Tuesday

September 27, 2016
Number of results: 33,261

**SCIENCE!!--ANONYMOUS PLEASE ANSWER MY QUESTION!**

plz answer the question we were talking about plz plz. Go back to the problem. I got 184 but the worksheet answer says 136 which is correct?? plz help!! thx

*September 13, 2010 by Happy Face*

**Question (plz read!)**

What is Equine Science????

*April 20, 2012 by Laruen *

**Maths plz help**

A test contain of 12 question out of which candidate are to answer 10.if the first 6 question are compulsory,in how many ways can each candidate select her question????? Plz show working

*October 20, 2015 by Franklin:*

**Lanuage Arts **

Question For the last question of Lesson 6: Third Read: The Phantom Tollbooth, Act I Connections Education Language Arts 6 B Unit 3: Adventures and Imagination I do not understand which book to use for the answer. Plz can you help me I have tempory zero :/

*May 23, 2015 by Stephanie*

**QUESTION (PLZ READ) **

I saw this site Alliance for Young Artist and Writers. Do most schools in the use tell their students about this?????

*November 26, 2011 by Laruen *

**SraJMcGin plz read**

Please read where I wrote the paragraph. Thanks so much!

*November 21, 2009 by Jasmine*

**calculus-integration**

integrate -2/xln^4(x)...plz help me..give me an idea on how to start..plz The derivative of the ln(x) function is 1/x and this is multiplying the ln^4(x). You can thus write the integral as: -2 * 1/5 ln^5(x) + constant. is that the answer? wut about the x infront of ln^(x)......

*May 7, 2007 by Maria*

**Calculus i need help plz plz**

If y=ws^3/d^4 find the % increase in 'y' when 'w' increases by 2% and 's' decreases by 3% and 'd' increasee by 1%...... There a little error in the first question i post here it is plz i need the working and explanation

*October 18, 2015 by Collins*

**LIVING ENVIRONMENT**

the ability to grow in size is a characteristic of living organism .Although an icicle may grow in size over time,it is considered nonliving because there is 1)an incerase in matter ,but no increase in the number of icicle. 2)an interaction between the icicle and the ...

*February 12, 2013 by tania sharmin*

**Question (plz read)**

When writing something for the school's newspaper (high school) can you write funny stories that can get the reader's attention??? Just curious...

*December 26, 2012 by Laruen *

**math **

identify the value of x that makes each pair of the ratios equivalent x:4 and 45:20 A.8 B.9 C.10 plz plz plz plz help me!!!!!!!! PLZ!!!!!

*November 2, 2015 by pankakes*

**Question (plz read) **

how many copies of a book is being sold on harpercollins & Random House since they're one of the world's must biggest publishers I'm curious I know the average of publishing is 500-1000

*July 25, 2012 by Laruen *

**Physics plz **

Do any teacher here have an email plz becouse I want to send some pictures for question ,,, physics plz or how can I attach picture here ????

*June 12, 2013 by Maryam*

**computer**

Hi my question is that that i`ve downloaded mozilla now my question is that by mistake i pressed a button and screen became too small of that site now how shall i make it back to normal as large as it was??? plz i need help coz i have to study so plz help me.

*June 30, 2009 by Bilish1*

**Test taking Stratagies (2 questions) help me plz**

1.)Which of the following is a good way to approach answering an essay question on a test? A.)Start writing your answer as soon as you have read the question B.)Jot down a rough outline before you start writing**** C.)Write as much as you possibly can about the topic D.)Do not...

*January 20, 2016 by Aaliyah*

**I NEED HELP!!:(!!!! HELP ME PLZ!!**

I GOT A FEW QUESTIONS SO what is a cell part that has the funcion of a gel-like material inside cells... and what releases energy into the cell.?? plz plz plz plz HELP!!!

*October 20, 2009 by i really need help!!*

**math plz plz plz plz help plz .....thank you**

mark bought a notebook for $1.45 and some pencils that cost $0.42 each if the total cost was 6.91,how many pencils did he buy A.12 B.13 C.14 D.15 is 14 the answer plz help thank you

*November 23, 2015 by random rainbow*

**Tips Plz**

Can you plz tell me some studying tips for math. How can i study math? is not like the other subject that i can just read through and memorize it. Math is hard to study because i know know how to study math when i have a upcoming test. Plz give me tips on how to study math and...

