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Posts by rfvv

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English
1. Being poor, he was always happy. 2. Being ill, he played football. 3. Being rich, he was not happy. 4. Though he was poor, he was always happy. 5. Though he was ill, he played football. 6. Though he was rich, he was not happy. 1=>4, 2=>5, 3=>6...

English
1. I called my brother, walking along the river. 2. I called my brother while I was walking along the river. 3. I called my brother while I walked along the river. -------------------- Which one is closer to #1 in meaning, #2 or #3?

English
1. Being ill, he played football. 2. Although he was ill, he played football. ( #1 is incorrect. #2 is right. We cannot change #2 into #1. Is that right? Where can we find the explanation about that?) 3. Being ill, he couldn't go to school. 4. Because he was ill, he couldn...

English
Hello. I'd like to know about the use of the verb like. 1. I like you to go there. 2. I like you going there 3. I like you go there. ---------------------------- Which one is grammatical? ================================ 4. I'd like you to got there. 5. I'd like ...

Englsih
1. He bade the boy (to) work on the farm. 2. He ordered the boy to work on the farm. 3. He told the boy to work on the farm. ---------------------- Q1: Does #1 mean #2 or #3? Can we use both 'to work' and 'work' in Sentence 1?

English
1. Complete the sentences by using the words in the parenthesis. 2. Complete the sentences by using the words in the parentheses. --------------------------- Which one is right? Do we have to use the singular form or the plural form at the end of each sentence?

English
1. He is knocking on the door. 2. He is knocking at the door. 3. He is knocking (on the door) at the door. ----------------- Which one is right? Are both okay? Do both have a different meaning? Doe #2 mean #3?

English
1. People posted a lot of comments on my blog. 2. People uploaded a lot of comments on my blog. --------------------------- Can we use both verbs? Which one is right?

English
2. Jenny is in the coffee shop, drinking coffee. 2-2. Jenny is in the coffee shop and drinking coffee. 2-3. Jenny is in the coffee shop and is drinking coffee. 2-4. Jenny is in the coffee shop and she is drinking coffee. ----------------- What about the sentences? Are they all...

English
1. She played the piano, singing a song. 1-2. She played the piano and sang a song. 2. Jenny is in the coffee shop, drinking coffee. 2-2. Jenny is in the coffee shop and drinking coffee. 3. Mike is standing there, listening to music. 3-2. Mike is standing there and listening ...

English
1. Being sick, he didn't go to school. 2. Because he was sick, he didn't go to school. (Can we use both expressions? Are they the same?) 3. Being sick, he went out to play soccer. 4. Though he was sick, he went out to play soccer. (What about these two sentences? Can ...

English
1. I had this radio fixed by the repairman. 2. I let this doll played by the boy. 3. I bade this work done by the man. 4. I helped my homework done by him. 5. I made this house built by the construction workers. ------------------------------ Are they all grammatical? Past ...

English
1. You broke your computer? 2. Did you break your computer? ---------------------- Does #1 mean #2? What is the difference between them?

English
Smells bad. Do you mind if I open the window? - I'm sorry but I do. I have a cold. ................................ What is the full form of 'Smells bad'? 1. It smells bad. 2. That smells bad. 3. ____ smells bad. Do you sometimes use the expression "Smells bad...

English
Hi, can I speak to Tom? - Just a moment! I'll get him. -------------------------- This is a telephone conversation. What is the meaning of the last sentence? What is the meaning of the verb 'get'? 1. I'll bring him. 2. I'll fetch him. 3. I'll take him. ...

English
1. He smiled brightly, and he extended his hand.(simultaneous situation) 2. He smiled brightly, and he extended his hand at the same time.(simultaneous situation) 3. He smiled brightly, and then he extended his hand. (not simultaneous situation) 4. After he smiled brightly, he...

English
I checked the pronunciation of 'upload' in some dictionaries. I could find several ones. How do we pronounce 'upload'? When upload is used as a verb, do we put the primary stress on the second syllable? Do we put the primary stress on the first syllable when...

English
1. This morning, I walked to school, feeling embarrassed. 2. This morning, I walked to school, while I was feeling embarrassed. 3. This morning, I walked to school, while I felt embarrassed. 4. This morning, I walked to school, and I felt embarrassed. 5. This morning, I walked...

English
1. She found her photo with a lot of comments, making fun of her pose. 2. She found her photo with a lot of comments, which were making fun of her pose. 3. She found her photo with a lot of comments, which made fun of her pose. 4. She found her photo with a lot of comments, ...

