Cannot sketch on these posts. Z = (score-mean)/SD Find table in the back of your statistics text labeled something like "areas under normal distribution" to find the proportions/probabilities related to the Z scores.
What type of mutations are you referring to? Dominant? Recessive? Other?
1. B 2. B
Where is your data?
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Z = (mean1 - mean2)/standard error (SE) of difference between means SEdiff = √(SEmean1^2 + SEmean2^2) SEm = SD/√n If only one SD is provided, you can use just that to determine SEdiff. Find table in the back of your statistics text labeled something like "area...
College Algebra (?)
What line? Graphics cannot be posted.
Null hypotheses propose no effect.
Please only post your questions once. Repeating posts will not get a quicker response. In addition, it wastes our time looking over reposts that have already been answered in another post. Thank you. See your later post.