# Posts by Hannah

Total # Posts: 3,347

1) The reaction: A + 3B = D + F was studied and the following mechanism was finally determined A+B=C (fast) C+B=D+E (slow) E+B=F (very fast) Which step has the largest activation energy? I chose the second step because it is slow and should have the most energy. Is this correct?

Chemistry
Im sorry. The point of the experiment was to show how changes in reactant concentration, temperature, and catalyst presence can affect the rate of a reaction. The reaction that we studied was H2O2 + 2I^- + 2H^+ -> I2 + 2H2O We had to set up 6 flasks each with and certain ...

Chemistry
I had to perform an experiment for rate of reaction. I have to calculate the concentration of Na2S2O3 in the reaction solutions based on the volume used in each reaction flask and the total volume calculated. There were five flasks used and for all 5 of them 2.50mL of Na2S2O3 ...

Chemistry
6.00 minutes 5 minutes 2 seconds 1 minute 32 seconds So 25.5 seconds / 60 = 0.4250. How can this be minutes?

Chemistry
I need to convert these 5 values of time into minutes. 1)1.07 1min 7 seconds 2) 6.00 3) 5.02 4) 1.32 5) 25.5 seconds The example that was given for conversion was 5 min 40 sec = 5.67min These are the values that I got after dividing by 60. 1) 1.07 = 1.12min 2) 6.00 = I didn&#...

ChemHelp
Chem Help! Limiting and excess reagent? Identify the limiting and excess reagent for each of the following scenarios involving the formation of silicone dioxide, SiO2. Please explain!!! Thank you! Si + O2 --> SiO2 a. 2 atoms of silicone and 2 molecules of oxygen gas b. 28.1...

Physical Science
Balance this equation: I2+HNO3 = HIO3+NO2+H2O

oh ok I understand thank you so much for all of your help!!!

After performing a freezing point depression experiment I had to find the molecular weight of glycol. Now I have to answer the question what value did I assume "i" to equal and why did I make this assumption. My teacher told us the value of i to use for this was 1. I...

Chemistry
I need to calculate the molecular mass of ehtylene glycol based on the freezing point depression. The teacher said that for glycol i=1 and to use the equation m=delta T / Kf X i Kf = -1.86C/m so I did -2.5C / -1.86 X 1 = 1.344 I know that 1.344 can't be the weight for ...

Chemistry
1) For a freezing point depression experiment we had to create an ice bath and add salt to the ice. I have to answer the question, why was salting the ice necessary in order to complete the experiment and how does this apply to the principles/concepts behind this experiment? ...

Physics
Suppose your power company charges \$1.00 per kWh as its power rate. (a) What is the power in kW for an air conditioner that pulls 5 A on your standard 115 V household circuit? (b) How much does it cost you to run your air conditioner for 12 hours?

Physics
what is the voltage acros a 60.0 resistor with a current of 3 1/3 a?

so for molality I got 1.344 then I did 1.344 = mols/0.10kg = 0.1344 Im not sure if I did this step right Then I did mm= g/mol 6.200 was the mass of the solute so mm=6.200 / 0.1344 = 46.13. I guess I made a mistake somewhere in my calculations because I thought that the mm of ...

Disregard question I understand now. I have to solve for mols.

the only info that I have is the mass of solute(g) and mass of solvent(kg) for glycol so im confused on what to use for mols?

I need to calculate the molecular mass of ehtylene glycol based on the freezing point depression. The teacher said that for glycol i=1 and to use the equation m=delta T / Kf X i Kf = -1.86C/m so I did -2.5C / -1.86 X 1 = 1.344 I know that 1.344 can't be the weight for ...

Nevermind, I made a mistake im sorry. Disregard the question.

Ok and for sucrose I did -4.5C = -1.86C/m X 0.1004 mol X i -4.5 = -0.1867i i =24 Can i be a big number like this?

Is it ok that "i" is negative?

I have to find the calculation of Van't Hoff factor "i" for NaCl and sucrose. The directions say to use the equation delta Tf = kf X m X i and to use Kf for water = -1.86C/m So I have the molality of NaCl and sucrose as well as delta Tf so for NaCl I plugged the ...

Chemistry
For 0.06697mol / 0.1kg = 0.6697 mol/kg does my answer have the correct amount of sig figs? Same for 0.1004mol / 0.1kg = 1.004mol/kg ?

Chemistry
had to perform an experiment for the freezing point depression in which we had to determine the frezzing points of water as a pure solvent, sodium chloride, sucrose, and ethylene glycol. We had to work with a partner so I completed the experiment for water, NaCl, and the ...

