Posted by AAKa on Saturday, December 7, 2013 at 2:28am.
example of inelastic collision, where momentum before = momentum after, and simply calculate the difference in energy then!
hi enjoy, what is the use of radius here?
1/2 *[(m_1*m_2)/m_1+m_2)]*v_1^2
So Anonymous you got 964.29 N??
First, get all the variables:
m_1: The mass of the merry-go-round
m_2: The mass of the sledgehammer
v_1: The velocity of the merry-go-round before the collision
v_2: The velocity of the sledgehammer before the collision
v_1': The velocity of the merry-go-round after the collision
v_2': The velocity of the sledgehammer after the collision
Apply the conservation of momentum:
(m_1*v_1)+(m_2*v_2)=(m_1*v_1')+(m_2*v_2')
You know everything except for v_1', so you can solve the above equation for v_1'. Then look at the difference in kinetic energy before and after the collision:
((0.5*m_1*v_1^2)+(0.5*m_2*v_2^2))-((0.5*m_1*v_1'^2)+(0.5*m_2*v_2'^2))
The above is your answer.
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so the radius is not important???
and we'll have to consider v_1=0 and v_2'=0
First Calculate the KE of the sledge hammer.
2: Calculate the speed of the Merry-go-round (MGR) from m1.v1+m2.v2=m1.v1'+m2.v2'. Note: v2 and v1' are zero
3: Calculate angular KE of the MGR
4: Lost energy =1-3
So if you can't solve this then you should go to elementary school