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chem

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How many mL 0.1 M NaOH could you add to a buffer
formed from 0.1 moles NaHCOO and 0.1 moles HCOOH
without the pH going above 4.74?
Ka (formic acid = 1.8 x 10-4)

  • chem - ,

    0.1 mol = 100 millimoles.

    ........HCOOH + OH^- ==> HCOO^- + H2O
    I........100....0.........100
    add.............x..............
    C.....100-x....-x.........100+x
    4.74 = 3.74 + log (100+x)/(100-x)
    Solve for x = millimols OH to be added. I get approximately 82 millimols and
    M = millimols/mL, You know M and mmoles, solve for mL.
    Quite a large number when you think about it.

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