Chemistry(Thank you for helping)
1) Given this data in a study on how the rate of a reaction was affected by the concentration of the reactants Initial Rate, RUN # (A), M (B), M (C), M mol L-1 s-1 1 0.200 0.100 0.600 5.00 2 0.200 0.400 0.400 80.0 3 0.600 0.100 0.200 15.0 4 0.200 0.100 0.200 5.00 5 0.200 0.200...

Chemistry
I am trying to find th e# of moles of NaCl but I am not sure of the units. For my answer I get 0.0669. Should I leave it like this or do 6.69e-2?

Chemistry
Would it be k[XO]^2[O2] because second order is squared?

Chemistry
For the reaction, 2 XO + O2 = 2 X02, some data obtained from measurement of the initial rate of reaction at varying concentrations are given below. run # [XO] [O2] rate, mol L-ls-l 1 0.010 0.010 2.5 2 0.010 0.020 5.0 3 0.030 0.020 45.0 The rate law is therefore a. rate = k[XO]...

Chemistry
For both NaCl and sucrose we had to mix it with 100ml of water so for the mass of solvent (kg) I would do 100mL X 1.00g/mL = 100g and then to get kg I would divide by 1000 so 0.1kg. This would be the answer for sucrose as well. Is this correct?

Chemistry
so do I use the weight that I got for NaCl and multiply by 1.00g/mol? Or the solvent in this case is water and we used 100mL

Chemistry
Now I have to calculate the mass of solvent(kg) for both NaCl and Sucrose and I have to assume that the density of water is 1.00g/mol. I am not sure how to figure this out. I think you already answered this for me once but I cant find my original post with the answer. Im sorry.

Chemistry
Ok and the units I use would be degrees celsius correct?

Chemistry
ok so my freezing point for NaCl was -2.0 so I can do -2.0-(0.5)= -2.5 degrees celsius. My freezing point for DI water was positive 0.5. So delta T would be -2.5?

Chemistry
I had to perform an experiment for the freezing point depression in which we had to determine the frezzing points of water as a pure solvent, sodium chloride, sucrose, and ethylene glycol. We had to work with a partner so I completed the experiment for water, NaCl, and the ...

Chemistry
for my answer I get 0.0669. Should I leave it like this or do 6.69e-2?

Chemistry
I am trying to find th e# of moles of NaCl but I am not sure of the units. 3.914g NaCl / mm=58.44 so is it 3.914g/mol divided by 58.44g/mol = 0.0669moles. I am not sure how many significant figues to use.

Chemistry
Is this correct?

Chemistry
For the reaction, 2 XO + O2 = 2 X02, some data obtained from measurement of the initial rate of reaction at varying concentrations are given below. run # [XO] [O2] rate, mol L-ls-l 1 0.010 0.010 2.5 2 0.010 0.020 5.0 3 0.030 0.020 45.0 The rate law is therefore a. rate = k[XO...

8. The half-life of a reaction was found to be inversely dependent on the concentration of the starting material. Thus, we can say that a. the reaction is zero order b.the reaction is first order c.the reaction is second order d. the reaction starts out first order and changes...

The decomposition of an aldehyde solution in carbon tetrachloride is a first order reaction with a rate constant of 1.20 x 10-3 min-l. If we start with [aldehyde] = 0.0500 molar, what will the concentration be 150 minutes later? 1.20e-3(150) = 0.18 0.18(0.0500)=0.009M The ...

Chemistry
1)For the reaction, A = B + C, the rate law is k(A). If it takes 80.0 seconds for 70.0% of a 10.0 gram sample of A to be transformed into products, what is the value of the rate constant? I was going to do 80/10 = 8 and then 8 times .70 but im not sure this is correct.

Oh ok I did realize that. Now I got 0.0775M

The initial concentration of a reactant in a first order reaction is 0.620 molar. What will be its concentration after 3 half-lives? I did 0.620 -> 0.31 ->0.155 0.155M will be the concentration. Is this correct?

The common laboratory solvent diethyl ether (ether) is often used to purify substances dissolved in it. The vapor pressure of diethyl ether , CH3CH2OCH2CH3, is 463.57 mm Hg at 25oC. In a laboratory experiment, students synthesized a new compound and found that when 27.18 grams...

Disregard question.

I subtracted again and got 9.83. So do I set it up like this 453.74= Xether * 463.57

The vapor pressure of diethyl ether is 463.57 mm Hg at 25 degrees celsius. How many grams of aspirin C9H8O4, a non volatile nonelectrolyte (mw=180.1g/mol), must be added to 216.7g of ether to reduce the vapor pressure to 453.74 mm Hg. Ether=74.12g/mol so I did 463.57 - 453.74...

