Number of results: 68,167

**Math**

A farmer has 230 ft of fence to enclose a rectangular garden. What is the largest garden area that can be enclosed with the 230 ft of fence? Explain your work.

*February 20, 2010 by Crystal*

**Math**

The Maximum Garden Problem. A farmer has 230 ft of fence to enclose a rectangular garden. What is the largest garden area that can be enclosed with the 230 ft of fence?

*December 20, 2009 by Anna*

**Algebra**

A farmer has 230 ft of fence to enclose a rectangular garden. What is the largest garden area that can be enclosed with the 230 ft of fence?

*July 11, 2010 by Dana*

**algebra**

A farmer decides to enclose a rectangular garden, using the side of a barn as one side of the rectangle. What is the maximum area that the farmer can enclose with 100 ft. of fence? What should the dimensions of the garden be to give this area? The max. area that the farmer can...

*March 27, 2010 by Terri*

**algebra**

A farmer decides to enclose a rectangular garden, using the side of a barn as one side of the rectangle. What is the maximum area that the farmer can enclose with 80 ft of fence? what should the dimensions of the garden be to give this area. The maximum area that the farmer ...

*March 5, 2012 by Mary*

**Math**

1. A gardener has 140 feet of fencing to fence in a rectangular vegetable garden. Find the dimensions of the largest area he can fence. Find the possible rectangular area he can enclose. 2. Suppose a farmer has a large piece of land and he wants to make a rectangular fence for...

*August 13, 2014 by Regina*

**Algebra**

A farmer decides to enclose a rectangular garden, using the side of a barn as one side of the rectangle. What is the maximum area that the farmer can enclose with 100 ft of fence? What should the dimensions of the garden be to this given area? The maximum area that can be ...

*November 21, 2011 by Kelly*

**Algebra**

A gardener is putting a wire fence along the edge of his garden to keep animals from eating his plants. -If he has 20 meters of fence, what is the largest rectangular area he can enclose? -What quadratic function represents the area of the garden? Thanks

*December 1, 2011 by Shadow*

**algebra2**

A farmer has 600 yards of fence. He will use some of the fence to enclose a rectangular area. He will use the rest divide the area into two congruent rectangles. What is the value of x that results in largest area? What is the largest area that the farmer can enclose? What are...

*March 20, 2013 by regina*

**word problem**

A farmer decides to enclose a rectangular garden, using the side of a barn as one side of the rectangle. What is the maximum area that the farmer can enclose with 80 feet of fence? What should the dimensions of the garden be to give the area?

*April 18, 2012 by angel*

**Math**

A farmer decides to enclose a rectangular garden, using the side of a barn as one side of the rectangle. What is the maximum area that the farmer can enclose with 80ft of fence? 800 sq ft? What should the dimensions of the garden be to give this area? 40ft is given so I ...

*February 18, 2008 by Marysvoice*

**Math**

A farmer had a fence that encloses a square plot with an area of 36 meters squared. If the garnet uses this fence to enclose a circular flower garden, what will the area of the garden be?

*April 19, 2012 by Deanna*

**engineering mathematics 1**

your father wants to fence a rectangular area in your backyard for a garden. one side of the garden is along rhe edgeof the yard is already fenced, so you only need to build a new fence along the other 3 sides of rectangle. if you have 80 meter of fencing available, what ...

*April 17, 2014 by athira*

**Math**

A gardener is putting a fence along the edge of his garden. If he has 20 m of fence , what is the largest area he can enclose? How can a graph solve the problem? What quadratic equation represents the area of the garden?

*December 1, 2012 by Praphul*

**Algbera**

Afarmer decides to enclose a rectangular garden, using the side of a barn as one side of the rectangle. Wht is the maximum area that the farmer can enclose with 100 ft of fence? What should the dimensions of the garden be to give this area.

*September 4, 2011 by Nikayla*

**Algebra**

a farmer wants to enclose a rectangle garden using the sides of her barn as one side of the rectangle. what is the maximum area which she can enclose with 60ft of fence? what should the dimensions of the garden be to give this area? Max area which she can enclose with 60ft of ...

*April 29, 2012 by ShelbyA*

**algebra**

Maria’s garden has 24 meters of fence and she wants to fence the rectangular garden with wall on one side of the garden. She needs no fence along the wall side. Find the largest area of the Maria’s farm that can be fenced.

