Friday

September 4, 2015
**Statistics**

Blossom’s Flowers purchases roses for sale for Valentine’s Day. The roses are purchased for $10 a dozen and are sold for $20 a dozen. Any roses not sold on Valentine’s Day can be sold for $5 per dozen. The owner will purchase 1 of 3 amounts of roses for ...
*Friday, January 10, 2014 by Daniel*

**Statistics**

Hi * Suppose X has the pdf f(x)=(1/2)e^-|x| if -∞<x<∞ a)find the pdf of Y=|X|^3 b) Let W=0 if x<=0 and W=1 if x>1. Find cdf (cum.dist.func) of W.
*Friday, January 10, 2014 by Melike *

**Statistics**

hii. I have a question about pdf and cdf.. I couldn't solve it Please help me :/ 1) the pdf of the random var. X is given by f(x)= (3/8)(x+1)^2 if -1<x<1 0 if otherwise Find the pdf of a) Y=1-X^2 b) Y=1-X^2 ifx<=0 and Y=1-X if x>0
*Friday, January 10, 2014 by Melike *

**statistics**

You are interested in the weights of backpacks students carry to class and decide to conduct a study using the backpacks carried by 30 students. (a) Give some instructions for weighing the backpacks. Include unit of measure, accuracy of measure, and type of scale.
*Wednesday, January 8, 2014 by henok*

**statistics**

For a particular population, a sample of n = 4 scores has an expected value of 10. For the same population, a sample of n = 25 scores would have an expected value of ____. a. 4 b. 8 c. 10 d. 20
*Wednesday, January 8, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

A sample from a population with = 40 and = 10 has a mean of M = 44. If the sample mean corresponds to a z = 2.00, then how many scores are in the sample? a. n = 100 b. n = 25 c. n = 5 d. n = 4
*Wednesday, January 8, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

True Or False Using the average score to describe a sample is an example of inferential statistics. By reading the definition in my book I feel as though this phrase is false. Can someone please advise on this matter?
*Tuesday, January 7, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

True or False If one score is randomly selected from a normal distribution with = 100 and = 20, the probability of obtaining a score between X = 80 and X = 120 is 0.3413.
*Monday, January 6, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

True or False For any normal distribution, the proportion corresponding to scores greater than z = +1.00 is exactly equal to the proportion corresponding to scores less than z = 1.00.
*Monday, January 6, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**Language Arts**

Anybody out there from 7th grade connections academy??! need help checking my answers!!: 1. The author's tone in this editorial is (1 point) sad humorous compassionate angry 2. What is the key phrase used to signal a comparison or contrast in the following statement? "...
*Saturday, January 4, 2014 by TTR+S<3*

**Math**

I need assistance with statistics and probability. Can you some how assist me with that.?
*Friday, January 3, 2014 by Adrianna *

**statistics**

True or False For a sample with M = 20 and s = 1, a score of X = 17 would be considered an extremely low score.
*Friday, January 3, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

True or False A sample mean with a z-score value between 1.00 and +1.00 would be considered a fairly typical, representative sample.
*Friday, January 3, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

true or false The value for the standard deviation cannot be larger than the value for the range.
*Friday, January 3, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

True or False The class interval of 25-29 has real limits of 24.5 and 29.5.
*Wednesday, January 1, 2014 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

A random sample of n = 4 scores is selected from a population with ƒÝ = 80 and ƒã = 20. On average, how much difference would you expect between the sample mean and the population mean? a. 0 points (the sample mean should be the same as the population ...
*Tuesday, December 31, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

Last week Tom had exams in Math and in Spanish. He had a score of 45 on the Math exam and a score of 65 on the Spanish exam. For which class should Tom expect the better grade? a. Math b. Spanish c. The grades should be the same because the two exam scores are in the same ...
*Tuesday, December 31, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