*December 16, 2014 by Laura ♥*

**Physics **

Plz plz answer this question..... "what is ment by the energy-mass relationship?explain it with the help of examples.....

*January 20, 2016 by Ali*

**US HISTORY PLZ ANSWER MY QUESTION**

name 1 person that was influential to delaware when it was first founded. plz n thnx!

*September 20, 2009 by kayla*

**physics(URGENT!!!!!)**

EDXers!!! Plz help with MITx 8.01x I don't know how to solve HW8 Problem 3 Question c) Can anybody help me???? Explain Plz

*November 20, 2013 by Anonimus*

**gatsby ENGLISH HELP PLZZ!!**

what role does dan cody play in gatsby's development?? plz help the answer is 1 mark for my quiz but my teacher gave me only 1/2 a mark because i wrote "dan cody was the man who gatsby was with after he left home. gatsby worked for dan cody and that is where he made his wealth...

*November 3, 2010 by Sabrina*

**Math 1 question plz help asap**

Write an equivalent time using only the smallest unit. 3hrs 14 min A. 74 min B. 166 min C. 180 min D. 194 min I would give u an answer but I don't understand what the question means im asking if you could help me plz

*November 17, 2015 by #AriannaGirl :)*

**physics **

Plz plz answer this question..... I need this immediate.... "what is ment by the energy-mass relationship?explain it with the help of examples.....

*January 20, 2016 by Akbar*

**social studies? i think idk**

what new ideas came from the automobile? plz help plz plz plz ASAP

*December 5, 2015 by Geena*

**SS plz help me plzzzzzzz**

What are the two major forces that reshape earth? Describe how itworks. plz plz plz help me there are no answer choices hope u can still help

*November 18, 2015 by #AriannaGirl :)*

**Math ....urgent help**

i just dont get this elimination method ..... plz help me plz.....teach me how to keep the x and y in a parallel line. and which number to multiply.....plz help -5x-4y=-11 10x=-6-y help me plz......

*January 7, 2009 by vero*

**SS PLZ HELP ME ASAP**

What are the two major forces that shape and reshape earth? Describe how each one works. plz plz plz help me there are no answer choices hope u can still help

*November 18, 2015 by #AriannaGirl :)*

**biology**

a boy inherits genes for tallness,but his growth is limited as a result of poor nitrition. this is an example of 1)an inherited disorder. 2)environmental influence on gene expression . 3)expression of a hidden trait 4)a characterstic controlled by more than one pair of genes. ...

*February 8, 2013 by tania sharmin*

**Science 7R - HW Qs. Check (PLZ read!)**

What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic organisms? My Answer: Aerobic requires oxygen, anaerobic doesn't. Is my answer to this question is correct. Please reply this post! Thank You!

*February 2, 2012 by Laruen *

**Biology question plz**

Which of the following depends on bacteria? conversion of dead organic matter to fossil fuel photosynthesis dissolution nitrogen fixation I think its A but I feel it could also be D, could you plz help?

*September 26, 2014 by Niki*

**plz help english**

my question is:- Complete the sentence below by interrupting it with two parallel if clauses: The problem of race relations, if………., and if………. must be solved. question is i wrote:- the problem of race relation, if it goes on increasing, and if it causes a major problem, must ...

*October 12, 2008 by Anonymous*

**social studies**

DO SOME RESEARCH ON JAMES 1. WRITE A CHARACTER SKECTH OF JAMES. WHAT DIRECTIONS WOULD YOU GIVE TO AN ACTOR ASKED TO PORTRAY JAME 1 IN A FILM? plz help me. i totally dont get this question. im failing social. the only thing i know is that, james was an intelligent man, but then...