English
1. She uploaded the pictures on her school website. 2. She uploaded the pictures to her school website. (Which preposition do we have to use, 'on' or 'to'? Are both okay?) 3. Some students posted a lot of unkind comments, making fun of my pose. 4. Some students...

English
1. We had a lot of fun, taking pictures with Mina's camera. 2. We had a lot of fun, while we were taking pictures with Mina's camera. 3. We had a lot of fun, while we took pictures with Mina's camera. (Which one is similar to #1, #2 or #3? Are they all the same? Do...

English
Thank you very much for your help. Here go some more sentences related to participal construction. 1. He was standing there, and he closed his eyes. (Did he close his eyes later? Or was two actions done at the same time?) 2. He was standing there, closing his eyes. 3. He was ...

English
1. I shall be lonely with you away. 2. I shall be lonely if you are away. (Does #1 mean #2 in meaning?) 3. She smiled brightly, extending her hand. 4. She smiled brightly while she extended her hand. 5. She smiled brightly and she extended her hand. 6. She smiled brightly and ...

English
1. As he was young, he liked playing soccer. 2. When he was young, he liked playing soccer. 3. Because he was young, he liked playing soccer. 4. As he was young, he couldn't work at a company. 5. When he was young, he couldn't work at a company. 6. Because he was young...

English
1. Walking along the street, I met her. 2. When I was walking along the street, I met her. 3. When I walked along the street, I met her. * 4. Being walking along the street, I met her. -------------------------- Does #1 mean #2 or #3? Which one is close to #1? Is #4 ...

English
Yes. It's the past tense.

English
1. I read comic books, eating some snacks. 2. I read comic books while /as I ate some snacks. 3. I read comic books and ate some snacks. 4. I read comic books and ate some snacks at the same time. ---------------------------------- Are they all the same and grammatical? Does #...

English
1. When I meet her, I will be very glad. 2. If I meet her, I will be very glad. 3. As I meet her, I will be very glad. 4. Because I meet her, I will be very glad. 5. Because I will meet her, I will be very glad. --------------------------- Are they all grammatical? Which one ...

English
1. Looking out the window, a good idea occurred to me. 2. Running along the road, a giant bear came out from the trees. 3. Walking in the park, a boy was jumping on and on. --------------------- Would you look at the sentences above? Are they okay in everyday conversation? Or ...

English
1. Don't tell anyone about it. It's a top secret. ----------------------- If we want to talk about the next valuable secret, what expression can we use? 2. It's a second top secret. 3. It's the next top secret. 4. It's a second class secret. (Do we have to ...

English
1. When the dog saw me, he wagged his tail. 2. When he saw me, the dog wagged his tail. -------------------------- Which one is grammatical? Are both ok?

English
1. spend: to use money to buy or pay for something 2. spend: use money to buy or pay for something --------------------------------- word: definition (Why is 'to...' used in a dictionary for the definition of each word? What about #2? Can we use as in #2 as the ...

English
1. Describe what Sonya does at the dacha. 2. What does Sonya do at the dacha? 3. Write down what Sonya does at the dacha. 4. Write more than 7 sentences, describing the things that Sonya does at the dacha. 5. Write down more than 7 sentences about Sonya based on the reading ...

English
1. Describe what Sonya does at the dacha. 2. What does Sonya do at the dacha? 3. Write down what Sonya does at the dacha. 4. Write more than 7 sentences, describing the things that Sonya does at the dacha. ---------------- Which ones are suitable for a title?

English
1. Saying hey, the foreigner walked toward me. 2. The foreigner walked toward me, saying hey. 3. The foreigner, saying hey, walked toward me. (Are they all grammatical?) 4. When I was given the mug, I felt happy. 4-2. Given the mug, I felt happy. 5. Because it was written in ...

English
1. A kind girl, she was loved by all. 2. Because she was a kind girl, she was loved by all. --------------- Does #1 mean #2? Or in #1, is "A kind girl" in apposition with "she"? 3. As it was rainy, I had to stay at home. 4. It being rainy, I had to stay at ...

English
1. She stood there, and she closed her eyes. 2. She stood there, closing her eyes. 3. She stood there, with her eyes closed. 4. While she stood there, she closed her eyes. 5. While she closed her eyes, she stood there. ------------------ Are the five sentences all the same in ...

English
1. She has a piano. 2. She has two pianos. 3. She has a pianoforte. 4. She has two pianofortes. -------------------------------- Are they all grammatical? Do you use #3? What about the plural form of 'pianoforte'? Do you use #4?