The sum of the squared deviation scores is SS = 20 for a population of N = 5 scores. What is the variance for this population? a. 4 b. 5 c. 80 d. 100
*Tuesday, December 31, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

Needing help to get this answer right. _c___ 3. What is the relationship between the alpha level, the size of the critical region, and the risk of a Type I error? a. As the alpha level increases, the size of the critical region increases and the risk of a Type I error ...
*Sunday, December 29, 2013 by Lyn*

**statistics**

Needing some help to clarify this problem and help finding the right answer. _b___ 2. Which of the following accurately describes the critical region? a. outcomes with a very low probability if the null hypothesis is true b. outcomes with a high probability if the null ...
*Sunday, December 29, 2013 by Lyn*

**statistics**

I really need help with my statistical analysis... i cant understand it. Here are the questions A sample group was surveyed to determine which of two brands of soap was preferred. H0 :p = 0.50; H1: p is not equal to 0.50. Thirty-eight of 60 people indicated a preference. At ...
*Friday, December 27, 2013 by Crystal*

**statistics**

A sample of n = 25 scores has M = 20 and s2 = 9. What is the sample standard deviation? a. 3 b. 4.5 c. 9 d. 81
*Thursday, December 26, 2013 by Lyn*

**statistics**

In a population of N = 10 scores, the smallest score is X = 8 and the largest score is X = 20. Using the concept of real limits, what is the range for this population? a. 11 b. 12 c. 13 d. cannot be determined without more information
*Thursday, December 26, 2013 by Lyn*

**Statistics**

A researcher measures eye color for a sample of n = 50 people. Which measure of central tendency would be appropriate to summarize the measurements? a. mean b. median c. mode d. any of the three measures could be used
*Wednesday, December 25, 2013 by Lyn*

**Statistics**

For a negatively skewed distribution with a mode of X = 25 and a median of 20, the mean is probably ____. a. greater than 25 b. less than 20 c. between 20 and 25 d. cannot be determined from the information given
*Monday, December 23, 2013 by Lyn*

**Statistics**

One item on a questionnaire asks, "How many siblings (brothers and sisters) did you have when you were a child?" A researcher computes the mean, the median, and the mode for a set of n = 50 responses to this question. Which of the following statements accurately ...
*Monday, December 23, 2013 by Lyn*

**Statistics**

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration analyzes the crash test data for new cars. One variable measured is the severity of the injury due to a collision. The higher the severity, the higher the points assigned. Assume that the injury rating is normally distributed ...
*Sunday, December 22, 2013 by Gwen*

**Statistics**

Can someone please help with this problem to advise how to set up and in the book Essential of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. A researcher is investigating the effectiveness of a new study-skills training program for elementary school children. A sample of n=25 third-...
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Lyn*

**Statistics**

If the alpha level is changed from a=.05 to a=.01. a. What happens to the boundaries for the critical region? b. What happens to the probability of a Type I error?
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Lyn*

**Statistics**

True or False In most research situations, the goal of a hypothesis test is to reject the null hypothesis.
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by lyn*

**Statistics**

True or False The null hypothesis is stated in terms of the population, even though the data come from a sample.
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by lyn*

**Statistics**

3. The formula for finding sample standard deviation is ________________. a.𝑠=∑1▒𝑥W22;𝑥 ̅^2 b.𝜎^2=(∑1▒(𝑋−𝜇)^2 )/𝑁 c.𝑠^2=(∑1▒(𝑋&#...
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Lainy*

**statistics**

A student union wants to obtain a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of “full time” students who hold a part-time job for 20 hours or more per week. For this purpose, they want to interview a sample of full-time students. They want a margin of error to be at ...
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Steven *

**Statistics**

By definition, a Type I error is ____. a. rejecting a false H1 b. rejecting a false H0 c. rejecting a true H0 d. rejecting a true H1
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by lyn*

**Statistics**

Which of the following is an accurate definition of a Type II error? a. rejecting a false null hypothesis b. rejecting a true null hypothesis c. failing to reject a false null hypothesis d. failing to reject a true null hypothesis
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

