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March 27, 2017

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A holding pen for fish is to be made in the form of a rectangular solid with a square base and open top. The base will be slate that costs $4 per square foot and the sides will be glass that costs $5 per square foot. If the volume of the tank must be 50 cubic feet, what dimensions will minimize the cost of construction?

The answer is 5 X 5 X 2, but I don't understand how to get that.

Assuming that length = x, width = x. height = h, these are the two equations I came up with:

(x^2)h = 50
SA = x^2 + 4xh

Am I doing this right?

  • Calculus - ,

    You are doing fine so far.

    For these kind of max/min questions, look for "something" which will be either maximized or minimized. What ever that "something" is , you will need an equation that says
    "something" = ......

    In this case I see, " .... what dimensions will minimize the cost of construction? "
    So in this case it is the COST

    cost = 4(x^2) + 5(4xh)
    = 4x^2 + 20xh

    but we know:
    x^2 h = 50
    so h = 50/x^2

    cost = 4x^2 + 20x(50/x^2)
    = 4x^2 + 1000/x

    now differentiate with respect to x
    d(cost)/dx= 8x - 1000/x^2
    = 0 for a min of cost

    8x = 1000/x^2
    8x^3 = 1000
    take cube root of both sides
    2x = 10
    x = 5
    then h = 50/5^2 = 2

    and there you have it!
    base is 5 by 5 , and the height is 2

  • Calculus - ,

    Thanks so much Reiny!

    I never thought of adding the cost to the equation, but now I know.

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