English
1. I want my photo to be deleted by you. 2. I want my photo deleted by you. (Are both grammatical? Which one is a common one?) 3. He hung the picture on the wall. 4. The criminal was hanged at the prison last year. (Are both okay?) 5. Make your message clear. 6. You should be ...

English
1. The fact that he died suddenly is unbelievable. 2. I like the idea that people can live on Mars in the future. 3. I had the feeling that he was very nice. 4. It is difficult to get the chance that you can be employed at the company. --------------------------- Are they all ...

English
1. He is one of the greatest men that have ever lived in America. (Is this sentence right? What does 'America' mean? Does America mean the USA or South America and North America?) 2. Which person is the man that/which you want to meet? (Can we use either 'that'...

English
1. With night coming on, we started for home. 2. Because night came on, we started for home. 3. Night came on, and we started for home. -------------------------- Q1: Does #1 mean #2 or #3? Q2: What is the meaning of 'com on'? What are similar words in mening?

English
1. Waiting for him, I read a fashion magazine. 1-2. As I waited for him, I read a hion magazine. (Are both the same?) 2. To wait for him, I read a fashion magazine. 2-1. I read a fashion magazine so that I waited for him. (Are both the same?) --------------------------- Are ...

English
1. I made funny poses, imitating monkeys. 2. I made funny poses, to imitate monkeys. 3. I made funny poses to imitate monkeys. ========================= Is #2 or #3 grammatical? What is the difference between #1 and #3?

English
1. I don't understand why you're upset. 2. I don't understand why you'r crazy. --------------------------- Are both similar in meaning? ===================================== 3. I pased you message on to my mother. 4. I pased you message to my mother...

English
1. Who allowed you to come in here? ------------------- Is 'in' an adverb or a preposition? Is 'here' a noun or an adverb? ==================================== 2. Do not drive, sending text messages. 3. Do not drive and send text messages. 4. Do not drive while...

English
Hi, may I speak to David? - Just a moment! I'll get him. --------------------- In this telephone conversation, what does 'get' mean? Bring, catch, etc?

English
1. They drilled through several layers of rock to reach the oil. 2. They drilled through several layers of a rock to reach the oil. 3. They drilled through several layers of rocks to reach the oil. ========================= Which one is right? Do we have to use 'rock,'...

English
1. Designed by her, the bag is popular these days. 1-2. Being designed by her, the bag is popular these days. 2. Because it was designed by her, the bag is popular these days. 3. Because the bag was designed by her, it is popular these days. ------------------------- Can #1 be...

English
1. He got the boy to open the door. 2. The boy was gotten to open the door. 3. The boy was made to open the door. 4. The boy was asked to open the door. ------------------------------- Which one is similar to #1? Are they all grammatical?

English
1. Some ideas still seem to be a long way off. 2. Some ideas still seem to be far off. 3. The town is a long way off. 4. The town is far off. ============== Can we use 'far' instead of 'a long way'? What other expressions can we use instead of 'a long way&#...

English
1. I awoke to find myself famous. 2. I woke up to find myself famous. 3. I awoke and found myself famous. 4. I woke up and found myself famous. -------------- Are they all the same and grammatical?

English
1. People have always imagined ...... 2. What would it be like to live in the future? 3. What will it be like to live in the future? 4. What is it like to live in the future? 1+2. People have always imagined what it would be like to live in the future. 1+3. People have always ...

English
1. You will have to go there, won't you? 2. You must solve the problem, mustn't you? 3. You shall leave for the city, shan't you? 4. Jacob had better go there, hadn't he? 5. Emily should have come earlier, shouldn't she? ----------------- Are the tag ...

English
1. When this had been done, he appeared to be satisfied. 2. This having been done, he appeared to be satisfied. 3. This done, he appeared to be satisfied. ----------------------------- Can we use all the expressions? Are they the same? 4. When our dinner was over, we went out ...

English
1. When school was over, we went home. 2. School being over, we went home. 3. School over, we went home. --------------------------- #1 can be changed into #2, right? What about #3? Can we use #3?

English
1. I walked to school, feeling embarrassed. 2. I walked to school, and I felt embarrassed. 2-2. I walked to school, and felt embarrassed. 2-3. I walked to school and I felt embarrassed. 3. I walked to school, while I felt embarrassed. 3-2. I walked to school while I felt ...

English
1. He takes after his father. 2. He resembles his father. 3. He is similar to his father. 4. He looks like his father. (Are they all the same in meaning? Do you have other similar expressions) 5. Let's discuss the matter. 6. Let's talk over the matter. 7. Let's ...