Chemistry
The vapor pressure of chloroform is 173.11 mm Hg at 25 degrees celsius. A nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte that dissolves in chloroform is aspirin. Calculate the vapor pressure of the solution at 25 degrees celsius when 6.243g of aspirin (180.1g/mol) are dissolved in 244.5g of ...

Chemistry
ok thank you!!!

Chemistry
I had to perform an experiment for the freezing point depression in which we had to determine the freezing points of water as a pure solvent, sodium chloride, sucrose, and ethylene glycol. We had to work with a partner so I completed the experiment for water, NaCl, and the ...

Chemistry
Bauxite ore contains aluminum oxide Al2O3(s) which is decomposed using electricity to produce aluminum metal and oxygen gas. What mass of aluminum metal can be procuced from 155g of aluminum oxide?

Chemistry
thank you!

Chemistry
1. Nitric oxide reacts with bromine gas at elevated temperatures according to the equation, 2 NO(g) + Br2(g) = 2 NOBr(g) The experimental rate law is rate = k[NO][Br2]. In a certain reaction mixture the rate of formation of NOBr(g) was found to be 4.50 x 10-4 mol L-l s-l. What...

Ok, thank you for your help!!

so then answers 2 and 3 are not correct?

So wouldn't a catalyst just speed up the rate too and not the rate constant?

Oh ok I understand, thank you.

I just thought that if the concentration was doubled there would be more molecular collisions which would increase the rate law. So only the first two are correct then?

1) The reaction A + B + C = products has a rate law rate = k times A times C squared. Which of the following will result in an increase in the rate constant for the reaction? #1 - increasing the temperature #2 - adding a catalyst #3 - doubling the concentration of reactant C I...

The units of a rate constant for zero, first, and second order reactions are given in the textbook. If the time units are minutes, what would you expect the units to be for a third order reaction? 1) 1/min^3 2) mol^2/L^2-min 3) L/mol-min^2 4) L^2/mol^2-min 5) L^2/mol^2-min^2 I...

Chemistry
so I did 463.57 - 453.74 = 7.600 Then I found moles of ether to be 4.0313. I do not understand the next step to find Xether.

Chemistry
The vapor pressure of diethyl ether is 463.57 mm Hg at 25 degrees celsius. How many grams of aspirin C9H8O4, a non volatile nonelectrolyte (mw=180.1g/mol), must be added to 216.7g of ether to reduce the vapor pressure to 453.74 mm Hg. Ether=74.12g/mol This question is similar ...

oh I understand you have to add them. Thank you.

Sorry I had to post the question using the word times but for some reason this site would not let me post the original equation using the brackets.

A reaction has a rate law, rate = k times A times B squared. What is the overall order of the reaction. I think that the order is 0. Is this correct?

Yes im sorry I am sort of confused. So is the total number of moles what they gave me in the problem, 6.243?

Yes it just says calculate the vp of the solution when aspirin is dissolved in the CHCl3. So then I do not have to calculate the moles/total moles?

So I would do 0.0346/180.1 for aspirin and 2.04/119.40 for CHCH3?

The vapor pressure of chloroform is 173.11 mm Hg at 25 degrees celsius. A nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte that dissolves in chloroform is aspirin. Calculate the vapor pressure of the solution at 25 degrees celsius when 6.243g of aspirin (180.1g/mol) are dissolved in 244.5g of ...

Chemistry
The vapor pressure of chloroform is 173.11 mm Hg at 25 degrees celsius. A nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte that dissolves in chloroform is aspirin. Calculate the vapor pressure of the solution at 25 degrees celsius when 6.243g of aspirin (180.1g/mol) are dissolved in 244.5g of ...

Disregard this question. I actually got the answer.

How would I find the molality of NaCl with the following information? initial temperature= 98degrees celsius final temp=100 degrees celsius. Kbp(water)=0.512

Chemistry
We had to measure out 5.800g of NaCl and record the exact weight. First I weighed the measuring boat and then I poured in the NaCl so to get the exact weight I subtracted the mass of the measuring boat with NaCl from the mass of just the boat. Is this correct?

Chemistry
The next calculation is to actually find the mass of solvent(kg) for both NaCl and sucrose and my lab books says to assume that the density of water is 1.00g/mL.

Chemistry
In my lab book it just says delta Tf = the change in the freezing point (Tsolution - Tpure solvent = negative number) So for the delta T of NaCl I do 0.50 which was the freezing point - the solvent? I do not know how to find the fp of the solvent.

Chemistry
The very frist thing that was asked for the calculations was the freezing point in degrees celsius for NaCl and Sucrose and I put -2.0C for NaCl and for sucrose my partner got -4.0C.

Chemistry
I had to perform an experiment for the freezing point depression in which we had to determine the frezzing points of water as a pure solvent, sodium chloride, sucrose, and ethylene glycol. We had to work with a partner so I completed the experiment for water, NaCl, and the ...