*October 23, 2014 by delisia*

**Math.**

Nancy Tobey planted a vegetable garden in the backyard. However, the deer and raccoons have been stealing all the vegetables. She asked John to fence in the garden. The rectangular garden measures 8 feet by 15 feet. How many feet of fence should John purchase if he wants to ...

*October 17, 2010 by Unknown.*

**Geometry**

Harris is planting a rectangular garden with an area of 48 square feet . He is also putting a fence around his garden . How should hr arrange his garden so he can buy the least amount of fence?

*February 12, 2012 by Anonymous*

**Math**

My friend has $80 to spend on a fence for her rectangular garden. She wants to use cedar fencing which costs $8/foot on one side, and cheaper metal fencing which costs $2/foot for the other three sides. What are the dimensions of the garden with the largest area she can ...

*June 14, 2015 by Vin*

**Math**

A rectangular garden is surrounded by a roll of chicken wire fencing to keep out the rabbits. The dimensions of the garden are 2.6 m by 5.1 m. The area enclosed by the fence is ______ square metres. The length of the fence is ____ m. The following year the same roll of fencing...

*February 17, 2014 by Imran*

**word problems**

harris is planting a rectangular garden with an area of 24 square. he is also putting a fence around his garden. how should he arrange his garden so he can buy the least amount of fence possible?

*January 16, 2013 by julian*

**math**

A farmer has a rectangular garden plot surrounded by 200 ft of fence. Find the length and width of the garden if its area is 2400 ft2. 2.A rectangular garden is 2 ft longer than it is wide. Its area is 783 ft2. What are its dimensions?

*September 1, 2012 by monae*

**Math**

Madison has 48 ft of fence with which to fence in a rectangular garden. What is the maximum area she can enclose?

*April 20, 2016 by Amber*

**Math**

You are buying a fence to enclose a garden that has an area of 360 square feet. x + 9 The bottom of garden x side of garden a) What is the width of the area to be enclosed? Answer in units of ft b) How much fencing do you need? Answer in units of ft

*January 28, 2015 by Shelby*

**Math**

Amandeep decides to grow a vegetable garden. She wants to make it 10.1m long and 4.2m wide. She is worried about rabbits eating from her garden so she builds a fence around it. The fence will be 11.2m long and 5m wide. What is the area between the fence and garden? Show your ...

*January 12, 2012 by Ruby*

**Calculus 1**

Rick has 1200 feet of fence that he wants to use to enclose a rectangular garden. Find the maximum area the garden can have.

*October 6, 2016 by SAM*

**intermediate algebra**

A farmer with 3000 feet wants to enclose a rectangular plot that borders on a straight highway. If the farmer does not fence the side along the highway, what is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*March 8, 2010 by irma*

**math**

A farmer with 2000 meters of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular plot that borders on a straight highway. If the farmer does not fence the side along the highway, what is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*October 3, 2011 by lulu*

**intermediate algebra**

A farmer with 3000 feet of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular plot that borders on a straight highway. If the farmer does not fence the side along the highway, what is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*March 8, 2010 by irma*

**Math**

A farmer with 8000 meters of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular plot that borders on a river. If the farmer does not fence the side along the river, what is the largest area that can be enclosed? Does that mean I have to consider it a triangle?

*September 12, 2009 by muffy*

**Algebra**

a farmer wants to build a rectangular garden with a river as one side.what is the area of the biggest garden that he can fence with 220 meters of fencing materials?

*July 7, 2016 by Queen*

**Precalculus**

A farmer with 10000 meters of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular field and divide it into two plots with a fence parallel to the sides. What is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*September 24, 2015 by Joselito*

**Math**

Jim has 400 ft of fence material and needs to enclose an area of 10,000 square feet for his garden as the diagram depicts. (The length of the house is 62 ft and the fence extends the same distance on either side of the house.) What must the dimensions of the rectangular ...

*March 27, 2012 by Andrew*

**calculus**

A landscape architect wished to enclose a rectangular garden on one side by a brick wall costing $30/ft and on the other three sides by a metal fence costing $10/ft. If the area of the garden is 42 square feet, find the dimensions of the garden that minimize the cost.