*November 1, 2009 by charmy*

**Ela**

How could I put all these words: 1. Submit 2. Omit 3. Missionary 4. Emit 5. Remittance 6. Emissary 7. Permission 8. Transmit 9. Admit 10. Premise in one paragraph plz help and answer the question not just give in a tip plz

*February 6, 2010 by Steve*

**Language Arts(1 question plz help)**

which word that can be used to describe michah's personality has the most positive conntation? A. strange B. unique*** C. odd D. weird *****SOMEONE PLZ HELP ASAP I JUST GUESSED CUZ IDK WHAT THEY WANT******

*April 16, 2016 by Sparkles_01*

**Geometry i need hlp urgently plz plz plz **

The lenght of a line segement is of 10units and the co-ordinate of one end point are (2,-3) if the abscissa of the other end is 10 find the ordinate of the other end?? Working plz plz

*October 18, 2015 by Collins*

**Math 1 question plz help ASAP**

A bah of oranges weighs 5 1/4. How much does 1 1/2 weigh?(that's the question my question is do we add, subtract, multiply or divide plzzzzzzzzz help meeeeee im new to this website =)

*November 21, 2015 by Debra Grimes*

**Science 1 question help plz thank you **

Which of the following is not true about bias. A. Personal bias involves the influence of your own likes and dislikes B. Ethical bias involves basing a conclusion on too little data C. Cultural bias is influence from culture in which you grew up D. Experimental bias is a ...

*August 10, 2016 by lilly*

**math**

Is question multiplication or adding. Leoard read 85 Pages per day for 78 Days.How much did he read altogether?

*November 12, 2015 by Mackenzie*

**math**

the volume of a rectangular solid is given by expressions given below.in each case find the dimentions of the solid. a)15x^2-51x+18. b)x^3+13x^2+32x+20. c)x^2-5x/2-3/2. d)x^4+x^3-x-1 plz everyone help me out.till 2 o'clock...plz plz plz

*May 30, 2012 by parul*

**math**

the volume of a rectangular solid is given by expressions given below.in each case find the dimentions of the solid. a)15x^2-51x+18. b)x^3+13x^2+32x+20. c)x^2-5x/2-3/2. d)x^4+x^3-x-1 plz everyone help me out.till 2 o'clock...plz plz plz

*May 30, 2012 by PLZ HELP ME NOW...*

**Math plz help it only one question**

What is the volume of the rectangular prism? (there is a rectangular prism with a height of 7 mm width of 9.6 mm and a length of 5 mm) Plz help and can you show me how its done? thanks!

*April 3, 2016 by I LOVE PHINES AND FERB*

**Genetics (plz check answer)**

Question: Calculate the frequency of the AA, Aa, and aa genotypes after one generation if the initial population consists of 0.2 AA, 0.6 Aa, and 0.2 aa. What I have done is: P = (0.2)+(0.5)(0.6)= 0.50 q = 1-p = 1 - 0.50 = 0.50 Can someone check my answer plz.

*December 6, 2006 by Josh*

**bio (plz check answer)**

Question: Calculate the frequency of the AA, Aa, and aa genotypes after one generation if the initial population consists of 0.2 AA, 0.6 Aa, and 0.2 aa. What I have done is: P = (0.2)+(0.5)(0.6)= 0.50 q = 1-p = 1 - 0.50 = 0.50 Can someone check my answer plz.

*December 7, 2006 by Josh*

**pscychology**

Could someone pretty plz plz plz help me...What are the 2 biggest parts of the human brain??

*March 11, 2009 by Logan:)*

**sociology**

How about -- class structure in your town or school? prejudice about a particular ethnic group? classroom group projects? perceptions about authority figures? sorry i wrote in dat language i need to do a project in sociology for 20 marks and iam not able to decide on a topic ...

*August 14, 2007 by Ms. Sue*

**Maths plz help**

X^x+y^y=31 x+y=5 plz help i was told to use newton litrate method plz help

*December 18, 2015 by Collins*

**NEED Math Help ASAP PLZ!!!**

I dont know how i got this question wrong. In a direct variation, the constant of proportionality is -3. Which of the following would be its equation? A) y = x - 3 B) -3y = x C) y = -3x D) -3 = xy I put A as my answer... but it says the answer is C! How is C the answer? PLZ ...

*December 18, 2015 by Scarlett*

**Math**

If f(1)=-2 & f'(x)_< 1.8 for 1_< x_< 8, what is the largest possible value of f(8)? Can someone help me on this question and plz provid me some calculation for this question.

*October 28, 2012 by Ifi*

**Business Communication**

1. When people read at work, they-----. A. want to question your statements. B. WANT TO UNDERSTAND your point with as little effort as possible. C. WANT to read your carefully. D. Compare your writing with Lincoln's.

