Posted by keshav on .
Workers who wash windows or paint the outside of buildings use an interesting contraption known as a painter's lift. This consists of a harness that the worker wears suspended by a rope. The rope runs through a pulley mounted on the roof of the building and back down to hang beside the worker. The worker simply pulls down on the hanging rope to raise herself up, and releases it to lower herself down (tieing the hanging rope to her harness keeps her at a constant height). What's neat is that the configuration also makes it easier for the worker to move up and down than if she was just hanging by a single rope. Let F1 be the force the worker exerts on the hanging rope in the painter's lift configuration to move upward at a constant speed. Let F2 be the force the worker would need to exert on a single rope to move upward at a constant speed. What is F1/F2? You can assume the rope itself doesn't have any significant mass.
Details and assumptions
You may assume the rope is effectively massless.