*March 29, 2012 by Matthew*

**Math**

There are 24 students in Mrs.Smith's 1st block class. 1/4 of the class passed the math test with an A. 12 students in the class passed the math test with a B. What percent of the students in the class passed the test? ****** This is how I slove the problem, but I stuck in the ...
*March 1, 2012 by Grace*

**Math**

Ms. Tenley's class has 25 students. Two of the students have visited no other countries other than the United States. Five of the students have visited at least 1 other country. Ten students have visited 2, four students have visited 3, 3 students have visited 4, and 1 student...
*December 15, 2012 by Shiny*

**math***CHECK ANSWER*****

please check this one answer. 3.everyone in andy's class has to do a science project. Out of the 20 students,80% have completed their project.how many students still need to finish their projects? A.100 students B. 36 students C. 16 students D. 4 students (I PICK THIS)
*February 6, 2014 by mose*

**statistics**

in a class of 100,84% of student have taken politics and 16% of the students have taken history. how many students have taken both subject of all the students take at least one these students?
*June 11, 2014 by satyam*

**English**

I urgently need you to revise this email. Thank you very much in advance. 1) My science colleague is willing to work on a project in English concerning ecology with some of her students in the years 10-11. 2) Though we haven't got a bilingual branch at the moment, she has ...
*November 16, 2011 by Henry2*

**English**

I need the help of your science experts to find a topic for a common science project to be carried out in English among three different schools. My question to you and your science experts is number 5. We need to find a project students can work on for two years and that is ...
*December 20, 2011 by Henry2*

**English**

I urgently need you to check these sentences. 1) Our German partner wrote that students can communicate in one of the European languages of their partners. I'm really disappointed by his words and I need to reply to this. 2) Among the linguistic objectives you included: - ...
*February 7, 2012 by Henry2*

**algebra**

From 2009 to 2014 the percent of students placing into Math 101 has increased from 13% to 25%. Meanwhile, the percent of students placing into Math 222 has dropped from 25% to 7% If both placements change at a linear rate, what will the percentage be when the percent of people...
*June 26, 2015 by megan*

**ashford**

Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students ...
*November 4, 2013 by john*

**Logic**

Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students ...
*August 12, 2012 by Tammy*

**Logic Research**

Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in th morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students ...
*September 25, 2011 by Dusty*

**basic statistics for the behavioral sciences**

there are 80 students enrolled in statistics. (a)you and 11 other earned the same score. what percent of the class received your score? (b)forty percent of the class received a grade of C. how many students received a C? (c) only 7.5% of the class received a D. how many ...
*August 27, 2011 by jan*

**,math**

Find the number of subsets of the given set. {math, English, history, science, art} Is this correct: 1. {} 2. {math} 3. {English} 4. {history} 5. {science} 6. {art} 7. {m, E} 8. {m,h} 9. {m, s} 10. {m, a} 11. {e, h} 12. {e, s} 13. {e, a} 14. {h, s) 15. {h, a} 16. {s, a} 17. {m...
*April 15, 2010 by bwb*

**math**

Find the number of subsets of the given set. {math, English, history, science, art} Is this correct: 1. {} 2. {math} 3. {English} 4. {history} 5. {science} 6. {art} 7. {m, E} 8. {m,h} 9. {m, s} 10. {m, a} 11. {e, h} 12. {e, s} 13. {e, a} 14. {h, s) 15. {h, a} 16. {s, a} 17. {m...
*April 15, 2010 by bwb*

**teachers aide curriculum comtent**

when are children first developmentally ready to begin learning science? (a)kindergarten (my answer) (b)fifth grade (c)junior high (d)high school according to recent science curriculum guidelines what percent of class time should students spend in hands on learning experiences...
*August 27, 2011 by susue*

**math**

Mike took four tests: English, Math, Science and History. He scored a 74 in English and an 84 in History. The average of the four tests was 72. Math had a better score than Science by 6 points. What was his Science score?
*April 25, 2010 by joey*