*June 19, 2012 by Carline*

**social studies idk**

how did the automobile negatively impact society???!!!?!?! PLZ help me I have been on it since morning plz pretty plz cherry on top help me

*December 4, 2015 by suzzie*

**physics **

please tell me f(x)=rho_1*g*A the solution of which question I cannot understand plz give the 3 to 4 words of question as a hint

*May 3, 2013 by faryia *

**Ed Tech. PLZ HELP ASAP**

2.To publish your slide show as movie what should you click on first? A.File B.Animations C.Slide Show D.View 3.What is the purpose of slide timings? A.To tell the user how long to wait before clicking the mouse B.To set the time each slide will be shown in an automatic slide ...

*October 27, 2015 by regan *

**Science 7R - HW Check (PLZ read!)**

Compare Lamarck's explantion of evolution with Darwin's theory. My Answer - After scientist collected large amounts of data on the inheritance of characteristics, Lamarck's explanation was rejected. Darwin's developed the theory of evolution still accepted today. Is my answer ...

*February 6, 2012 by Laruen *

**Language arts**

Today in L.A we had to read an article about Mark Mcgwire who used steroids in baseball. As we read we had to come up with a question and answer it fir home work which is due Tuesday. My question " How did Mark Mcwire get hurt in the Mid- 1990s?" Can anyone help me answer ...

*January 17, 2014 by Anonymous *

**physics!! plz answer me!**

A 0.15 kg baseball moving at +26 m/s is slowed to a stop by a catcher who exerts a constant force of -390 N. How long does it take this force to stop the ball? How far does the ball travel before stopping? plz plz plz help!!

*December 10, 2007 by julia*

**help plz**

Which word is a synonym of the word evolve? a}recession b}decline c}progress d}retrogression p.s.ive been working on this same question for 1 month todaysthe last day i have can some1 plz just give me the answer plzzz lol btw:who likes boxing?0_o

*April 14, 2010 by justin*

**Question (plz read) **

If you publish your work on lulu will it be in stores?? I was reading this website Self Publish a Book on lulu Step by Step after I watch the video, I'm wondering since my book will be sold all over the world (that what is said in the video) will it be in stores

*July 22, 2012 by Laruen *

**maths**

plz i cerious need help i posted dis qustion bt due 2 my wrong typing it was nt anser plz here it is:x^4+3x-2/(x^2+1)=Ax+B/(x^2+1)+Cx+D/(x^2+1)^2+(Ex+F)/(x^2+1)^3+G/(x-4)+(Hx+1)/(x-4)^2.find ABCDEFGH? plz it a partial fraction thank yo u and Godbless u

*July 29, 2015 by anthony*

**random question**

Do bears eat wolfs? plz help I need it for presentation also im new to this website so ya answer the question plzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

*November 15, 2015 by #AriannaGirl :)*

**? ABOUT POSTING AN ENGLISH/COMP. HOMEWORK QUESTION**

If we posted an essay we had written and asked a teacher to read and evaluate it, would we be able to delete the post after a teacher had read it so as to aviod someone using the essay for plagiarism, or is a question posted on this site permanently?

*September 1, 2014 by Emma*

**grammar check PLZ HELP ;-;**

Which sentence contains an item that is either incorrectly italicized or should be italicized? A. On the ship's deck was women reading a novel called (Mystery at Sea). B. He painted the seaplane blue and named it "Kingfisher." C. In (Newsweek), I read an article called "The ...

*May 23, 2016 by Leo*

**calculus need help**

solve d^2y/dx^2+y=tanx plz help me aldo i was given a link to read on but i cant even acess it just help

*September 20, 2016 by dams*

**Math help plz**

Dresser is 3 3/4 feet from 8 foot ceiling .what height of dresser in feet . Plz answer the question , I try to do my mind is hurting could not figure out. My answer is 4. 75 ...I don't know if I m wrong or right.

