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Chemistry (Electrons in Atoms)

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chemistry
Electrons are one of the most important components in atoms. Compare and contrast how the electrons are organized in K (potassium), Al (aluminum), C (carbon), Cl (chlorine) and Ne (neon). Then explain how that electron structure leads these atoms to form or not form bonds with...

Chemistry
Please explain this, I have no idea how to figure this out. What molecule or polyatomic ion has the following features. (a) four bonded atoms, no unshared electrons on the central atom (b) two bonded atoms, no unshared electrons on the central atom (c) two bonded atoms, one ...

physics
the heating effect of the fuse wire is caused by... a) emmision of moving electrons by stationary atoms b) absorption of moving electrons by stationary atoms c)collisions by moving electrons and stationary atoms thanks

science help.. pls help me dr.bob22 or damon
Sodium Chloride is formed when atoms lose and gain electrons Carbon monoxide is formed when atoms share electrons. In both substances atoms are held together by a(n) is it chemical bond pls help me

Chemistry
6. Which one of the following statements about chemical bonding is not correct? a) Ionic bonding occurs when one atom donates electrons to another. b) When atoms bond, the resulting compound is of a lower energy state than that of the combining atoms. c) A covalent bond forms ...

Chemistry
What does the photoelectric effect show about the connection between light and electrons? A. Light can remove electrons from atoms. B. Electrons are composed of light. C. Light is composed of electrons. D. It takes 2 photons of light to cause 1 electron to begin flowing.

chemistry
when atoms collide, what determines whether they will react by transfering electrons or by sharing electrons

science Help 911!!
Sodium chloride is formed when atoms lose and gain electrons. Carbon monoxide is formed when atoms share electrons. In both substances, atoms are held together by? A. Ionic bond B. chemical bond C. atomic mass D. proton Is the answer D? Your grandson can wait. Lol

Chemistry
How did the metal atoms become ions? Metal atoms became ions by losing electrons to form positively charged ions(cations). How did the nonmetal atoms become ions? Nonmetal atoms became ions by gaining electrons to form negative ions(anions).

biology
The following statement is false. Select the rewording that makes the statement true. Dalton discovered electrons inside of atoms by using thermal energy. Thompson discovered electrons inside of atoms by using cathode rays. Thompson discovered electrons inside of atoms by ...

Chemistry - Lewis Dots
Draw the molecule by placing atoms on the grid and connecting them with bonds. Do not identify the charge on each of these species. Include all lone pairs of electrons. H3COCH3 Draw the ion by placing atoms on the grid and connecting them with bonds. Do not identify the charge...

Science
What is the primary reason for the trend in atomic radius going from left to right across the periodic table? 1.All atoms in a given period of the table are the same size because the same main energy level is being filled. 2.There is no clear trend, the atoms all have ...

Chemistry
Use Lewis diagrams to show how electrons are shared to form covalent bonds in compounds with the following atoms. Write the formulas a) one carbon atom and four chlorine atoms i think i would share each of the four electrons of carbon with the chlorine atom

Science
How are valence electrons involved in the formation of a covalent bond? They gave me the answer as...They are shared with another atom (or atoms). However, i thought they shared electrons not atoms...it confused me

Biology
These are true and false questions and I want to be sure of my answers. Please someone check. Thanks: The eight-element periodicity found in the Periodic Table is related to the number of electrons in the outermost energy level of the atoms that make up each element. True 2. ...

Biology
These are true and false questions and I want to be sure of my answers. Please someone check. Thanks: The eight-element periodicity found in the Periodic Table is related to the number of electrons in the outermost energy level of the atoms that make up each element. True 2. ...

chemistry
Covalent bonds are formed when two atoms share electrons. The pairs of electrons which are shared between atoms and hence number of covalent bonds, can be represented by the number of lines drawn between the symbols for the atoms. For example, a single bond is represented by a...