*November 4, 2007 by al*

**math**

A rancher with 7000 yds of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular field that borders a straight highway and then wants to devide it into two plots with a fence parellel to the highway. If no fence is needed along the highway, what is the largest area that the farmer can enclose?

*September 3, 2012 by nick*

**Calculus**

A landscape architect wished to enclose a rectangular garden on one side by a brick wall costing $60/ft and on the other three sides by a metal fence costing $50/ft. If the area of the garden is 102 square feet, find the dimensions of the garden that minimize the cost.

*April 9, 2016 by Sarah*

**algebra 1**

Charles wants to build a vegetable garden such that three sides of the garden are fenced and the fourth side of the garden will be the existing back fence. He has 30 feet of fencing available. Find the dimensions of the garden that will produce the maximum enclosed area

*September 13, 2009 by sridhar*

**Math**

Mrs Harvey Wants To Put a 50 m Long Fence around Her Rectangular Garden. She Only Needs To Fence In 3 Sides Because The Other Side Is Alongside Her House. (a) Write an Expression For y In Terms of x (b) Write an Expression For The Area ( A ) Of The Garden , In Terms of x (c) ...

*March 8, 2014 by Josh*

**Algebra**

Farmer Ed has 9,000 meters of fencing, and wants to enclose a rectangular plot that borders on a river. If Farmer Ed does not fence the side along the river, what is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*June 24, 2015 by Janice*

**math**

Mrs Harvey Wants To Put a 50 m Long Fence around Her Rectangular Garden. She Only Needs To Fence In 3 Sides Because The Other Side Is Alongside Her House. y=length x=width (a) Write an Expression For y In Terms of x (b) Write an Expression For The Area ( A ) Of The Garden , In...

*March 8, 2014 by Josh*

**Pre calc**

A farmer with 2000 meters of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular field that borders a barn. If the farner does not fence the side along the barn, what is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*October 30, 2014 by richelle*

**algebra**

Farmer Ed has 9 comma 0009,000 meters of fencing, and wants to enclose a rectangular plot that borders on a river. If Farmer Ed does not fence the side along the river, what is the largest area that can be enclosed?

*June 22, 2015 by Janice*

**Math**

phyllis wants to fence in a rectangular garden with maximum area. she has 22 feet of fence. all the lengths of the sides of her garden must be whole numbers of feet. what is the best choice available to phyllis for the side lengths of her garden? Why?

*May 9, 2015 by Shohanur*

**Pre-Calculus**

A rectangular garden with an area of 250 square meters is to be located next to a building and fenced on three sides, with the building acting as a fence on the fourth side. Let x be the length of the side parallel to the building. 1. Find T(x), the total amount of the fence ...

*January 18, 2008 by Courtney*

**Math**

A rectangular garden is to be fenced by a farmer. One side of the garden is next to the wall of the house and need not to be fenced. Find the dimensions of the largest garden that can be enclosed with 100m of fencing.

*August 28, 2014 by Agnes*

**math**

srry. the question was I have a rectangular garden and I only have 24 meters of fence to go around it. so what is the largest area I can make the rectangular garden. thanks for your time and sorry for bothering! I just need help to figure this out.

*February 9, 2015 by rebecca*

**Math**

A 40-foot by 10-foot rectangular garden is enclosed by a fence. To make the garden larger, while using the same amount of fencing, its shape is changed to a square. How many square feet larger than the old garden is the new garden?

*March 26, 2015 by Jenna*

**Calc.**

Please help solve this, A farmer has 600m of fence and wants to enclose a rectangular field beside a river. Determine the dimensions of the fence field in which the maximum area is enclosed. (Fencing s required on only three sides: those that aren't next to the river.)

*March 2, 2010 by Sarah*

**Mathematics**

Mary wants to build a fence around a rectangular area for a garden. She has 150 ft of fencing and she wants to leave 10 ft opening on side for a gate. In order to make a area of the garden. A maximum what should the dimensions of the garden will be?

*January 20, 2016 by Leian*

**geometry**

ye has 44 feet of fencing to enclose a rectangular garden. She wants to to enclose as much area as possible. use trial and error to find maximur are faye can enclose with all 44 feet of fence. name the lencth and width that gives maximum area.

