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Posts by MathMate

Total # Posts: 11,748

Math
Total reading time: 8/9 World news: 1/4 of 8/9 = (1/4)*(8/9)=2/9 Remaining time = 8/9 - 2/9 =(8-2)/9=6/9 Half of remaining time = (1/2) 6/9 = 3/9 =1/3 h.

Advanced Algebra
Think of how many ways you can choose a chairman (10), vice-chairman (9 remaining people), secretary(8), treasurer (7). Multiply them together using the product rule, and the product is 10*9*8*7 =10*9*8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1/(6*5*4*3*2*1) =10!/(10-4)!

math
where μ represents the frequency of occurrence (success) within a given time period (week). In this case, failure is considered "success". so μ =3 "successes" / 20 weeks =3/20 By definition of the Poisson distribution, P(x;μ)=e-μμx/x! where x...

math
The outcomes are X={0,1,2,3}, with probabilities P(x)=(1/8)x!/(3!(3-x)!) The mean, or expected value E[X]=ΣxP(x) =Σ(0*(1/8)+1*(3/8)+2*(3/8)+3*(1/8)) =12/8 =3/2

French
The apostrophe would be used when some letter is dropped, and in some cases only. For example, il faut que elle... would be shortened to il faut qu'elle... because phonetically it is difficult and unpleasant to read the two vowels one after another. It is perfectly ...

French
A. Your answer is very close, except that the qu' is part of the Est-ce que...., and should be eliminated. The question reads: Boit-elle un apéritif? Note: (bois, bois, boit, buvez, buvez, boivent) However, the auxiliary verb vouloir must be maintained, so the ...

math(Discrete)
Translation into English: For all x which are integers, there exist y and z which also are integers, such that x=5y+7z. Is the above statement true? Give it a few tries: triplet means (x,y,z) (0,7,-5) is a solution (1,10,-7) is a solution (2,-1,1) is a solution (3,2,-1) is a ...

French
The French expression "venir de" is a special tense that means "just" (in temporal sense), or "a short while ago". Je viens de terminer mon travail (I just finised work). Il vient de me parler au téléphone. (He talked to me on the ...

Math Answer Check
Yes, that is correct, but try to understand why you do that by studying the unit circle.

Math Answer Check
cotangent: 1 secant: negative square root 2 cosecant: negative square root 2 *sin: square root 2 / 2 *cosine: square root 2 / 2 tan: 1 The terminal side lands in the third quadrant, where only tangent (and cotangent) is positive. So sine (cosec) and cosine (sec) are all ...

Algebra 2 (DIVIDEPOLYNOMIALS)
Here's a link for long division. http://www.purplemath.com/modules/polydiv2.htm Quite frequently we use synthetic division, with less writing to do: http://www.purplemath.com/modules/synthdiv.htm Hint: the given problem leaves no remainder.

Math
A reference angle is the positive acute angle between an angle and the horizontal axis. For the different possible cases, see: http://www.mathwarehouse.com/trigonometry/reference-angle/finding-reference-angle.php

Math
The first step is to convert one equation into the same form as the other. Most of the time, we would convert the second to the form of the first, i.e. x=-2-(2/3)y (parentheses added according to rules of BEMPAS, or PEDMAS. x+2=-(2/3)y Multiply by 3 on bothe sides 3x+6=-2y 6=-...

math
If Esi is always behind Becky, we have only 4 independent choices for each position. So for the first position, there are 4 choices, for the second, 3 choices left, then 2, then 1. The number of permutations is the product of the 4 numbers.

math
I'll solve the first one, and the second one can be solved similarly. (n-2)!/(n-3)! =(n-2)(n-3)!/(n-3!) =n-2 therefore n-2=15 => n=17 Check: (17-2)!/(17-3)!=15!/14!=15*14*...*1/(14*13*..*1) =15 checked ok.

French, foreign language
Don't know if you have read Ms Sue's and my comments, but here's the link: http://www.jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1426621380 Is the exercise corrected by hand or a computer? With a computer, you need to do exactly what it expects. I don't understand how it/he/she...

probability
9    10   11   `1 ********       ******** There is an overlap between the two periods. Since each individual function is uniform, the resulting f(x) is a step function such that: f(x): (1/4)/2 = 1/...