Chemistry
Fill in the Blanks When atoms share electrons to gain the_____ configuration of a noble gas, the bonds formed are______. Atoms lose and gain electrons to form electron configurations like a noble gas (octet in the outer shell). Atoms share electrons to form the octet in ...

chemistry
Ca + Br2 --> CaBr2 its synthesis and the reason the reaction happens is stable electron configuration but i don't understand why. Responses chemistry - DrBob222, Wednesday, January 21, 2009 at 10:06pm Synthesis because it's two elements combining to form a single product. ...

Chemistry
True/False 1. Diatomic molecules contain two atoms?T 2. Electrons travel in pairs? T 3. The energies needed to break chemical bonds can be measured T 4. Bonding involves all the electrons in an atom T 5. Lewis structures are used to describe bonding? F 6. More than one pair of...

Chemistry
Dalton discovered electrons inside of atoms by using thermal energy. Thompson discovered electrons inside of atoms by using cathode rays. Thompson discovered electrons inside of atoms by using X rays. Dalton discovered electrons inside of atoms by using cathode rays. Dalton ...

Chemistry
A covalent bond forms when (1)two nuclei share electrons in order to achieve a complete octet of electrons (2) atoms form ions and then electrostatic forces of attraction bond the ions together. (3)repulsive forces between atoms are greater than the attractive forces (4) a ...

chemistry
Select all true statements from the following: a. ) Metals are good conductors of heat and electricity. b. ) Nonmetals generally react by forming covalent bonds (i.e. sharing electrons) or by gaining electrons to form anions. c. ) Halogen atoms have the highest ionization ...

chemistry
Select all true statements from the following: a. ) Metals are good conductors of heat and electricity. b. ) Nonmetals generally react by forming covalent bonds (i.e. sharing electrons) or by gaining electrons to form anions. c. ) Halogen atoms have the highest ionization ...

Chemistry
Does the Octet rule say that atoms like to have 8 structural electrons, or eight valence electrons. I'm pretty sure it's valence, but I just wanted to check.

Chemistry (Check)
i have to fill in the blanks In an ionic compound the charges of the Blank and Blank must balance to produce an electrically Blank Substance. Is it Cation, Anion, then Netural for the last blank And what about this one i don't know. Metallic atoms tend to lose valebce ...

chemistry
The "Chemistry in Focus" segment A Magnetic Moment discusses the ability to levitate a frog in a magnetic field because electrons, when sensing a strong magnetic field, respond by opposing it. This is called diamagnetism. Atoms that are diamagnetic have all paired electrons. ...

Physical Science
Need help with these questions: 1.When a calcium atom forms an ion, it loses two electrons. What is the electrical charge of the calcium ion? A.-2 B.-1 C.+2 D.+1 2.Which particle builds a static electrical charge when it is transferred from one object to the other? A.proton B....

Physics
We want to find how much charge is on the electrons in a nickel coin. Follow this method. A nickel coin has a mass of about 4.9 g. Find the number of atoms in a nickel coin. Each mole (6.02 × 10 23 atoms) has a mass of about 58.1 g. Answer in units of atoms Find the ...

Biology HELP!
1. Which of the following correctly identifies the composition of an oxygen atom? (1 point) 8 protons, 8 electrons, and 8 neutrons 6 protons, 6 electrons, and 6 neutrons 8 protons, 6 electrons, and 7 neutrons 6 protons, 6 electrons, and 12 neutrons 2. Which of the following ...

physical sciences
When a covalent bond forms between two atoms how many atoms have a full outer shell of electrons? A. one B. two C. zero D. It depends on what the atoms are. HELP PLEASEE

Physics
We want to find how much charge is on the electrons in a nickel coin. Follow this method. A nickel coin has a mass of about 5.7 g. a. Find the number of atoms in a nickel coin. Each mole (6.02 × 10^23 atoms) has a mass of about 57.9 g. Answer in units of atoms. b. Find the ...

Chemistry
Are the Carbon atoms full though. I don't know. My teacher was saying something about putting the atoms with dots on a diagonal and she said something about using arrows to indicate the "CC" bonds. ??????????????????????????????????????? I don't understand what you mean by th...