**English**

What is the regular verb or verb phrase in these sentences. Most other children received lessons from home. Today, students usually attend formal schools. In ancient Greece, Socrates worked with small groups of students. These advances are creating new opportunities for ...
*April 20, 2012 by KATHY☺☻*

**math**

A bond has an average return of 6.8 percent and a standard deviation of 4.6 percent. What range of returns would you expect to see 68 percent of the time? a. 2.2 percent to 11.4 percent b. 4.6 percent to 11.4 percent c. 4.6 percent to 22.8 percent d. 11.4 percent to 22.8 ...
*May 7, 2009 by Emi*

**math**

If there are 300 students majoring in History and 150 majoring in English what is the percentage of that? How do you turn students to percents?
*January 10, 2010 by Rmz*

**Math Essay**

I have to write this paper over the history of math, can you please give me some other websites that I can use? So far I have one website from wikipedia. Also, can you please read my introduction? As of today, there are plenty of new developments in the area of Mathematics. ...
*November 9, 2007 by Soly*

**COMM/215**

I would like to know if i have used properly structured sentences for the following: 49. To succeed in the new economy, workers will have to learn throughout their careers adapt to changing circumstances, and self-motivate when needed. 50. Some students hate math; some ...
*January 31, 2015 by Frank*

**statistics**

Suppose that, for students who are enrolled in college algebra, 73 percent are freshmen, 48 percent are female, and 31 percent are female and are freshmen. Your answers below should be entered as decimals and rounded to three decimal places. Two students will be independently ...
*March 19, 2012 by Julie*

**english**

Hi, i have to write a research paper on a topic related to may major, education (birth through five), can someone give me a good topic to write about? I'm new to this major so I don't have any ideas on what the the major topics are in this field, please help me out!
*April 5, 2011 by yfaridi1*

**MATH**

At McLeod University, thirty percent of the students are in Engineering. Forty percent of Engineering students study Probabilistic Systems, and sixty percent of the students studying Probabilistic Systems are in Engineering. What percentage of students at McLeod are either in ...
*October 6, 2011 by Sarah*

**statistics**

In a class of 100 ,84% of the students have taken politics &16% of student have taken history.how many students have taken both subject of all the students take at least one of these subjects?
*June 3, 2014 by roma*

**English**

1. There are a house , trees and a shining sun in the first picture. 2. There is an English textbook in Picture 2. Do you like English. English is fun, isn't it? 3. There are two boys. What are they doing? They are playing with a ball in the sea. 4. A math textbook is in the ...
*June 17, 2015 by rfvv*

**Math**

There are 1,800 students at a high school. Of the students who have smoked at least one cigarette in the last month, five-eighteenths are twelfth graders. Thirty-five percent of the remaining students are eleventh graders, and the rest are in the ninth and tenth grades. If ...
*December 18, 2012 by Chris *

**Math - Need help please**

There are 1,800 students at a high school. Of the students who have smoked at least one cigarette in the last month, five-eighteenths are twelfth graders. Thirty-five percent of the remaining students are eleventh graders, and the rest are in the ninth and tenth grades. If ...
*December 18, 2012 by Chris *

**English**

I urgently need your help to translate this school profile into English. Thank you. I included another sentence, too. 1) Students aged between sixteen and eighteen can opt for the bilingual branch (??) and study subject like Geographie/Earth Science, biology and history in ...
*October 20, 2011 by Henry2*

**math**

If 24 students in a class of 30 students were present what percent of the students were absent
*May 13, 2015 by keona*

**math**

In a group of 105 students, 70 students passed Mathematics, 60 students passed History and 45 students passed Geography; 30 students passed Mathematics and History, 35 students passed History and Geography, 25 passed Mathematics and Geography, and 15 passed all three subjects...
*January 23, 2014 by Lucas*

