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How many ways can you arrange the order of 4articles on a shelf?please explain why it is 4 x3x2x1,thanks

  • Math -

    Think of it as 4 spots to fill
    - you can fill the first spot with 4 different books
    - that leaves you with 3 books to place, and the 2nd spot can be filled with any of those 3 remaining books.
    - leaving you with 2 books, so the third spot can be filled with either of those 2 books
    - which leaves you with 1 book to place in the last spot
    Now, it becomes a multiplication, since for each of the first 4 placements I can repeat the last 3 routines, etc

    no it becomes 4x3x2x1 or 4! or 24

    reduce the problem to 3 books , and we list them.
    books A, B, C

    ABC - ACB
    BAC - BCA
    CAB - CBA ------> There are 6 of these, or 3x2x1

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