What is the consequence of a Type II error? a. concluding that a treatment has an effect when it really does b. concluding that a treatment has no effect when it really has no effect c. concluding that a treatment has no effect when it really does d. concluding that a ...
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**MATH Statistics**

A student union wants to obtain a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of “full time” students who hold a part-time job for 20 hours or more per week. For this purpose, they want to interview a sample of full-time students. They want a margin of error to be at ...
*Friday, December 20, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics**

For these 90 times the mean was 15.60 minutes and the standard deviation s=1.80 minutes. Find the margin of error (round to 2 decimal places) and the 95% confidence interval for Julia’s average running time.
*Thursday, December 19, 2013 by sue*

**Statistics**

When is there a risk of a Type II error? a. whenever H0 is rejected b. whenever H1 is rejected c. whenever the decision is "fail to reject H0" d. The risk of a Type II error is independent of the decision from a hypothesis test.
*Thursday, December 19, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

Which of the following will increase the power of a statistical test? a. Change ƒÑ from .05 to .01. b. Change from a one-tailed test to a two-tailed test. c. Change the sample size from n = 100 to n = 25. d. None of the other options will increase power.
*Thursday, December 19, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**statistics **

Solve the problem. Round to the nearest tenth unless indicated otherwise. The amount of rainfall in January in a certain city is normally distributed with a mean of 4.3 inches and a standard deviation of 0.3 inches. Find the value of the quartile .
*Wednesday, December 18, 2013 by bob*

**probability & statistics**

Find the slope and the y-intercept for the line that passes through (-9,5) (11,12)
*Wednesday, December 18, 2013 by Deb*

**Statistics**

A national opinion poll found that 44% of all American adults agree that parents should be given vouchers good for education at any public or private school of their choice. Suppose that in fact the population proportion who feel this way is p=0.44. A) Many opinion polls have ...
*Tuesday, December 17, 2013 by JJ*

**statistics 3.**

A student union wants to obtain a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of “full time” students who hold a part-time job for 20 hours or more per week. For this purpose, they want to interview a sample of full-time students. They want a margin of error to be at ...
*Tuesday, December 17, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics 4.**

The manufacturer of Porshe 918 Spyder car claims that their car can go from 0 mph to 60 mph speed in less than 2.5 seconds. To test this claim, a sample of 40 new cars of this type were driven and their average 0-60 mph time was 2.6 seconds with a standard deviation of 0.5 ...
*Tuesday, December 17, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics 3.**

A student union wants to obtain a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of “full time” students who hold a part-time job for 20 hours or more per week. For this purpose, they want to interview a sample of full-time students. They want a margin of error to be at ...
*Tuesday, December 17, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics 4.**

The manufacturer of Porshe 918 Spyder car claims that their car can go from 0 mph to 60 mph speed in less than 2.5 seconds. To test this claim, a sample of 40 new cars of this type were driven and their average 0-60 mph time was 2.6 seconds with a standard deviation of 0.5 ...
*Tuesday, December 17, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics**

Use a 1.15 level of significance to test a claim that a true proportion is less than 47% when n=250 and x-112
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Amy*

**statistics-PLEASE HELP quick**

A family has four children and we assume that births occur with equal frequency for both sexes. Construct a sample space for all possible family arrangements allowing for order of birth to count. a) How many different arrangements are possible? b)find P (three are boys)= c)...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Amy*

**statistics**

4. Are women getting taller? In one state, the average height of a woman aged 20 years or older is 63.7 inches in 1990. A random sample of 100 women is taken to test if women’s mean height today is different from 1990. The mean height of the 100 surveyed women is 63.9 ...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Amanda*