**Math**

In a group of 105 students, 70 students passed Mathematics, 60 students passed History and 45 students passed Geography; 30 students passed Mathematics and History, 35 students passed History and Geography, 25 passed Mathematics and Geography, and 15 passed all three subjects...
*January 24, 2014 by Lucas*

**History**

Ms. Sue. Do you have the answers for English 3 and 4 for Ashworth High School? I have completed all the other classes by myself. But if I don't finish English 3 and 4 by next week, I'll have to repay my tuition. Please help me!
*November 29, 2012 by Bob*

**English**

Writeacher, could you please check the very last things. It's really late here and I need to go to bed. Thank you. 1) Unfortunately, we have just sent in our Comenius proposal for a science project on biodiversity in water with both a German and a French school. 2) However, ...
*March 5, 2012 by Henry*

**Math**

Everyone in Andy’s class has to do a science project. Out of the 20 students, 80% have completed their project. How many students still need to finish their projects (got 4 students)
*February 14, 2014 by Angel *

**7th grade math Ms. Sue please**

1. Write the fraction eight-ninths as a percent. Round to the nearest hundredth of a percent where necessary. (1 point) 88.89% 1.13% 44.44% 66.67% 2. Write the decimal 0.041 as a percent. (1 point) 41% 4.1% 410% 0.41% 3. A study in your town found that 54 in 1,762 people have ...
*December 5, 2012 by Delilah*

**St.Peter's Boys Senior High School**

In a class of 500 students,60 study geography,40 study English,30 study geography and history,25 study English and history,if 10 study all the three subjects,find using venn diagram the number of students who study none of the three subjects.
*August 24, 2015 by Prince*

**English**

I forgot to include these other questions. I'm going to arrange them according to their topic (school, sports activities, travelling (?), clothes (?), student exchange programm, family, food). Do you think the topics are all right? 1) Do you have a report card on which your ...
*March 14, 2011 by Mike*

**math**

2)For 2000 patients, a blood-clotting time was normally distributed with a mean of 8 seconds and a standard deviation of 3 seconds. What percent had blood-clotting times between 5 and 11 seconds? A)68% B)34% C)49/5% D)47/5% I chose A 4)A music teacher wants to determine the ...
*February 9, 2008 by Jon*

**English**

Writecher, I need your help to revise this. Thank you. 1) I really hope that you read my presentation of your school and that you liked it. As a matter of fact, I've just emailed it to our history teacher, who is going to set up a link to your school tomorrow. 2) Do you think ...
*March 26, 2012 by Matthew*

**math **

three out of 20 students have been to the zoo. what percent of students have been to the zoo? i put 6%. is that right?
*January 26, 2011 by kamal*

**math**

Average truancy per student is 8 days per semester with a standard deviation 2.2 and a population of 250 students. a. What percent of the population is truant more than 9 days? b. What percent of the population is truant less than 3 days? c. What percent of the population is ...
*September 26, 2010 by lashara *

**Math**

7. Add 7 1/2+3/4= 1 1/4 8. Divide 3/4 / 2/3= 1 1/8 9. Sam has 4 projects due next Friday. he has completed 1/2 of his English project, 0.25 of his History project, 1/8 of his Science project, and 75% of his Math project. Write the list of these 4 projects in order from the one...
*November 2, 2013 by Jerald*

**English**

I urgenlty need you to check these sentences, too. I need to be extremely convincing but also determined. 1) We also agreed to use English as lingua franca during the preliminary meeting we held at our school with our school principals. 2) On that occasion we established that ...
*February 7, 2012 by Henry2*

**math**

can someone check my answer thank you The following pie chart represents the eye color of students in a certain class.the chart say that 50% of students have brown eyes 17% is other and 33% is blue. If there were 66 students in the class, how many students had brown eyes? 31 ...
*January 12, 2008 by Anonymous*