*September 9, 2012 by jonny*

**math**

suppose im trying to build a rectangular garden but I only have 24 meters of fence to use. so what is the largest area I can make my rectangular garden? please help I don't get it! I have to use the USE format and I don't get the question can you just explain please?

*February 9, 2015 by rebecca*

**math**

a farmer with 10,000 meters of fencing wants to enclose a rectangular field and then divide it into two plots with a fence parallel to one of the sides. What is the largest area that can be enclose?

*October 26, 2008 by kayla*

**Algebra**

a rectangular garden is located adjacent to a house the family needs to fence in the garden the family wants three side because one side is up against the house the length is 5 meters longer than the width and the area of the garden is 204 square meters how much fence is needed

*September 8, 2012 by Kay*

**Maath:)**

Sam is going to plant a rectangular flower garden next to his house. There will be a fence on three sides of the garden( fencing is not necessary along the houe). The area of the garden is to be 1,000sq. ft., and he has 90 feet of fencing available. Determine the dimensions of...

*April 30, 2012 by Honey*

**Math**

This is for grade 11 math, under quadratic extrema and roots. Fred and Ginger have 24 m of fencing to enclose a garden at the back of their house. From the pictures you can see (shows a large rectangle for the house, with a smaller one attached on the bottom line, to the right...

*November 1, 2007 by Laura*

**algebra**

A rectangular garden is fenced on thee sides with a wall forming the fourth side. The total length of the fence is 70m. The area of the garden is 600m^2. Find the dimensions of the garden.

*April 30, 2014 by Tony*

**Derivative-Optimization Problems**

You plan to enclosed part of a rectangular farmland with a fence. Since one side of it is bounded by a river, you only need to fence the other three sides. if you have enough budget to buy 600m of fencing material, what is the largest area you can enclose?

*February 22, 2017 by Liv*

**Math**

A farmer has $2400 to spend to fence two rectangular pastures.The local contractor will build the fence at a cost of $6.25/m. What is the largest area that the farmer can have fenced for that price?

*January 22, 2009 by gagan*

**Math Algebra 2**

A rectangular garden is fenced on three sides with a wall forming the fourth side. the total length of the fence is 70m. the area if the garden is 600m^2. find the dimensions of the garden.

*March 20, 2011 by Ana*

**math**

A farmer has 1000ft of fence and wishes to enclose the largest possible area that has four individual square pens bordered by a rectangular pen of a different width on each end. what are the overall dimensions of the fence area with maximum square footage? so far i thought i ...

*December 23, 2009 by matt*

**math**

Jim is putting up fence posts around a rectangular garden. He used 50 posts and placed them 2 feet apart. The length of the garden is 30 feet. What is the perimeter of the garden? What is the area of the garden? thanks

*November 19, 2013 by ava*

**Algebra 2**

A farmer wants to enclose three sides of a rectangular area that borders a creek. He has 2400 meters of fencing material. What is the maximum area that can be enclosed by the fence?

*May 19, 2011 by Mysty*

**4th grade**

bertrand is building in the form of a rectangle. he knows that the garden will be 10 feet wide. he wants to fence in the garden but only has 56 feet of fence to work with. how long mist the garden be to fence it with exactly 56 feet of fence? show how you found your answer. in...

*December 17, 2010 by dk*

**Calculus 1**

You have 4L feet of fence to make a rectangular vegetable garden alongside the wall of your house, where L is a positive constant. The wall of the house bounds one side of the vegetable garden. What is the largest possible area for the vegetable garden?

*November 1, 2015 by Grant*

**college algebra word problem**

Here's the problem I was asked: You are visiting your parents on a farm. They have asked you to design a small rectangular-shaped vegetable garden along an existing wall in their backyard. They wish to surround it with a small fence to protect their plants from animals. You ...

*December 2, 2009 by confused*

**math**

JOHN is planting a garden. He wants to put a fence around it. If the garden is 3,000cm wide and 6,500 cm long, how much fence does he need? What will the cost be if fence is 15.25 per meter

*March 11, 2013 by sam*

**Algebra 2**

Ann wants to plant a rectangular garden next to a straight river. She has 120 feet of fencing and will not fence the side of the garden next to the river. What dimensions will produce the largest garden?