**Statistics 4**

The manufacturer of Porshe 918 Spyder car claims that their car can go from 0 mph to 60 mph speed in less than 2.5 seconds. To test this claim, a sample of 40 new cars of this type were driven and their average 0-60 mph time was 2.6 seconds with a standard deviation of 0.5 ...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics**

The breaking strength (in pounds) of a certain new synthetic is normally distributed, with a mean of 135 and a variance of 16. The material is considered defective if the breaking strength is less than 126.2 pounds. What is the probability that a single, randomly selected ...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Anonymous*

**Statistics 3**

A student union wants to obtain a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of “full time” students who hold a part-time job for 20 hours or more per week. For this purpose, they want to interview a sample of full-time students. They want a margin of error to be at ...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Steven *

**statistics**

I have done an entire project based on football scores from a certain team over the last 3 years and I'm not sure what information I can get from my answers. Ive done a frequency distribution table, Ogive, Histogram,cumulative frequency table, frequency polygon, etc. and I...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Amy*

**statistics-PLEASE HELP quick**

I understand most of the formulas however Im not sure what the answers tell me. I did a frequency distribution table for all points scored by a football team over 4 years, but I don't understand what my answers mean and I don't want to look stupid in front of my class...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Amy*

**statistics in psychology**

12. Four research participants take a test of manual dexterity (high scores mean better dexterity) and an anxiety test (high scores mean more anxiety). The scores are as follows. Person Dexterity Anxiety 1 1 10 2 1 8 3 2 4 4 4 –2 (a) Scatter Graph: Scatter and Regression
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Cindy*

**Statistics 2**

The body temperature of healthy human beings can be assumed to have a normal distribution with mean and standard deviation . Body temperature measurements taken from a sample of 130 healthy individuals shows the sample mean temperature to be 98.249O F and ...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Steven *

**Statistics **

A manufacturing facility produces iron rods whose mean diameter is 2.5 inches with a standard deviation of 0.2 inch. If a sample of 50 metal rods produced by the facility were randomly selected, what is the probability that the mean of these rods will lie between 2.4 inches ...
*Monday, December 16, 2013 by Steven *

**Statistics**

True or False: For ANOVA you will reject the null hypothesis is the variability within a sample is greater than the variability among samples?
*Sunday, December 15, 2013 by Cristian*

**statistics**

3. Assuming α = 0.05 and that the population is normally distributed, is there enough evidence to support a claim that the mean amount of servings teenage females drink is less than or equal to 1.5 servings per day?
*Saturday, December 14, 2013 by Anonymous*

**Statistics**

In a game you roll two fair dice. If the sum of the two numbers obtained is 3,4,9,10 or 11 you win $20. If the sum is 5,6,7 or 8 you pay $20. However if the scores on the dice are the same no one is required to pay. (a) Construct a probability distribution table for the event...
*Saturday, December 14, 2013 by Edmund*

**statistics**

9. Explain the transformation needed to convert the following data to a linear data set. {(1, 0.98), (2, 1.39), (3, 1.71), (4, 1.98), (5, 2.22), (6, 2.43)} (6 points)
*Friday, December 13, 2013 by helen*

**Statistics**

For a population with a mean of µ=60 and standard deviation of Ợ=24, find the z=score corresponding to each of the following samples a. M=63 for sample of n=16 scores b. M=63 for sample of n=36 scores c. M=63 for sample of n=64 scores
*Friday, December 13, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**statistics**

what is the variance of 18, 16, 12, 2, 11
*Friday, December 13, 2013 by donnie*

**Statistics**

Scores on a certain exam are normally distributed with a mean of 78 and a variance of 25. What is the score obtained by the top 5% of the students? I do not understand the 5% part. What does the tail look like on the bell-shaped graph?
*Friday, December 13, 2013 by Julie*

**Statistics**

True or False The mean for a sample of n = 4 scores has a standard error of 5 points. This sample was selected from a population with a standard deviation of ƒã = 20.
*Thursday, December 12, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