Calculus AB: Area Between Curves
hints: steps: 1. find the equation of the tangent line. The slope m of the line equals f'(-1), and passes through (-1,f(-1))=(-1,4)=(x1,y1). The equation of the line is then y-y1=m(x-x1), or g(x)=m(x-x1)+y1 Draw a sketch of f(x) and g(x) for your own information. 2. Find ...

Cal state
Number of seats in first row = 26 Number of seats in last row = 26+30-1=55 We can find the sum using Gauss's method: 26+27+28+.....+54+55=x 55+54+.....+28+27+26=x Add the two rows 81+81+.....81 (30 rows) = 2x 30*81 = 2x x=1215 seats

Maths
Yes, that is correct.

Maths
Given: S:M:L = 16:23:20 Total = £1180 Actual amounts for each S:M:L = (£1180/(16+23+20)*(16:23:20) =£(320:460:400) Marvin takes out £100, and Lucy puts in £x, so new ratio (8:9:12) = (320:360:400+x) If we multiply the left-hand side by 40, we get...

Math
Cost per litre = $x Number of litres bought = 500/x Number of litres sold, q = 500/x-5 new sale price per litre = x+2 Total revenue = q*(x+2) = 540 so (500/x -5 )*(x+2) = 540 Solve for x (cost of paint per litre) I'll get you started: Multiply both sides by x (500-5x)(x+2...

Math
Factor by grouping: 3x^2+5xy-2y^2 =3x²+6xy -(xy+2y²) =3x(x+2y)-y(x+2y) =(3x-y)(x+2y) =0 So either (3x-y)=0 or (x+2y)=0 Hence find the two possible values of x/y.

math
25% of a class of 40 means there are 0.25*40=10 girls. Let x new girls joined the class. total number of girls = 10+x total size of class = 40+x Given girls now make 40% of class, then (10+x)÷(40+x) = 0.40 Cross multiply and solve for x. Alternatively, solve by guess ...

Math
The future value FV can be calculated by summing payments and simplification using factorization: FV = S(1+(1+r)+(1+r)^2+...+(1+r)r^(n-1)) =S((1+r)^n-1)/((1+r)-1) =S((1+r)^n-1)/r FV=future value S=Semi-annual payment r=interest per period (6-months) n=number of periods (6-...

Algebra
fourth term: ar^4 7th term: ar^7 Let common ratio = r then 7th term / 4th term = ar^7/ar^4 = r³ therefore r = cube root of r³ Fifth term = fourth term * r

math
The first step in evaluating a limit would be to substitute the limiting value into the expression. If it evaluates to a valid number, that is the limit. Example: limit x->1 x²/x =1²/1 = 1 Since sinx/tanx + tanx.sinx ≡ 1/cos(x) so the limit is 1/cos(0)=1.

Math
Solve for x in 1500+0.04x=5000

Math - 7th grade (repost)
The number of CD's between Q1 and Q3 should be half of the total number of CD's. From the plot, you will not know how many cost less than $14.6, but since Q1 is 14.6, there are at most one quarter of the number of CD's cost less than $14.60. (One quarter of 12 CD&#...

Sum and Difference
Sum and difference problems are solved as follows: Larger number = (sum+difference)/2 Smaller number = (sum-difference)/2 So 1/p = (4+3/2)/2 = 11/4 p = 1/(11/4) = 4/11 I will leave it to you to do the smaller number (1/q).

maths
We are given x²+y²=137 (x-y)=7 this means 49=(x-y)² =x²-2xy+y² =x²+y²-2xy =137-2xy From 49=137-2xy can you solve for xy? The longer way: equation 1: x-y=7 equation 2: x²+y²=137 Now solve the non-linear system in x and y.

