April 28, 2015

Homework Help: Ashford PHI 208

Posted by Doc on Sunday, March 9, 2014 at 7:47pm.

PHI 208 Week 2 - Readings Quiz

1. Tom Regan’s view of animals is that (Points : 1)
They are important but not quite as important as human beings
They have rights, which means that they should never be used for human purposes
They may be ethically used because they were bred and raised for that purpose
That they may be eaten because do not have souls like we do and are lower on the food chain

Question 2. 2. What is Peter Singer’s point about performing vivisection on mentally disabled human infants? (Points : 1)
That if we say that it would be wrong to perform experiments on such humans but not on non-humans then we are showing bias based upon species alone
That a good speciesist would not perform experiments on any being
That we should test upon mentally disabled human infants because the results would be more reliable than tests on animals
That anyone who would consider testing on a human infant is a monster

Question 3. 3. What is Tom Regan’s position about the use of animals in research and agriculture? (Points : 1)
Animals should be used whenever it can be proven that the human benefits outweigh the harms caused to the animals
Animals should never be used for medical research or commercial agriculture
Animals should only be used for medical research shown to be beneficial to humanity, never for agriculture
Animals should be used in both medical research and agriculture but should be treated as humanely as possible

Question 4. 4. Thomas Nagel argues that all rules of engagement should be governed by the utilitarian principle that (Points : 1)
any means can be justified if it leads to a worthy end
the greatest good can justify targeting noncombatants
we are always justified in attacking the tyranny of the majority
none of the above

Question 5. 5. Which of the following makes it difficult to calculate the utility of an act (Points : 1)
the time frame of the consequences
disagreements about the meaning of pleasure or happiness
what constitutes the greatest good
all of the above

35. Because utilitarianism seeks outcomes that generate the greatest good for the greatest number, Mill believed that

Question 6. 6. Which of the following does Peter Singer assert about the principle of equality? (Points : 1)
People should have equal rights because they are factually equal.
People with higher abilities, it stands to reason, should have greater rights.
Different groups of humans should have equal rights if scientific investigation proves that there are no genetic differences in their abilities.
It is a prescription that we should treat people equally regardless of their differing abilities.

Question 7. 7. What does Singer say about other philosophers’ attempts to argue that only humans have moral worth? (Points : 1)
That they give a good way to determine who has rights in a way that includes all humans and no animals
That they all say that animals should have rights too
That they come up with unjustified methods to include all humans while excluding all animals from moral consideration
That animals do not have rights because they are not as smart as humans are

Question 8. 8. According to Miller, assessing the imposed risks of humanitarian intervention (Points : 1)
should be done if and only if adequate time allows for the assessment
is necessary to do before the intervention begins
should be done within the first 72 hours of intervention
necessary to do prior to a peaceful withdrawal

Question 9. 9. What is speciesism? (Points : 1)
The view that all animals should be treated equally regardless of their abilities
The view that endangered species have the right to exist
Allowing the interests of one’s own species to override the greater interests of members of other species
Protecting endangered species from extinction regardless of economic costs

Question 10. 10. What is the point of Regan’s discussion about Aunt Bea and utilitarianism’s respect for human life? (Points : 1)
Utilitarianism feels that human life is paramount and not to be sacrificed under any circumstance
Utilitarianism would say that God’s law that “thou shalt not kill” will have very few exceptions
Utilitarianism says that human life has not much value at all, a person can be killed for relatively minor reasons, like stealing their money
Because utilitarianism is aggregative, one individual’s right to life can be overridden in order to save many other people’s lives

Question 11. 11. In evaluating the potential greatest good of an action, rule utilitarianism looks at (Points : 1)
specific acts agreed upon by the majority
specific acts generated by the minority
specific consequences agreed upon by everyone
none of the above

Question 12. 12. What does Singer say about finding the basis for moral duties in the “intrinsic dignity” of humanity (Points : 1)
That God ordained humanity to be the top of the “great chain of being”
That mankind is the most important species because it is the most intelligent
That dolphins have actually been shown to be more intelligent than humans in many respects
That such fine phrases are a last resort for philosophers who cannot find a distinction that gives humans worth while denying it to all other species

Question 13. 13. According to Miller, when contemplating humanitarian intervention against a tyrant engaged in widespread massacre, consideration of imposed risks (Points : 1)
can function as a tie-breaker when the risks are equal to the potential relief of intervention
should always involve multi-national interests
do not normally override the reasons to rescue
must be approved by the United Nations

Question 14. 14. What is Tom Regan’s main criticism of the contractarian approach to ethical duties? (Points : 1)
It works fine for humans without problems, but it has not yet been applied to animals
It ignores the importance of pain and suffering when it comes to ethics
It would allow all kinds of human injustice if a stronger group is able to oppress the members of a weaker group of people
He does not criticize it; he things that contractarianism, if properly understood, represents the most rational approach to ethical problems

Question 15. 15. According to Tom Regan, what is fundamentally wrong with our current system (Points : 1)
It mistreats animals in captivity
It does not adequately reduce the number of experiments to only what is medically necessary
It treats animals as resources; as though they exist for us
That it doesn’t utilize animals enough for beneficial purposes

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