Chemistry
Atom A- 6 protons, 6 electrons, 7 neutrons Atom D- 6 protons, 6 electrons, 8 neutrons Atom X- 7 protons, 7 electrons, 8 neutrons Atom Z- 8 protons, 8 electrons, 9 neutrons Which two atoms are isotopes of the same element? a. A and D b. A and Z c. X and D d. X and Z How am I ...

Physics
When a certain material is illuminated with visible light, electrons jump from lower to higher energy states in atoms of the material. When illuminated by ultraviolet light, atoms are ionized as some of them eject electrons. Why do the two kinds of illumination produce such ...

chemistry
We know that all matter are made up of atoms and all atoms consists of electrons,protons,neutrons,etc.Then why do we find such a variety of matter?Why is wood not gold?

Science (Chemistry)
Can someone explain why the ratio of magnesium ions to chloride ions in MgCl2 is 1 :2 Mg is in group IIA and has two electrons in its outside shell. Cl is in group VIIA and has seven electrons in its outside shell. Mg wants to lose two electrons; Cl wants to gain one electron...

Science
One gram of platinum has 3.09 × 1021 atoms, and each platinum atom has 78 electrons. How many electrons are contained in 4.00 g of platinum? The elemental charge is 1.6 × 10−19 C. Answer in units of electrons

physics
One gram of nickel has 1.026 × 1022 atoms, and each nickel atom has 28 electrons. How many electrons are contained in 6.00 g of nickel? The elemental charge is 1.6 × 10−19 C. Answer in units of electrons

chemistry (doubt)
We know that all matter are made up of atoms and all atoms consists of electrons ,protons, neutrons ,etc.Then why do we find such a variety of matter?Why is wood not gold?

Science--HELP!!
Can you please check my answers: 1. Dalton's idea that atoms cannot be divided into smaller parts was disproved by the discovery of _________ (electrons?) 2. The description of the structure of the atom is called ______ (atomic model?) 3. In a water molecule, two atoms of ...

chemistry
How many atoms of carbon are needed to produce 0.45 mol Al? 3C + 2Al2O3 4Al + 3CO2 A. 2.6 × 1026 atoms B. 9.7 × 1024 atoms C. 3.0 × 1022 atoms D. 2.0 × 1023 atoms

physics
One gram of tungsten has 3.28 × 1021 atoms, and each tungsten atom has 74 electrons. How many electrons are contained in 9.00 g of tungsten? Answer in units of electrons

Chemistry
how many electrons are in 3.70 x 10^23 atoms of carbon 13?

chemistry
ho electrons are there in a silicon atoms?

Physical Science
How do atoms react with each other to form other substances? I don't know what grade you are in but if this is not understandable, please clarify and repost. Many metals react with many non-metals with the metal losing electrons (forming a positive ion) and the non-metal ...

chemistry
what is the mass in grams? a) 3.011 x 10^23 atoms F b)1.50 x 10^23 atoms Mg c)4.50 x 10^12 atoms Cl d)8.42 x 10^18 atoms Br e) 25 atoms w f) 1 atom Au can you please explain a and b to me then i'll come back later and see if i did the rest right? Thanks in advance

chemistry
boron-10 has an atomic number of 5. how many electrons are in this isotope? 0 electrons, 2 electrons, 5 electrons, 10 electrons. I think 10

chemistry
Lithium-6 has an atomic number of 3. How many electrons are in this isotope? A. 0 electrons B. 3 electrons C. 6 electrons D. 9 electrons I think C. 6

chemistry
How many atoms are in 3.14 mol of methane (CH4)? A. 7.56 x 1023 atoms B. 7.56 x 102 atoms C. 7.56 x 104 atoms D. 7.56 x 1024 atoms D

chemistry,
,I NEED TO DRAW A LEWIS STRUCTURE for C2n2,cyanogen,and to state the noble gas,i know the answer is neon,but i have far to many electrons and am getting the gas argon,please help :N:::C:C:::N: please where do u think i am going wrong I don't know. You didn't show any work. C ...