*November 24, 2011 by Anonymous*

**MATH**

I need help on this question plz The mean of Five numbers is 28. Two of the numbers are the same. If three of the numbers are 20,25, and 35,what are the other two numbers? plz write back asap thanks

*March 22, 2011 by ST*

**CALC..plz help**

hello again..i have another question... it says sketch the curve <3cost,t,2sint> i know the parametric equations are x=3cost y=t z=2sint but what do i do to sketch them..plz help me

*October 19, 2007 by Kim*

**Do I have enough time**

I am going to bed at 8:30 it's 7:45 or 7:47 so do I have enough time to complete my eassy that's 4 paragraph plz tell me This is not a homework question but plz help me Thanks

*February 1, 2016 by Essence loves math*

**chem**

stilll didnt get it .. .. can u plz explain in detail ... how did u get the answer.. plz plz plz plz plzp l zp thnks Bond enthalpy is the energy required to break a mole of a certain type of bond. O=O = 495 kj/mol S-F = 327 kj/mol S=O = 523 kj/mol Use average bond enthalpies ...

*November 12, 2008 by DR BOOBB Plz HELP*

**Math**

On the six tests in her social studies course, Jerelyn's score were 92, 78, 86, 92, 95, and 91. Determine the median and the mode of her scores. If Jerelyn took a seventh test and raised the mean of her scores exactly 1 point, what was her score on the seventh test? .......I ...

*September 13, 2008 by JAsmine*

**English**

Read the expressions in a loud voice. Read the expressions in a soft voice. Read the expressions loudly. Read the expressions out loud. Read the expressions aloud. Read the expressions loud. Read the expressions softly. Read the expressions in a low voice. Read the expressions...

*September 29, 2008 by John*

**HORRIBLE!**

Hello, I took my ACT test today, and I think I epicly failed the english part. The part where you had to correct the underlined sentence was really hard. I would narrow it down to 2 answers, but obviously only one can work. Both of them looked correct to me. Also, the read the...

*April 4, 2009 by Chopsticks*

**Explain the question!**

Question 1: Focus on stereotyping (in it’ many forms) and it’s positive and negative impacts in the workplace. Question 2: Focus on employee happiness and employee productivity and the relationship between these terms and behaviours Can anyone tell me what these questions are ...

*June 5, 2010 by Thara!*

**Ms.Sue (ONLY)**

can you plz help me in science? PLZ HELP ME! YOU HELP ALL THE TIME! *begs* plz help! i am my knees!!!!! (really i am!) its called "science 8th grade"

*March 7, 2012 by sammie doodles :-)*

**grade 10 history**

I have a SUPER HUGE project due called National History day and need lots of help with it, plz plz plz help!!!!!

*January 20, 2013 by Macy*

**Plz,plz help!**

Can you help me write: real-world scenario in which you would write an inequality rather than an equation? Plz, I really need help! :D

*January 21, 2014 by Princess Anna*

**Calculus i need help plz plz**

Integrate:Sinxcosx/a^2cos^2(x)+b^2sin^2(x))dx??? plz i need the full working too hard for me

*October 21, 2015 by Collins*

**math plz help ;-;**

What is the y-coordinate of the y-intercept of the linear equation 2x - 3y = 12? Plz help I don't understand how to do this can you show me step by step plz, sorry ;-;

*May 31, 2016 by leo*

**Science. plz help!!**

What is the physical and chemical characteristics of the element neon? p.s- a really need help i'm not joking. oh yeah and thank you for your time! I think I answered this last night but it may not have been your question. Anyway, go to www.webelements.com and click on element...

*November 13, 2006 by Vicky*

**English**

I hate to read and I did not read the book THe Guns of Navarone. I have to answer one question for four categories; Comprehension, Extending Understanding, Text Analysis, and Context Analysis. Help?

*October 26, 2009 by Jacob*

**HISTORY!! help plz and thannks**

what are protective tariffs and the factory system? I want to know what a factory system si because the question is Why was the factory system beneficial to Canadians. help plz and thank u!

*March 8, 2009 by beecca*

**literature for kids**

Which is NOT a strategy aides or volunteers should use for shared reading? A. Read with expression. B. Read the story in its entirety without answering student questions. C. Read with fluency. D. Read with the appropriate volume. I think its B

*November 27, 2015 by bev*

**Algebra (y=kx)**

just read my other question and u will find the question. but i really need he- lp!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

*December 7, 2008 by josh*

**Math help plz**

How thick is a pile of paper? Find a relationship between the number of folds and the number of layers. Note your observations. Number of folds Number of layers 0 1 1 2 2 4 3 8 4 14 5 23 Plz help im so stuck on this question Are you sure 4 14 and 5 23 are copied right? If so I...