English
1. There were lots of poor people in the mid 1900s. 2. There were lots of poor people in the mid-1900s. (Are both grammatical?)

English
1. Do you know? Who is the tallest student? 2. Do you know who the tallest person is? 3. Do you know who is the tallest person? ---------------------------- In #1, there are two sentences. When they are combined, which one is correct, #2 or #3?

English
1. I ate a piece of banana(s). 2. I ate some pieces of banana(s). 3. I handed two pieces of apple(s) to the boy. ------------------------------ Do we have to use a singular noun or a plural noun in each sentence?

English
1. Sam and I made a pose like the model. 2. Sam and I made poses like the model. 3. Sam and I made poses like models. =============================== Which ones are correct? Does #1 mean that they made the same pose like the model? Does #2 mean they made two poses like two of ...

English
1. I'm a power blogger, so I try to upload postings and pictures every day. 2. I'm a powerful blogger, so I try to upload postings and pictures every day. --------------------- Q1: Can we use 'powerful' in place of 'power'? Q2: What does 'postings&#...

English
1. He took a picture of the mountain. 1-1. He took two picture of the mountain. 2. He took pictures of the mountain. 3. He took many pictures of the mountain. 4. Will you take a picture of us? -------------------------------- Q1: Are they all grammatical? Q2: Does #1 mean that...

English
1. She pulled him gently towards her. 2. She pulled him gently towards herself. ------------------------ Can we use both expressions? In Sentence 2, a reflexive pronoun is used. Is #2 correct?

English
1. She spoke in a very loud voice. 2. She spoke in a very high voice. 3. She spoke in a very low voice. 4. She spoke in a very soft voice. 5. She spoke with a very loud voice. ----------------------------------- Does #1 mean #2? Can we use both #3 and #4? What about #5? Can we...

English
1. However hard you may study, you can not get a good point. 2. However hard you may study, you can not get a good grade. 3. However hard you may study, you can not get good points on the exams. 4. However hard you may study, you can not get good grades on the exams. 5. ...

English
1. I got out of my car to check the engine. 2. I got off my car to check the engine. (Are both the same? In #2, what is the part of speech of 'off'? Is 'off' an adverb or a preposition?) 3. I got out of my car to check the engine. 4. I got out of my car to ...

English
1. You had better not follow his advice. 2. You had better not obey his advice. 3. You had better not take his advice. 4. You had better not accept his advice. ------------------------------ Does #1 mean #2? Are both the same in meaning? What about #3 and #4? Are both similar?

English
1. He has less money than Tom. 2. Tom has more money than he. 3. He has less time than Tom. 4. Tom has more time than he. 5. He has less water than Tom. 6. Tom has more water than he. 7. He has less rice than Tom. 8. Tom has more rice than he...

English
1. He is less tall than Tom. 2. Tom is taller than he. 3. He is less smart than Tom. 4. Tom is smarter than he. 5. He is less big than Tom. 6. Tom is bigger than he. 7. He is less careful than Tom. 8. Tom is more careful than he. 9. He is no thoughtful than Tom. 10. Tom is ...

English
1. Let's go around this area once more. 2. Let's walk around this area once more. 3. Let's get around this area once more. 4. Let's detour this area once more. -------------------- Do they have the same meaning? Can we use #3? Does #1 have the same meaning as #4?

English
1. Eli shared his chocolate with the other kids. ===================== Does this sentence mean #2 or #3? Did he or the others eat chocholate? 2. Eli just gave some chocolate to the other kids. 3. Eli gave some chocolate to the other kids and ate chocolate together with them

English
1. Your name has been deleted from the list. 2. Your name has been deleted out of the list. 3. Your name has been ________ from the list. ============================= Can we use 'out of' instead of 'from'? What other past participles can we use in place of &#...

English
1. I want to eat the bread and butter. 2. Give me a needle and thread. 3. Look at the cup and saucer. 4. Look at a cup and saucer. ------------------- Are they all correct?

English
1. Look at the red and white roses over there. 2. Look at the red and the white roses over there. ------------------------------------- What is the difference between them? The following are my explanations. Are my explanations right? 1. All the roses are red and white. There ...

English
1. There is a black and white dog on the road. 2. There are a black and a white dog on the road. 3. There are a black and white dogs on the road. --------------------------- Are they grammatical? Which ones are grammatical?

English
1. I'm usually above the river or road. 2. I'm usually above the river or the road. ------------------- Which one is the better of the two? Do we have to omit the 'the' before 'road' in the sentence?

English
In Sentence 1, 'all his classmates" doesn't include the subject 'He.' So is this sentence logical or correct?