Chemistry 2
What is the predominant intermolecular force responsible for the dissolution of the hydrophilic end of soap in water? Using dashed lines, illustrate where the intermolecular force occurs between atoms in adjacent molecules? Lone pair electrons have been omitted in the ...

chemistry
what is the mass in grams? a) 3.011 x 10^23 atoms F b)1.50 x 10^23 atoms Mg c)4.50 x 10^12 atoms Cl d)8.42 x 10^18 atoms Br e) 25 atoms w f) 1 atom Au can you please explain a and b to me then i'll come back later and see if i did the rest right? Thanks in advance it needs to ...

chemistry
what is the mass in grams? a) 3.011 x 10^23 atoms F b)1.50 x 10^23 atoms Mg c)4.50 x 10^12 atoms Cl d)8.42 x 10^18 atoms Br e) 25 atoms w f) 1 atom Au can you please explain a and b to me then i'll come back later and see if i did the rest right? Thanks in advance it needs to ...

Biology 101
When we say an atom has an incomplete outer shell, this means the atom has ______________________ electrons in its outermost shell. Atoms that have incomplete outer shells usually seek to fill their shells by forming ____________________ ________________ through the sharing or...

Chemistry;Check?!
Can you check these? Strong attractive forces that keep atoms connected together are called _____. A. valence electrons B. chemical bonds C. cations D. anions Which of the following is NOT a type of bonding that occurs between atoms? A. covalent bonding B. metallic bonding C. ...

Chemistry
A neutral atom of an element has 2 electrons with n=1, 8 electrons with n=2, and 5 electrons with n=3. Write its electron configuration and find: A) atomic number B) total number of s electrons C) total number p electrons D) total number of protons E)Paired electrons F)...

physics
An iron wire has a cross-sectional area equal to 1.20 10-5 m2. Carry out the following steps to determine the drift speed of the conduction electrons in the wire if it carries a current of 34.0 A. (a) How many kilograms are there in 1.00 mole of iron? 1 kg/mol (b) Starting ...

Electrochemistry
A current of 2.50 A is passed through a solution containing Cu+2 ions for 4.00 hours. Calculate the mass of Cu atoms that form at the cathode. Charge= current*time Convert the charge in coulombs to number of electrons. Since it takes two electrons per Cu+2 atom, divide the ...

Chemistry
Check answers? 1) Why did J.J. Thomson reason that electrons must be a part of the atoms of all elements? A) Cathode rays are negatively charged particles**** B) Cathode rays can be deflected by magnets C) An electron is 2000 times lighter than a hydrogen atom D) Charge-to-...

chemistry
An experiment is set up in which a copper surface is irradiated with high-intensity photons with a wavelength of 15.0nm. Electrons ejected from the surface are found to have a velocity of .548% of c. What is the binding energy of copper's most weakly bound electrons? What is ...

MS. SUE HELP- Chemistry
Check answers? 1) Why did J.J. Thomson reason that electrons must be a part of the atoms of all elements? A) Cathode rays are negatively charged particles**** B) Cathode rays can be deflected by magnets C) An electron is 2000 times lighter than a hydrogen atom D) Charge-to-...

Chemistry
"Would you expect each of the following atoms to gain or lose electrons when forming ions? What ion [cation/anion] is most likely in each case?" Followed by a short list of elements such as Na and Sr. What I'm wondering is how I'm to know? I can't find anything in the text ...

chemistry
how many electrons are shared by two atoms that form a triple bond?

chemistry
calculate number of atoms in 4.67 mol of Ca(NO3)2 I got: 2.81 X 10^24 C atoms or should it be 28.11 x 10^23 C atoms? 5.62 X 10^24 N atoms or should it be 9.34 x 10^23 N atoms? 1.69 x 10^25 O atoms....but are you allowed to do ^25 or should it be 168.7 X 10^23 O atoms I'm ...

