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Question 4. 4. A federal court is said to have a “federal question” jurisdiction because (Points : 1)
federal courts supersede state courts.
all laws are federal.
they hear cases that touch the Constitution and other federal laws.
they hear cases that only deal with issues of constitutionality.





Question 5. 5. Article III of the Constitution establishes that (Points : 1)
the Supreme Court can invalidate laws of Congress.
the judicial powers of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court.
the Supreme Court can create inferior courts.
the Supreme Court has jurisdiction over state courts.





Question 6. 6. The American Civil Rights Movement was about (Points : 1)
ending racial discrimination and achieving equal voting rights.
achieving free speech.
ending affirmative action.
creating “separate but equal” public facilities.





Question 7. 7. The reason why the Supreme Court came around to upholding that states had an obligation to provide attorneys to those who could not afford them was (Points : 1)
attorneys were charging additional costs to poor defendants.
to provide a fair advantage to defendants.
it was something that other countries did.
to encourage defendants to plea bargain.





Question 8. 8. If the Supreme Court were to rule that gay marriage is a fundamental right, under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, that would mean (Points : 1)
each state would still be able to decide for itself whether it recognizes gay marriage or not.
no state may distinguish between gay marriage and heterosexual marriage because that would effectively create invidious distinctions.
that Congress must create a public assistance program for gay couples.
that only married people enjoy protection under the Equal Protection Clause.

  • pol201 - ,

    5.the supreme court can invalidate laws of Congress
    6. ending racial discrimination and achieving voting rights
    7.to provide a fair advantage to defendants
    8.each state would still be able to decide for itself whether it recognizes gay marriage or not

  • pol201 - ,

    4.federal courts supersede state courts

  • pol201 - ,

    1. Question :
    Article III of the Constitution establishes that

    Student Answer: the Supreme Court can invalidate laws of Congress.
    CORRECT the judicial powers of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court.
    the Supreme Court can create inferior courts.
    the Supreme Court has jurisdiction over state courts.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Article III.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 2. Question :
    In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court established the principle of constitutional review by

    Student Answer: denying Marbury his right to sue.
    denying the authority of the President to have made his appointment.
    CORRECT claiming that Section 13 of the 1789 Judiciary Act providing that the Supreme Court will issue a writ of mandamus was unconstitutional.
    lecturing the Jeffersonians on why Marbury was rightfully entitled to his appointment.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Marbury v. Madison.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 3. Question :
    When the Supreme Court hands down a decision, it is

    Student Answer: CORRECT often a mixed decision with majority, dissenting, and even concurring opinions.
    always a unanimous 9-0 decision.
    a law forever and can never be overturned.
    always free of politics.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Writing Opinions.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 4. Question :
    Alexander Hamilton said that the judiciary would be the least dangerous branch of government because

    Student Answer: it has the power of the purse.
    it has the power of the sword.
    CORRECT it has neither the power of the purse nor the sword.
    the Constitution failed to define its role.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “The Least Dangerous Branch.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 5. Question :
    When the President appoints a nominee to the Supreme Court, he mainly

    Student Answer: considers the Senate’s opinion of the nominee.
    selects judges who do not share the President’s views.
    selects only pro-life candidates.
    CORRECT considers the nominee’s ideological orientation.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “The Role of Ideology.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 6. Question :
    The 1964 Civil Rights Act

    Student Answer: required localities to bus students in order to end racial segregation.
    overturned the 1921 anti-boycotting law.
    CORRECT ended racial segregation in schools, at the workplace, and by “public accommodations.”
    required voters to pass a literacy test before registering.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “The Civil Rights Movement.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 7. Question :
    Civil liberties understood in terms of negative rights means that the

    Student Answer: CORRECT government has limited power and authority so that individuals can enjoy freedom.
    INCORRECT government must provide things like healthcare.
    government has an obligation to assist individuals in enjoying all their rights.
    government is prohibited from exercising authority.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “”Right to Privacy.”
    Points Received: 0 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 8. Question :
    Mapp v. Ohio established

    Student Answer: CORRECT the exclusionary rule, which states that material obtained from an illegally searched home could not be used against you.
    that material seized from a house where a warrant was executed for specifically other material which was not seized may still be used against you.
    that the police can violate one’s right to privacy as long as the individual’s Miranda rights are explained.
    that illegally seized material is still admissible in trial.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Rights of the Accused.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 9. Question :
    The trajectory of cases from Roe v. Wade to Parenthood v. Casey appear to suggest that a woman’s right to choose