Math
Use law of exponents (ax)^b = a^b × x^b y=kx^3 y1=k(1.5x)³=k(1.5^3)x³=3.375kx³=...

math
There is an ambiguity in the question to be clarified about the interest rate. Generally annual interest is quoted. The wording of the question casts a doubt as to 7.2% is monthly or annual interest. Considering that 86.4% annual interest is illegal in some countries, 7.2% ...

Math - 7th grade
See later post

Math
You're welcome. Also note a correction is required: 0.02/5 = 0.004/1 < 0.01=1%

Math
Convert the given fraction to an equivalent fraction with either 1 or 100 as the denominator. We know that 1% = 1/100 = 0.01/1 So say, 0.2/5 = 0.004/1 < 0.01=1% 2/500 = 0.4/100 < 1/100 = 1% etc.

Repost, see previous discussions
http://www.jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1426619198

French, foreign language
Yes, you need to correct the sentences where the verb and complements do not agree. "Ce sont" is followed by a noun in plural, and "C'est" is followed by a singular noun. Examples: Ce sont des carottes. (Ce sont....plural) C'est un hamburger. (C'...

Math Help Me Please
Ouch! question says "Determine which ordered pair is not a solution of "

Math Help Me Please
substitute x (first number in parentheses) into the right-hand side of the equation and check if the value equals y (second number in parentheses). For example, let's check (9,-48) which is not taken from the choices: -5(9)-4=-45-4=-49 but -49 does not equal -48, so (9,-48...

Math
Question says: If not, then you lose your discount and you pay a 20% premium on the usage outside of that time. Check that you have calculated without the 15% discount.

Math
Since usage is greater outside the prescribed period, there will be a 20% premium for those kW-h. Can you please show us how you got $51.08?

Vectors
Yes, b is correct. Your method works well without having to memorize formulas. If the equations had been in the slope intercept form: y=-x+8 and y=-x then you could also calculate using distance = y-intercept difference / &radic(1²+(-1)²) =8/√2 =4√2

Vectors
Actually, the expression is the expanded form of (x+2)(y-3)=0 which by the zero-product property means x+2=0 => x=-2, or y-3=0 => y=3, or both of the above. So yes, (a) is correct.

Algebra 2
If you are working on polynomials, then binomial is a polynomial with 2 terms, for example, (x+4) is a binomial, or (x³ - 2x²) is a binomial. The first example is a binomial with a degree of 1 (highest power of the variable), and the second is a binomial of degree 3...

physics
The parallelogram of forces yields a triangle with vectors 10,15 and 20. where 20 is the resultant. The angle between the two vector is the supplement of the angle (between vectors 10 and 15) solved by the cosine rule. Draw the parallelogram of forces to understand why it is ...

physics
If the quarter circle has the radii horizontal and vertical, the difference in height equals the radius=1.6m. Neglecting friction and other dissipative forces, then conservation of energy holds, and so KE+PE=0,or (1/2)mv^2 + mg(h-h0)=0 Solve for v where h=0, h0=1.6m and g=9.81...

math
Very often the phrase "of the" means multiply. So he packed 1/3. 1/2 "of the" 1/3 were shipped, this means (1/2)*(1/3) = 1/6 were shipped.

Do you have a diagram?
It is not clear to me how M1 and M2 are related, are they linked vertically by a string, are they released at the same time?

Vectors
To Sara: I got 5/√2 as well. Perhaps it is time to check if there are typos in the question or the answer. Also, to print s∈R, you can write s & i s i n ; R, but skip the spaces.

Physics
Anne throws a ball horizontally... so the problem reduces to a free-fall over 50m. The equation Dy=-50m = V0t+(1/2)gt^2 will let you solve for the time to hit ground, and where v0=initial vertical velocity = 0, and g=acceleration due to gravity = -9.8 m/s² During this ...

calculus trigonometric substitution
You're ok so far. You only need to convert sin(u)cos(u)/54 back in terms of x, which should be x/(18x²+162). You can start by sin(u)cos(u)/54=cos^2(u)tan(u)/54 =3tan(u)/[162(sec²(u)) =...

EES
Hint: think of what you find in the kitchen.

computer applications
It would be much easier for you to open a spread sheet and try it out. I suggest you do some practical work because it will help you understand how it works, and it will help you recall the procedure in the future.