Chemistry
Electron exhibiting a particle wavelength of 4.02 x 10-9 are emitted from hydrogen atoms after interaction with high energy photons. Assuming that the electrons in the hydrogen atom were in their ground state prior to interaction, determine the wavelength of the photon which ...

Chemistry
Electron exhibiting a particle wavelength of 5.2 x 10-9 are emitted from hydrogen atoms after interaction with high energy photons. Assuming that the electrons in the hydrogen atom were in their ground state prior to interaction, determine the wavelength of the photon which ...

chemistry
Electron exhibiting a particle wavelength of 6.81 x 10-9 are emitted from hydrogen atoms after interaction with high energy photons. Assuming that the electrons in the hydrogen atom were in their ground state prior to interaction, determine the wavelength of the photon which ...

Chemistry
It takes 208.4 kJ of energy to remove one mol of electrons from the atoms on the surface of rubidium metal. If rubidium metal metal is irradiated with 254-nm light, what is the maximum kinetic energy the released electrons can have?

chemistry
how many valence electrons is an oxygen atom able to attract from other atoms

chemistry
What is composed of atoms in fixed proportions? A. mixtures B. compounds C. electrons D. elements

chemistry
how do i do this: give the number of protons, electrons, and neutrons in each of the following atoms. 108 47 Au 40 20 Ca 23 11 Na

Chemistry
What are transferred in an oxidation-reduction reaction? atoms*** electrons ions protons

chemistry
Calculate the mass, in grams, of each of the following. a) 1.2×10^23 gold atoms b) 2.78×10^22 helium atoms c) 2.0×10^23 lead atoms d) 7.6×10^21 uranium atoms

chemistry help!!! please!!! DrBob222 I need you!!
How many atoms of carbon are needed to produce 0.45 mol Al? 3C + 2Al2O3 4Al + 3CO2 A. 2.6 × 1026 atoms B. 9.7 × 1024 atoms C. 3.0 × 1022 atoms D. 2.0 × 1023 atoms I'm really very stuck with this question. please help me!!!

Chemistry
In the recent Chem Activities, we have been learning about how Coulombic attractions and repulsions determine properties of atoms like ionization energy and atomic radius. We have made two assumptions not completely justified by the data we had up to this point: electrons are ...

Chemistry (Electrons in Atoms)
True or False. 1)Electrons give off light as they drop to lower energy levels. 2)Electrons travel around the nucleus as waves. 3)A photon of low frequency light has more energy than a photon of high frequency light. 4)Orbitals with equal energy levels each contain one electron...

science
The modern atomic model includes electrons orbiting the nucleus. Which of the following parts of Dalton's atomic model was disproved by the discovery of the electron? - Atoms are tiny particles. - Atoms cannot be divided into smaller parts . - Atoms have specific mass and size...

chemistry
Compare the three types of bonds based on what happens to the valence electrons of the atoms

chemistry
In diatomic molecules of elements, the electronegativites of the two atoms are _________, so the electrons are shared ___________.

chemistry
How many electrons are in the highest occupied energy level of these atoms? Na(sodium) Al (aluminum) F(fluorine) C(carbon)

Chemistry
In which of the following substances does sharing of electrons between two atoms occur? He Nal PO43– Ag

Science/Chemistry
Is this true Dispersion forces generally increase in strength as the number of electrons in a molecule increases. The number of electrons can only increase if more atoms are added to the molecule. The molecule has to stay electrically neutral. Dispersion forces are of greater ...

Chemistry......
If the statement is true, write a T in the blank. If the statement is false, rewrite it to make it correct. 1. An inert gas reacts easily with other elements 2. Radioactive decay is dependent on external forces such as temperature and pressure Fill-in-the-blanks An (11...

