Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place.
When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig
Diameter of the pipe= 12 in.
Fluid leaving the pipe: P= 5 psig
Diameter of the pipe= 2.5 in.