Posted by **John Berkhamp** on Monday, July 22, 2013 at 2:09am.

The "random" numbers produced by computers aren't purely random. They are actually pseudo-random, meaning that they are produced by mathematical formulas that simulate randomness.The linear congruential generator takes a seed X0 and generates subsequent pseudo-random numbers using the formula:

Xn+1=(aXn+c) mod m

X1 is the first pseudo-random number generated, X2 is the second, and so on. Let R be the 2000th pseudo-random number generated by the linear congruential generator when X0=42, a=25, c=31, and m=2^20. What are the last three digits of R?

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