**English**

2. Analysis a. The students are not much interested in English class . About 68% of the students responded "They are a little bored or bored." On the other hand, about 9% of the students are interested in the English class. The teacher should try hard to make many students be ...
*June 9, 2008 by John*

**English**

I made a last change since our students study only Eglish as a foreign language Impact on pupils: - considerably increasing the students' ability to use English and motivating them to learn other foreign languages .....
*February 9, 2012 by Henry2*

**statistics**

Lilly collects data on a sample of 40 high school students to evaluate whether the proportion of female high school students who take advanced math courses in high school varies depending upon whether they have been raised primarily by their father or by both their mother and ...
*September 21, 2012 by Anonymous*

**statistics**

Lilly collects data on a sample of 40 high school students to evaluate whether the proportion of female high school students who take advanced math courses in high school varies depending upon whether they have been raised primarily by their father or by both their mother and ...
*September 21, 2012 by LWatson*

**English**

Thank you, Writeacher. A few more things. I hope you can have a look at them. Can I start my interview by asking: 1) Tell me a little bit about yourself: Are you married? Do you have any children? If yes, how many? 2) Mr. Gradgrind makes an overall impression of a threatening...
*March 28, 2012 by Matthew*

**english**

This is what I came up with as an introduction to my essay titled "dress codes in schools". could you please restructure it or tell me how to make it flow? Thanks Tuesday, April 20, 1999 the state of Colorado woke up to one of the largest, most violent mass-slaying of students...
*June 10, 2008 by Mel*

**English**

1. I have to do scince and math homework tonight. 2. I have to do my science and math homework. ------------ Are both grammatical? Which one is commonly used? Do you have other way of expressing?
*November 29, 2014 by rfvv*

**history**

Compare England in the 17th century with other absolutist regimes on the continent of Europe. How did the English situation differ from that of absolutist states? What was the major reason for England’s exceptional situation?
*June 23, 2010 by alice*

**english**

what's the difference between a major character and a minor? Is a minor like every other character besides the major characters?
*October 30, 2011 by laura*

**math**

A high school guidance counselor conducts a survey to find the student's first choice for a college major and found that 65% of students choose math. If three students are chosen at a random, what is the probability that at least one of them would choose math?
*May 28, 2013 by khushboo*

**math fraction**

10 out of 36 students love math, 13 love science and the rest love english. write down the fraction of students who love science.
*March 29, 2012 by susy*

**English**

Thank you Ms. Sue for your invauable help! Here is the second part of the letter I need to hand in by tomorrow. As writeacher is not there, could you please help me check it? Many thanks in advance. This two-year project will be mainly about a comparative study on biodiversity...
*January 15, 2012 by Henry2*

**percents**

how do you find the percent of how many students in the class for example there are 2000 students in a class and 20 percent of them speak french...how do i solve this problem?
*February 9, 2009 by joelyz*

**English**

This is the second part of the letter I need to prepare. I really need your help to improve the word choice. Thank you very much in advance. 1) This two-year project will be mainly about a comparative study on biodiversity in water and other waterways in our local areas and ...
*January 15, 2012 by Henry2*

**Math**

97 students take history and 124 take English. re of the students take both. What is the total # taking both classes.
*February 26, 2012 by Susan*

**math **

there are 9 students who wear glassses. of the students who waer glassesor contact lenses,what percent are glasses
*December 30, 2010 by dian charles*

**stats**

2. A standardized exam was provided to all 3rd graders in Arizona schools. The average score was 75 with a standard deviation of 10. Assuming that the scores were normally distributed, answer the following questions. (a) What z-score corresponds with a score of 75? (b) What z-...
*July 26, 2012 by taylor quenzler*

**Math**

Students at ACC must earn 90 credits to obtain an Associate’s degree. Three students find that they all have a GPA of 3.3 even though they do not have the same number of credits. The students hope to increase their GPAs to a 3.8 by the time they have earned 90 credits. One ...
*June 1, 2009 by JT*