# biology

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7. Imagine you have 2 chambers connected by a flexible, semipermeable membrane and completely filled with solutions - one chamber contains 50ml of a 50mM NaCl solution (A), and the other (B) contains 100 ml of a 100mM NaCl solution? If the membrane permits both water and NaCl to cross:
a) describe and explain which way the water and the Na+ and Cl- ions would flow?
b) describe and explain what the volumes and concentrations of the two compartments would be at equilibrium?
c) Describe and explain how the result would differ if the opening were permeable to water only?

• biology -

The concentration of NaCl in solution A is 50mL*(50mM)=250 moles of NaCl per mL

The concentration of NaCl in solution B is 100mL*(100mM)=1,000 moles of NaCl per mL

a) Describe and explain which way the water and the Na+ and Cl- ions would flow?
The ions would flow from solution B to solution A to establish an equal concentration gradient since the membrane is permeable to the ions. Since the membrane is also permeable to water, and there is more water on the B side, water would flow from B to A as well.

b) describe and explain what the volumes and concentrations of the two compartments would be at equilibrium?
The ions and the water concentrations would be equal on both sides of the membrane (i.e., the volumes would be the same as well as the concentrations of ions).

c) Describe and explain how the result would differ if the opening were permeable to water only?
Water would flow from the least concentrated side of the membrane (A) to more concentrated side (B) to establish an equal concentration gradient (i.e., equal mole to water ratios). This will result in A having a lesser volume then B to achieve an equal concentration gradient.

I hope this helps.

• biology -

I have a typo

The concentration of NaCl in solution A is 50mL*(50mM)=250 moles of NaCl TOTAL not per mL

The concentration of NaCl in solution B is 100mL*(100mM)=1,000 moles of NaCl TOTAL not per mL

• biology -

Also, the concentration of NaCl in solution B is 100mL*(100mM)=10,000 moles of NaCl TOTAL not 1,000 moles

• biology -

I totally screwed up on the calculations.

The concentration of NaCl in solution A is 50 x 10^-3L*(50mM)=0.250 moles of NaCl

The concentration of NaCl in solution B is 100 x10^-3L*(100mM)=10 moles of NaCl