English
1. He has the least money of all his classmates. 2. He has the least money of all the boys in his class. 3. He has the least money of all the boys in his classroom. -------------------------- Are they all grammatical? Is #1 logically incorrect?

English
1. All of a sudden a funny thing happened. 2. All of sudden a funny thing happened. ---------------------- Can we omit 'a' before 'sudden'? 3. detour (Do we stress the first syllable? Can we stress the second syllable?) 4. I have little money. 5. I have less ...

English
The truck got stuck under a bridge. The bridge was not high, so when it was passing under the bridge, it got stuck. It wouldn't move. The best way was to let the air out of the tires to lower the truck. "Them" refers to the tires.

English
1. The truck will come down with less air in them. 2. The truck will come down if there is less air in them. 3. The truck will come down and less air will be in them. 4. The truck will come down, less air being in them. (*Them refers to the tires...

English
1. When I'm worried about something, I follow my parents' advice. 2. When I'm worried about something, I obey my parents' advice. 3. When I'm worried about something, I take my parents' advice. 4. When I'm worried about something, I ____________ my ...

English
1. The mountain is so high. We had better go for it. 1-1. The mountain is so high. We had better not go for it. 2. The mountain is so high. We had better go from it. 3. The mountain is so high. We had better go away from it. 4. The mountain is so high. We had better go around ...

English
1. The sign on the bridge said, "Danger! Low bridge." 2. The sign on the bridge said "Danger! Low bridge." ---------------------- Which one is correct? Do we have to put a comma after 'said'? Or are both okay?

English
1. Let me in. 2. Let me into. 3. Let me in the group. 3-1. Let me be in the group. 4. Let me into the group. 4-2. Let me go into the group. 5. Let me out. 6. Let me out of the room. 7. Let me be out of the room. 7-1. Let me go out of the room. ---------------------------- ...

English
The President detoured to Chicago for a special meeting. -------------------------------- What does the sentence above mean, #1 or #2? Is the special meeting in Chicago or anywhere else? 1. The President visited Chicago on the way to the White House to have a special meeting ...

English
1. I need a small passport photo. 2. I need a small passport photograph. 3. I need a small passport picture. --------------------------- Can we use all the words at the end? Is #1 the most common expression?

English
He was the last man to be hanged for murder in this country. (corrected)

English
He was the last man to be hangs for murder in this country. -------------------- In this sentence what is the meaning of 'for'? Does 'for' refer to 'reason' or 'relation', or else?

English
1. They made a pose like a model. 2. They made poses like models. *2-1. They made poses like a model. *2-2. They made a pose like models. 3. They made a mistake. 4. They made mistakes. 5. They made a card for Mom. 6. They made cards for Mom.

English
1. They made a pose like a model. 2. They made poses like models. *2-1. They made poses like a model. *2-2. They made a pose like models. 3. They made a mistake. 4. They made mistakes. 5. They made a card for Mom. 6. They made cards Mom. --------------------------- (Can we use...

English
1. No few students were present at the meeting. 2. Not a few students were present at the meeting. 3. Quite a few students were present at the meeting. ------------------------- Are they all the same in meaning? ============================= 4. I have no little money. 5. I ...

English
1. Parrots imitate human speech. 2. Parrots mimic human speech. 3. Parrots copy human speech. ----------------------------- Do they have the same meaning? 4. Can I ask you to take a picture of us? 5. Can I ask you to take a photo of us? 6. Can I ask you to take a photograph of...

English
1. Why did you upload my pictures? I want you to delete them now. ----------------------- Q1: Where do we give the primary stress on the verb 'upload,' on the first syllable or on the second syllable? Q2: Can we substitute 'erase' for 'delete'? What ...

English
1. They made too many noises in the laboratory. 2. The boy made too much noise in the library, so he was sent out by the libriarian. 3. She woke up because of a lot of noise from outside. 4. He could not sleep well because a lot of noises from outside disturbed him...

English
1. People got out of their cars and helped the driver. 2. People went out of their cars and helped the driver. 3. People came out of their cars and helped the driver. ------------------------------- Are they all the same in meaning? Can we use 'went' and 'came'...

English
1. Don 't hang up. Hold on, please. 2. Don't hang up. Hang on, plese. (Can we use 'Hang on' instead of "Hold on' in telephone conversation?) 3. He and I made poses like models. 4. He and I made a pose like models. (Which one is correct? Do we have to ...

English
website: an area on the Web where information about a particular subject, organization, etc. can be found ------------------------------ What does the where clause modify, 'an area' or 'the Web'?

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