*April 23, 2012 by Carolyn*

**Geometry**

Ralph wants to put a fence around his rectangular garden. His garden measures 53 feet by 55 feet.The garden has a path around it that is 3 feet wide. How much fencing material does Ralph need to enclose the garden and path?

*April 2, 2016 by Boberto*

**Math (Quadratic Equations)**

A field is bound on one side by a river. A farmer wants to enclose the other three sides of the field with fence in order to create a rectangular plot of land for his cows. If the farmer has 400m of fence to work with, determine the maximum possible area of the field and the ...

*May 7, 2014 by Sarah*

**calculus**

A landscape architect wishes to enclose a rectangular garden on one side by a brick wall costing $30/ft and on the other three sides by a metal fence costing $20/ft. If the area of the garden is 2,000 ft2, find the dimensions of the garden that minimize the cost. ?= (ft of ...

*October 26, 2010 by Anonymous*

**Algebra**

We are studying quadratic functions. Suppose you have 80 feet of fence to enclose a rectangular garden. The function A= 40x-x2 gives you the area of the garden in square feet where x is the width in feet. What width gives you the maximum gardening area?

*April 3, 2013 by Britney*

**Math (shown work, please help check)**

Miss B. built a vegetable garden in her backyard. Her rectangular garden was 11m by 9m. Every morning she would notice carrots missing from her garden! In order to keep Bugs Bunny from eating all her carrots, she built a fence surrounding them. This fence had a total perimeter...

*February 28, 2012 by Kevin*

**math**

Betty bought 105 ft of fencing to enclose a vegetable garden in her backyard. The garden is to be a rectangle, twice as long as it is wide, with a fence across the middle parallel to the width. What should be the dimension of the garden in feet?

*March 16, 2010 by Bank*

**Pre-Algerbra**

Someone help explain? Justin wants to use 188 ft of fencing to fence off the greatest possible rectangular area for a garden. What dimensions should he use? What will be the area of the garden? ~ A. 89 ´ 99 ; 8811 ft B. 92 ´ 96 ; 8832 ft C. 94 ´ 94 ; 8836 ft D. 93 ´ 95 ; ...

*October 17, 2012 by Layla*

**Year 10 Algebra**

A farmer is building a rectangular garden bed next to a river and has 8 metres worth of fence line to fence it off. I understand that the equation of this would be: A = w(8 - 2w) However, I am unsure what to do next

*September 11, 2014 by Stacy*

**Unknow**

A man has a rectangular garden. One length of the garden lies along a patio wall. However the rest of the garden is enclosed by 32 feet of fencing. If the length of the garden is twice its width, what is the area of the garden.

*March 27, 2013 by Lee*

**math**

a person has a rectangular garden one length of the garden lies along the patio wall. however the rest of the garden is enclosed by 30 ft of fencing. if the length of the garden is three times its width, what is the area of the garden

*February 17, 2016 by Jaimi*

**Math**

Kate wants to build a fence around her garden to prevent rabbits from eating her vegetables. The rabbit fencing costs $7.50 per metre. How much will it cost to enclose a square garden with an area of 144 m2?

*July 15, 2015 by Astrid*

**math**

zack is planning to make a flower garden he has 24 one yard sections of fence that he plans to place around garden he wants the garden to be aas long as possible what longest length he can use for the garden how wide will the garden be is this area prerimeter or side length

*May 9, 2016 by aron*

**math: optimising**

I cant figure out this homework question! I need to use optimisation to find the answer but I cant work it out :( There is a rectangular garden which is in need of fencing. Three sides of the 30m wide garden are already fenced. You own an additional 20m of suitable fencing and...

*August 8, 2014 by Fredrick*

**geometry**

Serena has a square-shaped garden. She wants to put a fence around the outside of the garden. One side of the garden is 8 feet long. How many feet of fence will she need?

*March 30, 2011 by Terry*

**Math**

Serena has a square-shaped garden. She wants to put a fence around the outside of the garden. One side of the garden is 8 feet long. How many feet of fence will she need?

