Posted by **agora** on Thursday, May 2, 2013 at 5:41am.

Ship A is sailing due south at 25 km/hr. At the same time, a second ship B, 50km miles south of A, is sailing due east at 20 km/hr.

(a) at what rate are they approaching or separating at the end of one hour?

(b) At what rate are they approaching or separating at the end of two hours?

(c) When do they cease to approach each other and how far apart are they at that instant

- calculus -
**Steve**, Thursday, May 2, 2013 at 11:37am
Let B start at (0,0). Then the positions of the boats at time t are

A(t) = (0,50-25t)

B(t) = (20t,0)

and the distance d is thus

d^2 = (20t)^2 + (50-25t)^2

= 1025t^2 - 2500t + 2500

2d dd/dt = 2050t - 2500

At t=1, d ~= 32

64 dd/dt = 2050-2500

dd/dt = -7.03 km/hr

At t=2, d = 40

80 dd/dt = 4100-2500

dd/dt = +20

dd/dt=0 when t=1.22 so d = 31.23

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