Vectors
Let's check: r1=(3,2,-1)+s<1,1,1> When s=0, r passes through the point (3,2,-1). Now check the product of the two direction vectors: <1,1,1> dot <1,1,-2> =1+1-2 =0 So the two lines are perpendicular and r1 satisfies the required conditions. Note: multiple...

engineering
Stress=σ=Force/Area Strain=ε=σ/E Change in length = ε*Length. Useful conversion factors 1 GPa = 10^9 Pa 1 kN = 10^3 N 1 m = 1000 mm Try to do calculations in standard units, namely kg, m, s.

programming
You can work on the flow-chart based on a pseudocode such as: enter ID, ID enter number of policies sold, N if N > 25 print ID, N endif

maths
1 pascal = 1 N/m² 1 MPa = 10^6 Pa Stress = Force /area, all in appropriate units. = 91*10^3 N / (π0.030²/4) m² Evaluate and convert to MPa.

engineering
1. find average acceleration, a Vi=0 S=(1/2)at^2 139 m =(1/2)a(8.7²) a=3.6729 m/s² 2. Find work done, W a. using F=ma, W = F*S = ma*S where m=1100 kg, S=139 m, a=3.6729 m/s² or b. using energy (neglect loss) final velocity, Vf = at where t=8.7 s final energy =(1...

Math
If we select 6 out of 300 subjects, we can assume that the probability remains approximately constant, thus use of the binomial distribution is applicable, where n=6 p=0.58 bin(6,0.58, 3) =C(6,3)*0.58^3*0.42^3 =0.2891 approximately To be more precise, we calculate the ...

stats
The question satisfies requirements for a binomial distribution, where n=10 p=1/2 Probability of r girls out of n =P(G=r) =(n, r)p^r (1-p)^(n-r) where (n,r)=combination n choose r = n!/(r!(n-r)!) For at least 2 girls out of 10, P(G>=2)=1-(P(G=0)+P(G=1)) 1-(1)(1)(1/1024)-(10...

Math
Expected value is the sum of the product of all possible outcomes and the respective probability. Example of rolling one six-sided die: Payout equals the number appearing on top face. expected value = 1*1/6+2*1/6+3*1/6+4*1/6+581/6+6*1/6 =3.5

Trigonometry
set sin²(x) = 1-cos²(x) 16(1-cos²(x))=16-8cos(x) and substitute c=cos(x) 16c²-8c=0 c(2c-1)=0 c=0 or c=1/2 Find all solutions for c=0 in [0,2π) and all solutions for c=1/2 in [0,2π). Substitute back the solution and check that they are valid.

Math
Tia, You may or may not realize that here there are tutors who answer 50 to 100 posts a day on a voluntary basis just in order to help students. Any repeated post may get read 8 times by 8 different tutors, and worse, could also end up with a duplicate answer which you may not...

statistics
To get the first number right is 1 out of 31 choices. For the second number, there are only 30 choices (five different numbers)... So the probability of getting all five numbers right would be: (1/31)(1/30)...(1/27).

calculus
Calculus question: Let x=length remaining below winch. and ρ=mass density Work done winding up a length of dx is equivalent to bringing the length dx up by a distance of x, i.e. dW=ρg xdx Integrate W=ρg∫xdx from 0 to L =ρg L²/2 Physics question: ...

STATS
Initially, 49 out of 55 returns do not contain errors. So probability of selecting the first (first trial) correct return is 49/55. After this, there are 48 correct returns out of 54, so....48/54 For all three trials to succeed, we multiply the probabilities of all three ...

statistics
The probability for at least one correct answer, P(X>=1) is the same as probability of not getting ALL wrong answers or 1-P(X=0). P(X=0) is getting every one wrong, with a probability of (1/2)^n, where n is the number of questions guessed.

chem
Note: 1L = 1000mL, so 100mL = 0.1L Use proportions: 3 mol are required to make 1 L of 3.0M solution. x mol are required to make 0.1 L of 3.0M solution. x=3 mol * 0.1L /(1L) =0.3 mol

statistics
Events: A=from store A B=from store B D=defective then probability of defective player given it is from store A: P(D|A)=P(D∩A)/P(A)=P(D∩A)/0.3=0.027 then probability of defective player given it is from store B: Solve for P(D∩A) P(D|B)=P(D∩B)/P(B)=P(D∩B)/0....