Chemistry
A solution was made by dissolving 62.07grams of a compound in 500g of water. The compound was not ionic. The freezing point of the solution was measured and found to be -1.86degrees celsius. The molar mass of this compound can be calculated to be? I know I already posted this ...

Chemistry
For the first equation I did 0 + 2(-167.159) -> 0 + 0 0 - 334.318 = deltaH1 = -334.318 Second equation I did -601.24 + (-334.318) -> -285.83 -285.83 -(-935.558) = deltaH2 = 649.728 Then deltaH3 = -241.8 On my lab report it says to find the deltaH formation of MgO and it ...

Chemistry
The only problem is that when I looked up the thermodynamic values I could not find MgCl2(aq) so would this just be 0?

Chemistry
Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) -> MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) delta H1? MgO(s) + 2HCl(aq) ->MgCl2(aq) + H2O(l) delta H2? To make these equations add up to the formation reaction of MgO, you will need to include the following: H2(g) + 1/2O2(l) delta H =-241.8 kJ Using Hess's Law and ...

I now need to find the enthalpies for Mg and MgO and then use the equations Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) -> MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) MgO(s) + 2HCl(aq) ->MgCl2(aq) + H2O(l) H2(g) + 1/2O2(l) delta H =-241.8 kJ I do not understand how you find the values for the first two equations when there...

So in that case I would just divide my answer of4842756.8 by 1000 = 4842.76 kJ/mol correct?

The units for the specific heat of water that they gave me were J/ g x K

My qrxn value was 30267.23J and # of moles was 6.25e-3mol so that = 4842756.8 but are the units J/mol and do you think I should convert to kj?

ok thank you very much!!!

For the equation: deltaHrxn = qrxn / mol substance to calculate deltaH per mole what does the mol substance mean? Does this mean that you use the mm of the substance or if you already calculated the # of moles of a substance do you use that?

Chemistry
For the equation: deltaHrxn = qrxn / mol substance to calculate deltaH per mole what does the mol substance mean? Does this mean that you use the mm of the substance or if you already calculated the # of moles of a substance do you use that?

Chemistry
I had to perform an experiment using a coffee-cup calorimeter to determine the enthalpies of two separate reactions. For part 1 we worked with magnesium metal, and magnesium oxide. Data was collected and now I need to find the q, heat transferred for both magnesium and ...

Chemistry
Or should I use the # of moles that I calculated for Mg which was 6.25e-3.

Chemistry
Then it says that to find deltaH rxn the equation is qrxn/mol substance. So I use the 30267.23 / 0.152 to get my answer correct?

Chemistry
It also says to assume that none of the heat produced in the reaction is lost by the calorimeter to the rest of the surroundings. It says that the energy as heat lost by reaction will equal that gained by the solution which is represented by qreaction =-qsolution. So for Mg I ...

Chemistry
Im sorry it so confusing and there is alot of data. This whole experiment was split into two parts. I had to work in a group with two other people to do part 2 and for part 1 we had to get the data from another group so I just have some of their data. For part I guess the ...

Chemistry
So for Magnesium I did q=(4.184 J/g X K)(24.371g)(296.83K) = 30267.23 J Is this correct so far?

Chemistry
They give the specific heat capacity for water, is that what I use?

Chemistry
0.150g of Mg was used and 0.250g MgO was used.For the first reaction we had to mix 25ml of HCl with the Mg and record the temp with a Labpro interface device. The second reaction we had to use the same thing except with MgO. So for the mass of rxn mixture for Mg the value is ...

Chemistry
I had to perform an experiment using a coffee-cup calorimeter to determine the enthalpies of two separate reactions. For part 1 we worked with magnesium metal, and magnesium oxide. Data was collected and now I need to find the q, heat transferred for both magnesium and ...

Chemistry
The vapor pressure of chloroform is 173.11 mm Hg at 25 degrees celsius. A nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte that dissolves in chloroform is aspirin. Calculate the vapor pressure of the solution at 25 degrees celsius when 6.243g of aspirin (180.1g/mol) are dissolved in 244.5g of ...

Chemistry
Its suppose to be deltaT f. So would the minimum data required be Tf, Kf, and mass of solute?

Chemistry
1) The molecular mass of a substance was determined by the freezing point depression technique. The minimum data required for the determination are a. ƒ´Tf and Kf only. b. ƒ´Tf , Kf and mass of solute. c. ƒ´Tf , Kf , mass of solute and mass of ...

Chemistry
How would I find the molality of NaCl with the following information? initial temperature= 98degrees celsius final temp=100 degrees celsius. Kbp(water)=0.512

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