*February 28, 2013 by Charles*

**algebra**

A farmer wishes to fence in 3 different breeds of animals in a rectangular area and keep all the breeds in separate areas. If the farmer has 144 feet of fence what is the maximum area he can fence in? Type in your answer to the nearest whole number

*March 2, 2015 by Nikalina*

**math perimeter**

susans garden fence goes around the entire garden.the fence is a quadrilateral.all of the sides are equal in lenth.one side measures 15 cm. what is the perimeter of the garden

*December 6, 2012 by kim*

**Geometry**

Tirzah wants to put a fence around her garden. She has 22 yards of fence material. Does she have enough to go all the way around the garden? I put No, because she only has 11 5/12 of fence when 22 yards of fence is needed. Please give your opinion about my answer. T^T

*March 16, 2017 by Flowtana Ink*

**Math**

Sam is planning to put a fence around a circular garden in his lawn. The garden is 10 feet from end to end. If the total cost of a fence is $440, what is the unit price of fence per foot? (Use ð=227.)

*June 20, 2014 by Amy*

**Math **

Jose decided to make a vegetable garden in his rectangular backyard. The garden will be 25 ft. long and 12 ft wide. how many feet of fencing material will he need to surround the garden with a fence?

*February 28, 2017 by Kalvin Sandoval *

**Math**

The area of Mike's rectangular garden is 360 feet the garden is 12 feet wide what is the length of fencing mike need to buy in order to fence in the garden completely on all four sides

*January 12, 2016 by Sharlyn*

**5th grade math**

suppose you are building a fence for a garden in your yard. your yard is 50 ft wide and has an area of 500 square ft. your father has 88 feet of garden fencing,so your garden has to have a perimeter of 88 ft. how big an area would you set aside for your garden?

*August 28, 2013 by bosscat*

**MATH**

A farmer wants to fence a small rectangular yard next to a barn. Fence for side parallel to the barn will cost 50 per foot and the fence for the other two sides will cost20 per foot. The farmer has a total of 2000 dollars to spend on the project. Find the dimensions for the ...

*October 23, 2016 by LAY*

**Math: Calculus**

A fence is to be built to enclose a rectangular area of 230 square feet. The fence along three sides is to be made of material that costs 5 dollars per foot, and the material for the fourth side costs 15 dollars per foot. Find the dimensions of the enclosure that is most ...

*November 1, 2010 by REALLY NEED HELP!!!*

**College Algebra**

A farmer wants to build a rectangular fence using the side of his barn as one side. He has 200 yards of fencing available. Find the maximum possible area he can enclose with the fence.

*February 21, 2011 by Anonymous*

**Math**

Mr. Rogers wants to fence in a rectangular garden next to a straight section of the Scioto River. He has 330 feet of fencing to do the entire job. He doesn’t need fencing along the river, and there is a 4.5 foot wide clearance for a gate at one end. What are the dimensions ...

*March 10, 2012 by Sandy*

**math**

a farmer is building a fence around his yard. one side of the fence will be the side of his barn , the other three sides will be made of wood. He has enough materials for 120m of fence, what is the maximum area he can enclose ? what are the dimensions which give this area

*May 14, 2011 by melissa*

**math**

a farmer is building a fence around his yard. one side of the fence will be the side of his barn , the other three sides will be made of wood. He has enough materials for 120m of fence, what is the maximum area he can enclose ? what are the dimensions which give this area

*May 15, 2011 by melissa*

**calcus/ math**

Nick has enough wire to construct a 100m of fence. he wish to use it to form three sides of a rectangular garden,one side is along his building. 1)What dimensions should be choose in order to enclose the largest possible area? 2)Verify the result thus obtained by graphical ...

*December 28, 2010 by Jessy*

**Algebra 2**

2. a farmer has 400 meters of fence with which to enclose a portion of land. the farmer wants to enclose a rectangular piece of ground that is as large as possible. the land is bordered by water on two sides. There are three options for the farmer Option 1) have two sides ...

*May 30, 2014 by monni*

**Math**

Tiffany is constructing a fence around a rectangular tennis court. She must use 300 feet of fencing. The fence must enclose all four sides of the court. Regulation states that the length of the fence enclosure must be at least 80 feet and the width must be at least 40 feet. ...

*July 2, 2015 by Lily*

**Algebra**

A rectangular garden is fenced on three sides with wall forming the fourth side. The total length of the fence is 120m. The ares of the garden is 1600 m(squared). Find the dimensions of the garden.

*January 29, 2013 by Karen*