Physics (Tension and Springs)
          . T          .         .       . F-----       .     ...

Kinematic
Yes, Emily's approach will give the correct answer. You can also use another kinematics relation to solve for distance x: V1^2-V0^2=2ax where V1=final velocity = 0 V0=initial velocity = 12 m/s a=acceleration = -3 m/s² x=distance travelled in m.

Statistics
Exponential distribution has mean = λ where λ is the number of occurrences in a unit time, say one hour. So λ=60/15=4 The exponential probability distribution function is given by: P(T=t)=λe-λt and the cumulative distribution function: P(T<...

Calculus check
You're asking for minimum value of f'(x) for 0≤x≤6 where f(x)=6x²-x³. First we need to know if f'(x) is increasing, decreasing, or there's a minimum within [0,6]. We can find out by first finding f'(x)=12x-3x² Find critical points for f...

Calculus check
First step, substitute x=1 to get (x^3-1)/(x^2-1)=0/0 need to do something. Then since both numerator and denominator are factorizable readily, we have Limit (x->1) (x^3-1)/(x^2-1) =Limit(x->1) (x-1)(x^2+x+1)/[(x-1)(x+1)] =Limit(x->1) (x^2+x+1)/(x+1) since x≠1 =...

calculus
perhaps you have confused the answer with that of a different problem, the answer is not 3/2. Since putting in x=1 gives 0/0, you can either use d'Hôpital's rule, or simply multiply by the conjugate (sqrt(x)+1) of the numerator to create the common factor (x-1). ...

Calculus
f'(x)=sin(x) then by the derivative of trig functions, f(x)=-cos(x)+C Now solve for C in f(π)=-cos(π)+C=3

Please check my Calculus
It would help you if you say why you chose B. An inflection point is the point (x,f(x)) such that f"(x) [i.e. second derivative) equals zero. f(x)=x^n f'(x)=nx^(n-1) f"(x)=n(n-1)x^(n-2) So solve for f"(x)=0 when n is odd, say n=3, 5, 7... and solve for f&...

Calculus check
The slope is f'(x)=d/dx(tan2x)=2sec²(2x) so evaluate f'(pi/8) and make your choice again!

MATH EQUATIONS
1. S=(-7,-4) 4(-7)= 28≠-10 =2(-4)-2 so S is incorrect. 2. S=(-1,4) (-1)+2(4)=7 = 7 3(-1)-2(4)=-11 = -11 Yes, S is correct 3. S=(4,12) 4(4)-3(12)=-20 =-20 5(4)-7(12)=-64 =-64 Yes, S is correct. 4. S=(2,1) 2(2)-5(1)=-3 ≠-1 So S is not correct.

Math - Equations
See your other post.

PHYSICS
E=mass of earth M=mass of moon D=distance between centres of earth and moon. r=distance from centre of the earth m=mass of a certain object of the experiment Using Newton's law of gravitation, F=GMm/r^2 G=gravitational constant then force due to earth Fe=GEm/r^2 force due ...

Calculus check
Hmm... Mean value says that (f(x2)-f(x1))/(x2-x1) = f(x0) where x0∈[x1,x2] (f(x2)-f(x1))/(x2-x1) = (5-7)/2 = -1 f'(x)=-3/x^2 f'(sqrt(3))=-3/3=-1, Yes, C is correct.

math
Set up a contingency table and work from there: Contingency table of probability -------------------------------- case (treated) (not treated) outcome dies...(1/10)....(7/10) lives...(9/10)....(?/10)

Calculus check revised.
Yes, B is correct, again using chain rule.

Calculus check
Yes, B is correct. f'(x) d(sin^2(3-x))/dx Apply chain rule =2sin(3-x) dsin(3-x)/dx =2sin(3-x)cos(3-x)d(3-x)/dx =-2sin(3-x)cos(3-x) Then calculate f'(0) from above.