    Student Answer: cannot be hindered in any way by states.
    is completely subject to a state’s legislation.
    CORRECT can be restricted so long as those restrictions do not create an undue burden.
    may be imposed upon by undue burdens from the state.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “State Efforts to Roll Back Roe.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 10. Question :
    If the Supreme Court were to rule that gay marriage is a fundamental right, under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, that would mean

    Student Answer: INCORRECT each state would still be able to decide for itself whether it recognizes gay marriage or not.
    CORRECT no state may distinguish between gay marriage and heterosexual marriage because that would effectively create invidious distinctions.
    that Congress must create a public assistance program for gay couples.
    that only married people enjoy protection under the Equal Protection Clause.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Fourteenth Amendment’s Definition of Citizenship and Equal Protection.”
    Points Received: 0 of 1
    Comments:

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  • pol201 - ,

    Grading Summary
    These are the automatically computed results of your exam. Grades for essay questions, and comments from your instructor, are in the "Details" section below.
    Date Taken: 6/1/2015
    Time Spent: 23 min , 39 secs
    Points Received: 10 / 10 (100%)
    Question Type: # Of Questions: # Correct:
    Multiple Choice 10 10
    Grade Details - All Questions
    Question 1. Question :
    In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court established the principle of constitutional review by

    Student Answer: denying Marbury his right to sue.
    denying the authority of the President to have made his appointment.
    CORRECT claiming that Section 13 of the 1789 Judiciary Act providing that the Supreme Court will issue a writ of mandamus was unconstitutional.
    lecturing the Jeffersonians on why Marbury was rightfully entitled to his appointment.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Marbury v. Madison.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 2. Question :
    In Gibbons v. Ogden, the Supreme Court held that

    Student Answer: CORRECT states’ rights to regulate may not trample on powers specifically reserved for Congress.
    states’ rights supersede national authority.
    the national government does not have interstate commerce authority.
    the 10th Amendment trumps the Interstate Commerce Clause.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in “Federal Authority and the Limits to State Authority.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 3. Question :
    The heart of Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee was

    Student Answer: whether treaties are supreme laws of the land.
    whether states’ rights trumped national authority.
    the right of Virginia to seize property of traitors during war.
    CORRECT whether the Supreme Court had authority to overturn decisions of state courts.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 4. Question :
    Judges who practice what their critics call “judicial activism” argue that judges

    Student Answer: CORRECT have a responsibility to protect individual rights and liberties.
    have a responsibility to be anti-majoritarian because democracy is not always a good thing.
    should ask what was the intent of the framers of the Bill of Rights when they framed our civil liberties.
    are all powerful and their judgment is superior to the judgment of the people.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Judicial Activism.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 5. Question :
    An appellate court that hears an appeal on a money laundering case from a district court

    Student Answer: is not concerned with guilt or innocence.
    can only send the case back for retrial.
    CORRECT is concerned with whether proper legal procedures were followed during the district court trial.
    determines the constitutionality of the law.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Appellate Courts.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 6. Question :
    The various cases with regards to religious freedom are concerned with excessive entanglements between government and religion. This means

    Student Answer: that non-denominational prayer in schools can be permitted.
    CORRECT voucher systems like the one in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris created a constitutionally allowed choice between public and private schools.
    local school boards can provide subsidies to church-related schools.
    both religion and government are strengthened when united.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Freedom of Religion.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 7. Question :
    Civil rights in the United States evolved from

    Student Answer: boycotts to anti-discrimination lawsuits.
    CORRECT removal of barriers to access and participation to policies aimed at achieving greater equality.
    matters concerning politics to matters concerning economics.
    state centered policy to federal initiatives.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in “Evolving Civil Rights.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 8. Question :
    Civil liberties understood in terms of negative rights means that the

    Student Answer: CORRECT government has limited power and authority so that individuals can enjoy freedom.
    government must provide things like healthcare.
    government has an obligation to assist individuals in enjoying all their rights.
    government is prohibited from exercising authority.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “”Right to Privacy.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 9. Question :
    The Supreme Court in Whitney v. California clarified clear and present danger to mean

    Student Answer: CORRECT speech so dangerous that society would immediately and irreparably harmed.
    speech that protested against the Supreme Court.
    free speech would only be dangerous if it was followed by physical acts of violence.
    that only speech concerning communism was dangerous.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Abrams v. United States.”
    Points Received: 1 of 1
    Comments:

    Question 10. Question :
    Mapp v. Ohio established

    Student Answer: CORRECT the exclusionary rule, which states that material obtained from an illegally searched home could not be used against you.
    that material seized from a house where a warrant was executed for specifically other material which was not seized may still be used against you.
    that the police can violate one’s right to privacy as long as the individual’s Miranda rights are explained.
    that illegally seized material is still admissible in trial.
    Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in the section “Rights of the Accused.”

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