True or False As sample size increases, the value of the standard error also increases.
*Thursday, December 12, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**mah statistics**

the following table gives the number of camcorders sold on a given day in an electronics store X: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, P(x) 0.5, .12, .23, .3, .16, .1, .04 find the mean, variance, and standard deviation of the daily sales of camcorders in the store.
*Thursday, December 12, 2013 by james ohara*

**Statistics**

How is the rejection region defined and how is that related to the z-score and the p value? When do you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis? Why do you think statisticians are asked to complete hypothesis testing? Can you think of examples in courts, in medicine, or ...
*Thursday, December 12, 2013 by Tangy*

**Statistics**

Can someone help me do this problem? A group of environmentalist are trying to estimate the population of the state rid in clear view park. They capture a sample of 500 birds in early spring and tag them. in august they capture 215 birds, of which 20 are tagged. a) use the ...
*Thursday, December 12, 2013 by Tina*

**Statistics**

True or False According to the central limit theorem, the expected value for a sample mean becomes smaller, approaching zero, as the sample size approaches infinity.
*Wednesday, December 11, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

True or False In order for the distribution of sample means to be normal, it must be based on samples of at least n = 30 scores.
*Wednesday, December 11, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

Multiple choice question that's hard to figure out and understand.(information provided) Ten members of a fraternity take a statistics course. Here are their scores on the first exam in the course: 61,74,47,60,62,63,65,79,55,85. The question states: In all, 135 students ...
*Tuesday, December 10, 2013 by Junior*

**statistics**

Ten members of a fraternity take a statistics course. Here are their scores on the first exam in the course. 61,74,47,60,62,63,65,79,55,85. In all 135 students took the exam. The third quartile for all 135 scores was 69. How many students had scores higher than 69?
*Monday, December 9, 2013 by Victor*

**STATISTICS**

Program evaluation differs from policy analysis with respect to _____. a. the time dimension within the policy process b. the cost c. the time d. the role of the stakeholder
*Monday, December 9, 2013 by Jim*

**Statistics**

True or False If a sample of at least 30 scores is randomly selected from a normal population, the sample mean will be equal to the population mean.
*Monday, December 9, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

A sample of n = 9 scores is obtained from a population with ƒÝ = 70 and ƒã = 18. If the sample mean is M = 76, then what is the z-score for the sample mean? a. z = 0.33 b. z = 0.50 c. z = 1.00 d. z = 3.00
*Monday, December 9, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**STATISTICS HELP**

A student wishes to test the accuracy of the measuring jug she is using in an experiment. The label on the jug claims that it measures volume to an accuracy of plus or minus 5 cm3. The density of water is about 0.999 g cm−3, which means that 100 cm3 of water should have ...
*Monday, December 9, 2013 by john*

**Statistics**

Suppose that you visit Shire, and find that 28% of Hobbits believe in the existence of Elves, 16% believe in the existence of Ents, and 9% believe in the existence of both Elves and Ents. You come across a Hobbit: i) What is the probability that he will believe in Ents given ...
*Sunday, December 8, 2013 by Emma*

**Psychological Statistics**

Post a behavioral research situation that could use a Pearson coefficient research study and a chi square research study. Present the rationale for each selection. Be very specific in your presentation.
*Sunday, December 8, 2013 by Pleshette*

**Statistics**

The probability of Joe is at work is 49%. The probability Joe is at home is 25%. What is the probability Jow is neither at Work nor at home? A) 39% B)74% C)52% D)26% I get the answer at about 38%,but doesn't round to 39%, can anyone help, I'm stuck.
*Sunday, December 8, 2013 by Luke*

**Statistics**

How would you find the z-score for the following X=86 and the n=17.
*Sunday, December 8, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Business Math and Statistics**

You deposit $1,000 for 4 years at an interest rate of 2.0%. If the interest is compounded annually, how much money do you have after 4 years?
*Sunday, December 8, 2013 by Teresa*