Math
log(y-1)=-log(y-9) using the property of logarithms, log(x) = -log(1/x), then log(y-1)=log(1/(y-9)) take anti-log on both sides, y-1 = 1/(y-9) then solve for quadratic in y after cross-multiplication.

Statistics
What do you do when you have the third object to be placed and supposed to place in a box already filled with two object? You would skip that case. How many of these cases do we have?

Statistics
Assuming the 10 boxes are distinguishable or ordered. There are 10 ways to put the first item, 10 for the second, and 10 for the third. So by the multiplication rule, there are 10^3 ways to place the three objects.

math
If the y-coordinate of P is missing, you need to supply it. If it is not given, then use w to complete the problem. P(5,w),Q(-1,2), Mid-point: M((5-1)/2, (w+2)/2)=(Mx,My) Slope of PQ: m=(2-w)/(-1-5) slope of perpendicular: m'=-(-1-5)/(2-w)=6/(2-w) Perpendicular bisector ...

math
Rule for translation: (x,y)-> (x+h, y+k) Solve for h,k from (-2,3)->(10,10) (a) hence find the image Q' of Q. (b) if mp-nq=(-12,9), this means m(-2,3)-n(1,3)=(-12,9) Split into individual equations for x and y to get -2m-n = -12 3m-3n = 9 Solve for m,n.

physics
Vf^2-Vi^2=2aS a=acceleration/deceleration Vf=final velocity = 0 Vi=initial velocity = 50 or 100 S=distance travelled. By proportion, double the initial velocity, will quadruple the stopping distance, with the same Vf and a.

Physics
Assume fine wire has zero mass Newton law of gravitation Weight=mg=GMm/r^2 where units are in m, kg, seconds R1=6400000 (at top of tower) R2=(6400000-20)=6399980 (at bottom) M=6*10^24 G=6.673*10^(-11) Difference in weight =GMm(1/R1^2-1/R2^2) Evaluate. Hint: the difference is ...

mathematics
Hints: 1. Use basic laws of logarithm: log(a)+log(b)=log(ab) log(a)-log(b)=log(a/b) log(a^b)=b(log(a)) and use the fact that all the numeric values are powers of 2: 2^6=64 2^2=4 2^3=8 2^10=1024 2. I'll get you started: r^2s^2+3t^2+r^2t^2+3s^2 =(r^2s^2+r^2t^2)+(3t^2+3s^2 ) ...

Physics
Assuming the raft is navigating in fresh water with ρ=1. Archimedes principle of floatation says that the mass of a floating body equals the mass liquid displaced. So until the mass exceeds the mass of liquid (fresh water) displaced by the volume of the raft, it will float...

Probability
Total of (13+17+15+11)=56 balls, out of which 17 are orange and 11 are white. Assume no replacement of balls. The first orange: 17 out of 56 (17/56) The second orange: 16 out of 55 (16/55) The white: 11 out of 54 (11/54) The probability of pulling in the given order is the ...

Chemistry( I NEED HELP, PLEASE!!!!, IM DESPERATE)
You're welcome! :)

Chemistry( I NEED HELP, PLEASE!!!!, IM DESPERATE)
From the ratio of molar masses according to the equation, find the required mass of H2 for 45.9 g of CuO. If the required mass of H2 is greater than 2.57g, then the limiting reagent is H2. If the required mass of H2 is less than 2.56g, then the limiting reagent is CuO. MM for ...

statistics
Order is not important, so 5 ways to find a male, and 7 ways to find a female. Using the rule of multiplication, the number of ways to find a male and a female actor is 7*5=35 ways.

physics
Since it is braking, the acceleration is negative. Use the standard equation Vf^2-Vi^2=2(a)S where Vf = final velocity (=0) Vi = initial velocity (90 km/h=90*1000/3600=25 m/s) a=acceleration required (m/s^2) S=distance = 1.3 km = 1300 m 0^2-25^2=2(a)1300 Solve for a (in m/s^2)

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