Posted by bryan on Sunday, February 3, 2013 at 12:57pm.
A lighthouse is located on a small island 3 km away from the nearest point P on a straight shoreline and its light makes four revolutions per minute. How fast is the beam of light moving along the shoreline when it is 1 km from P?

Calculus  Damon, Sunday, February 3, 2013 at 1:15pm
A is angle in radians between perpendicular to shore at P (length 3 ) and light at shore (x which is 1 at start).
tan A = x/3
dA/dt = w = rad/sec = 4* 2 pi/60 = .419 rad/s
dx/dt = 3 d tan A /dt
dx/dt = (3/sec^2 A) dA/dt
dx/dt = 1.26 /sec^2 A = 1.26 cos^2 A
at x = 1, tan A = 1/3
so A = 18,43 deg
so cos A = .949
1.26 cos^2 A = 1.13 km/s

Calculus  H H Chau, Friday, August 22, 2014 at 4:14pm
Consider a right angled triangle,
tan(A)=x/3
cos(A)=3/sqrt(x^2+9)
sec^2(A)=(x^2+9)/3^2
dA/dt=4 rev/min = 2*pi/15 rad/s
Also,
x=3 tan(A)
dx/dt=3 sec^2(A) dA/dt
dx/dt=(x^2+9)/3 * 0.419
At x=1, dx/dt=1.396 km/s or 5027 km/hr.
The above attempt confused sec^2(A) with 1/sec^2(A), and 1/cos^2(A) with cos^2(A).
Answer This Question
Related Questions
 Calculus  A lighthouse is located on a small island 4 km away from the nearest ...
 Calculus 1  A lighthouse is located on a small island 4 km away from the ...
 Calculus  A lighthouse is located on a small island 4 km away from the nearest ...
 Calculus 1  Related Rates: A lighthouse is located on a small island 4 km away ...
 calculus  a revolving light is located at 5 km from a straight shoreline with a...
 Calc  A lighthouse is fixed 130 feet from a straight shoreline. A spotlight ...
 Calculus  A rotating beacon is located 1 kilometer off a straight shoreline. If...
 Calc  A rotating beacon is located 1 kilometer off a straight shoreline. If the...
 Calculus  Consider the illustration, which shows a rotating beam of light ...
 calculus  Consider the illustration, which shows a rotating beam of light ...
More Related Questions