*October 15, 2006 by Jessie*

**Radicals**

i need help solving this problem.. -2 multiplied by the square root of 5 multiplied by 3 which is multiplied by the square root of 6 which is also multiplied by the (-)negitive square root of 7 plz put the problem in symbols as it is shown in your textbook or wherever it is. i...

*February 12, 2007 by Brittany*

**Foundations of Law**

I am a little lost on this. I read my book that my professor told me to read, however, I still do not see the answer to this question Biological theories of crime causation assume that the basic determinants of behavior are based upon two things; what are they

*May 10, 2009 by Criminal Admin Major*

**Pre-Cal**

1) My last question was wrong. The question should read: Fill in the blanks As x --> pi+, sin x --> ? and csc x --> ? I do not understand this!

*February 28, 2010 by Abby*

**plz plz plz help in science**

An elastic object strikes to ground and compress when it touches the ground. What is energy transformation? a- gravitational to electric b- electric to gravitational c- A ---Answer i dont know which one is right for the second one. A study shows treatment of peptic ulcer with ...

*December 13, 2011 by hiba*

**Math**

Write a brief answer to each question. Provide examples. a) When is the sum or difference of two monomials a monomial? b) When is the product of two monomials a monomial? c) When is the quotient of two monomials a monomials? Plz help, the questions confuse me. I have no clue ...

*December 20, 2006 by Kayla*

**English**

What is an essay-style question, and how would I write one about a book I read? I don't have to answer the question

*November 2, 2010 by Lala*

**EASY MATH QUESTION**

What is the probability of rolling a 1, 2, 4, 5, or 6 on a six sided dice? MAKE SURE TO READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY!

*June 7, 2011 by Vince*

**math:roger plz check if im right**

how many decimeter are there in a meter: .1m a decameter: 10m a kilometer: 1000m Go back to your original post and read what I wrote. Then redo your table.

*September 11, 2006 by alejandra*

**Math**

I have a question I am having a hard time with..... 2 more than 6 times a number divided 3 Would this be read as (6p / 3) + 2 or 6 (p/3) + 2 thank you for your help!!! Both are correct. In the second one, 6 is equal to 6/1, so when you multiply it by p/3, you'll end up with 6p...

*March 22, 2007 by M*

**math**

A water balloon is shot into the air so that its height h, in metres, after t seconds is h = —4.9t^2 + 27t + 2.4 a)How high is the balloon after 1 s? b)For how long is the balloon more than 30 m high? c)What is the maximum height reached by the balloon? d)When will the balloon...

*January 23, 2009 by gagan*

**1 question!**

Answer the following question about the poem “Fable for When There’s No Way Out.” How does this line from the poem help explain the outcome of the chick’s struggle? “Rage works if reason won’t.” Okay, I have read this poem, but I do know how to put this question in words.....

*December 10, 2013 by Princess Anna*

**1question last one plz help meeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee**

5. Identify the benefits that your space mission might provide for modern society. Explore the possibility of connecting your space mission with satellites that are already gathering information as they orbit Earth. I DONT UNDERSTAND THIS ONE QUESTION I UNDERSTAND THE REST...

*May 9, 2016 by MS.SUE,DAMON,REED ANYONE*

**Vector Calculus**

Hello...i had a question. I would really appreciate it if someone could help me...tnx in advance! K my question is Find the T(t) , N(t), B(t) for r(t)=<2sint,2cost,t>; t=pie/4 ...which are normal vectors, binomial vector and i am not sure about T(T)...anyhow...i have the...

*October 19, 2007 by Kim*

**help please:)**

After completing your study reading, it is vital that you complete which of the following steps? A. answer question B.Go back and read all subheadings again C. complie neat and detailed notes. D. Review and rehearse the main points you just read. i got D What do you think ?

*September 27, 2011 by ciara*

**math**

You want to cover a trapezoidal box with paper. You have a sheet of paper that is 1m by 500cm. What is the size box that can be made with minimal wastage? plz plz plz help me with this.. i don't understand how to do this

*May 15, 2016 by Emily*

**Algebra HELP!!**

Plz help me!! And what is your question?

*October 25, 2006 by Margie*

**Percentage**

34=54%x? How to do this question. Plz help ...

*August 21, 2012 by Shan*