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AP Calculus

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The average area of all squares with sides between a inches and b inches (b>a) is ____ in^2.

  • AP Calculus -

    ∫[a,b] x^2 dx
    = 1/3 x^3 [a,b]
    = 1/3 (b^3 - a^3)

    Consider only integer values. Then that will give you

    a^2 + (a+1)^2 + ... + (b-1)^2 + b^2
    Now, we know that

    ∑ k^2 = n(n+1)(2n+1)/6

    So, we want sum from a-b = sum from 1-b - sum from 1-a, or

    b(b+1)(2b+1)/6 - a(a+1)(2a+1)/6
    = 1/6 (2b^3+3b^2+b - 2a^3-3a^2-a)
    = 1/3 (b^3-a^3) plus some lower-order junk

    So, our integral exact value appears to agree with the integer approximation.

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