Posted by Miracle on Tuesday, February 18, 2014 at 6:13am.
Find the sum of the nth terms of a G.P 5+15+45+...........What is the smallest number of the terms which will give a total of more than 10^8.

Maths G.P.  Steve, Tuesday, February 18, 2014 at 10:21am
a = 5
r = 3
Sn = a(1r^n)/(1r) = 5(3^n  1)/2
So, we want
5(3^n1)/2 > 10^8
3^n1 > 4*10^7
3^n > 4*10^7  1
n > log(4*10^7  1)/log3
Now, using base 10 logs, and ignoring the useless 1,
n > (
n > 7+log4)/log3
n > 15.9
So the first 16 terms will sum to more than 10^8
As a sanity check, 5*3^15 = 7*10^7 so I figure just the last two or three terms will produce the desired amount, and the first 13 terms are just noise.
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