# maths

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The real numbers x and y satisfy the nonlinear system of equations
{2x2−6xy+2y2+43x+43yx2+y2+5x+5y==174,30.
Find the largest possible value of |xy

• maths -

The problem we have on hand is:
Maximize |xy|
subject to:
f(x,y)=0
where
f(x,y)=2y^2+43x^2y-6xy+5y+2x^2+48x-174.3

To solve the problem, we will solve for the extreme values of xy, and choose from the extreme values the largest value of |xy|.

To do this, we would use Lagrange multipliers:

Objective function,
Z(x,y)=xy+L(f(x,y))
constraint:
f(x,y)

Set up equations by equating the partial derivatives with respect to x, y and L (the Lagrange multiplier) to zero.0

Zx(x,y)=y+L(86xy-6y+4x+48) = 0
Zy(x,y)=x+L(4y+43x^2-6x+5) = 0
ZL(x,y)=2y^2+43x^2*y-6xy+5*y+2x^2+48x-174.3=0

We now need to solve the algebraic system for x and y by first eliminating L from the first two equations to get the following:
g(x,y)=x(86xy-6y+4x+48)-y(4y+43x^2-6x+5)=0
Together with
f(x)=2y^2+43x^2y-6xy+5y+2x^2+48x-174.3 = 0
we obtain an algebraic system from which we need to extract the real roots.
This can be obtained by using Newton's method (in two variables) with starting points (-0.8,4) and (0.6,5) by substituting trial integer values of y from 1-5.
The solutions are
(-0.8491, 4.2984) giving xy=-3.6500
and
(0.6472, 4.9170) giving xy=3.1821

So the largest possible value of |xy|=3.64997 (approximately)

It is possible that the solution be obtained analytically (not numerically) using some skilled manipulations.