Chemistry
Hi. Is PO4(3-) polar or non-polar? Why or why not? Thanks! Look up the electronegativity of P and O. I think I remember that O is about 3.5 and P is about 2.1; therefore, each P-O bond is somewhat polar. Thus, the ion will be polar unless the Lewis structure (electron dot ...

chemistry
How many atoms are in 1.14 mol of propane (C3H8)? A. 7.55 x 1023 atoms B. 7.77 x 1024 atoms C. 7.55 x 1024 atoms D. 7.55 x 1030 atoms C

Chemistry
Can someone tell me if this makes any sense or if I need to start over. I am not sure if it even answers the question. Why is the benzene molecule represented as “a flat cyclohexane with a ring inside?” The benzene molecule is represented as “a flat cyclohexane with a ...

Physics
Which of the following summarizes Rutherford's model of the atom? a. Electrons are embedded in a positive region of spherical dimension. b. Electrons revolve around the nucleus without emitting radiation. c. Electrons revolve around the nucleus like planets move around the sun...

Chemistry(Please check)
1)For an atom of carbon how many valence electrons are "s" electrons? 2 2) How many are "p" electrons? 4 3)How many (total) electrons in carbon are paired? 2 4) How many are unpaired? 1 Are these correct.

Chemistry
Given the balanced equation representing a reaction : 2Fe+ 3Cu^2+ --> 2Fe^3+ +3Cu When the iron atoms lose six moles of electrons, how many moles of electrons are gained by the copper ions? (1) 12 moles (2) 2 moles (3) 3 moles (4) 6 moles how would i even start solving a ...

Atoms. Atoms.
YOU DISCOVERED A NEW ATOM! WOW, EVERYONE AT YOUR LAB IS IMPRESSED!! SOME ARE SAYING YOU MAY BE NOMINATED FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE IN MEDICINE!!! IF THIS IS GOING TO HAPPEN, YOU HAVE TO FIND OUT AS MUCH ABOUT THE ATOM AS YOU CAN, AND YOU DON’T HAVE LONG TO DO IT. THE LAB WAS ...

math/science
Atoms tend to gain, share, lose valence electrons until each atom has the same number of valence electrons as the ____________. my answer: nucleus

chemistry
give the total number of protons and electrons in each atom Cr2+ 24 protons 22 electrons Cr3+ 24 protons 21 electrons Ni3+ 28 protons 25 electrons Ni4+ 28 protons 24 electrons

chemistry
Li+Cl=>LiCl ionic bonding atoms valence electrons electron transfer from/ to each atom and ions formed in the product??

chemistry
Why do beryllium and fluorine combine in a 1:2 ratio? use page 194 in your textbook. Be is in group 2 (IIA) and has two electrons in its outer shell which it wants to give away. Flourine is in group 17 (VIIA) and has seven electrons. It needs one more to fill its outside shell...

physics
Which of the following summarizes Rutherford's model of the atom? Choose one answer. a. Electrons are embedded in a positive region of spherical dimension. b. Electrons revolve around the nucleus without emitting radiation. c. Electrons revolve around the nucleus like planets ...

Physics
One gram of palladium has 5.66×10^21 atoms, and each palladium atom has 46 electrons. How many electrons are contained in 7.00g of palladium? The elemental charge is1.6×10^−19C. Answer in units of electrons. The answer is 1.82252x10^24 for Part A. i need help with part...

physics
One gram of palladium has 5.66×10^21 atoms, and each palladium atom has 46 electrons. How many electrons are contained in 7.00g of palladium? The elemental charge is1.6×10^−19C. Answer in units of electrons. The answer is 1.82252x10^24 for Part A. i need help with part...

Chemistry
What property of nonmetallic elements makes more likely to gain electrons than lose electrons? Non-metals already have outside shells that are more than half filled (escept for group 4 elements) and it is easier to fill the shell by adding 2 or 3 electrons than to lose 5 or 6 ...

Physical Science
Need help with these questions- 1.What causes an electric current in a wire? A.Electric feilds cause atoms to move in the wire B.Electrons flow because of electrical attraction and repulsion C.Electrons move because of heat D.Electrons build up in the wire and create a charge ...

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