posted by Kate on .
I have to replace
1- avez-vous eu DES CADEAUX pour votre anniversaire?
2- tu as des COURS DE FRANÇAIS tous les jours?
3-elles ont beaucoup D'AMIS au collége??
What are you supposed to replace? With what are you supposed to replace them?
Replace by what?
Replace the capitalized words with either, le,la,en,des..
Ohhh -- you need to replace each noun with a pronoun! Right?
We'll be glad to check your answers.
1- avez vous des eu
2- tu en as / des as?
3- elles des ont?
All the cases are direct objects, so you need to replace them by le/la or les (not "des")depending on whether the nouns you are replacing are in singular or plural, and masculine or feminine.
There is an extra caution in French is that the pronouns of direct objects do not stay at the same position as where the nouns were.
For example, if I say:
As-tu vu mon frère?
Mon frère, which is a direct object, would be replace by the pronoun le, but placed at the beginning of the question to give:
And if the direct object is feminine, such as
As-tu vu ma soeur?
Then you would write:
Notice that vu has been changed to "vue" because you are seeing a feminine person who is placed before the past participle, so "accord" is necessary.
Hope this gives an idea where you're heading.
If you have notes from your teacher, it would be wise to review them before your next attempt.
Here is more than you need at this time with single object pronouns, so may I suggest you keep it. Then, later when you get to more, you'll have it. Double Object Pronouns are more work and later you'll get to "y" and "en" but study the following. Ask any question you may have on this or what MathMate has so carefully explained. then try those 3 substitutions again, for they all need work!
FRENCH DIRECT OBJECTS:
If you had a good English class explaining "direct objects" you are half way there! I'm not sure if I should begin at the VERY beginning, or. . . . .
DIRECT OBJECTS in French:
me (m') = me
te (t') = you, familiar & singular
le (l') = him, it (masc. sing. object)
la (l') = her it (any fem. sing. object)
se (s') = himself, herself (these are reflexive pronouns which you probably have not had yet)
nous = us
vous = you, singular & formal or plural
les = them (people OR things)
se (s') = themselves (reflexive)
They go BEFORE the verb of which they are the direct object (except in affirmative commands) to PLAY SAFE, but
They go directly after the verb (in affirmative commands) and are linked to it by a hyphen (me and te change to MOI and TOI after the verb.)
In the negative imperative (command) the object pronouns are again in front of the verb.
When you get to indirect-object commands, let me know because some verbs that LOOK like they would take in indirect, do not. I won't explain that here because for the moment, you are only concerned with the d.o.
When you get to the past tense (passé composé) there is yet another thing to learn! One step at a time! You WILL get there!
Bonne chance = feel free to ask any other question you might have.
Je l'étudie. = I study it (or him or her)
Nous ne la voyons pas. - We do not see h er.
Elle va les finir. - She is going to finish them.
Ne l'a-t-il pas lu? Hasn't he read it?
NOTE: the verbs écouter (listen to), regarder (look at), chercher (look for), attendre (wait for) and demander (ask for) take a direct object in French (because the prepositions are part of the verb).
Je les écoute. - I'm listening to them.
On la cherche. - They are looking for her. (or it)
Finissez-le = Finish it.
Vendons-les. - Let's sell them.
Ne le finissez pas. - Don't finish it.
Ne les vendons pas. - Let's not sell them.
Digest that first and ask any questions you have about what you still don't understand.
Sra (aka Mme)
I'm "flagging" this so I can come back later to see what you have done.
Thanj u all
But what did you FINALLY write?
Sra (aka Mme)