**Statistics**

Find the Standard Deviation for this distribution of scores. Then find the z score for X=86. N=17 98, 92, 86, 84 , 76, 74 , 72 , 72, 72 , 70, 70, 66, 60 ,54, 32,30
*Saturday, December 7, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**STATISTICS**

Two-thirds of papaya plants availabe are hermaphrodite and are self-pollinating. One-third of plants are female and need to be paired withh an hermaphrodite plant in order to be pollinated. Unless the plants are pollinated, they will not bear fruit. If you select three papaya ...
*Saturday, December 7, 2013 by Angela*

**Healthcare Statistic**

Given the following null hypothesis, give an example of a Type II error. H0: There is no difference in the level of understanding of this chapter between students who have previously taken a statistics course and students who have not previously taken a statistics course.
*Saturday, December 7, 2013 by Anonymous*

**Statistics**

Two-thirds of papaya plants availabe are hermaphrodite and are self-pollinating. One-third of plants are female and need to be paired withh an hermaphrodite plant in order to be pollinated. Unless the plants are pollinated, they will not bear fruit. If you select three papaya ...
*Saturday, December 7, 2013 by Angela*

**Easy Statistics**

The probability Joe is at work is 49%,. The probability Joe is at home is 25%. What is the probability Joe is neither at work nor at home? a) 39% b)74% c)52% d) 26% *I personally think it is a or c. I am just needing some help thanks!
*Friday, December 6, 2013 by Dawn*

**statistics**

Nine students took the SAT. Their scores are listed below. Later on, they read a book on test preparation and retook the SAT. Their new scores are listed below. Construct a 95% confidence interval for µ d (the true mean difference in scores). Assume that the distribution...
*Friday, December 6, 2013 by Anonymous*

**statistics**

The espresso project you are heading up will do well with probability 0.80. Given that it does well, you believe that the herbal tea project is likely to do well with probability 0.70.However, if the espresso project does not do well, then the herbal tea project has only a 25...
*Friday, December 6, 2013 by nemo *

**Statistics**

Draw a vertical line through a normal distribution for each of the following z-score locations. Determine whether the body is on the right or left side od the line and find the proportion in the body. a. z= 2.20 b. z= 1.60 c. z= -1.50 d. z= -0.70
*Friday, December 6, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

Draw a vertical line through s normal distribution for each of the following z-score locations. Determine whether the tail is on the right or left side of the line and find the proportion in the tail. a. z=2.00 b. z=0.60 c. z= -1.30 d. z= -0.30
*Friday, December 6, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

A normal distribution has a mean of ƒÝ = 100 with ƒã = 20. If one score is randomly selected from this distribution, what is the probability that the score will have a value between X = 90 and X = 110? a. 0.6915 b. 0.3085 c. 0.1915 d. 0.3830
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

Given the following information, determine the 68.3 percent, 95.5 percent, and 99.7 percent confidence intervals. overbar above X equals 4.33 comma SE sub m equals 3 I've looked at the table as recommended. I just do not understand this at all. I'm really lost on this ...
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Anonymous Do not understand*

**Statistics**

True or False For any normal distribution, the proportion in the tail beyond z = 2.00 is p = 0.0228.
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

True or False A jar contains 15 red marbles and 75 blue marbles. If you randomly select a marble from this jar, the probability of obtaining a red marble is p = 15/90.
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

True or False One requirement of a random sample is that every individual in the population has an equal chance of being selected.
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

True or False The value for a probability can never be less than zero, unless you have made a computational error.
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**Statistics**

True or False All probabilities can be expressed as decimal values ranging from 0 to 1.00.
*Thursday, December 5, 2013 by Lyndyc*

**AP Statistics**

A standard deck of cards consisting of 52 cards, 13 in each of 4 different suits, is shuffled, and 4 cards are drawn without replacement. What is the probability that all four cards are of a different suit?
*Wednesday, December 4, 2013 by Emily*