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Calculus

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The half life of a certain radioactive substance is 10 years. How long will it take for 18 gms of the substance to decay to 6 gms?
A. 6 ln 10 years
B. 10 ln 6 years
C. 10 (ln 3)/(ln 6) years
D. 18 ln 10 years
E. 10 (ln 3)/(ln 2) years

  • Calculus - ,

    .5 = e^-k(10)
    -.693 = -10 k
    k = .0693
    then
    6/18 = e^-.0693 t

    -1.0986 = - .0693 t
    t = 15.9 years

  • Calculus - ,

    I would solve

    18(1/2)^(t/10) = 6
    (1/2)^(t/10) = 1/3
    from the answers, my clue would be to take ln of both sides

  • Calculus - ,

    Thanks I think it would be E.10 (ln3)/(ln2) years
    Right?

  • Calculus - ,

    10 ln 3/ln 2 = 15.9 yes

  • Calculus - ,

    P = P(0)e^(kt)
    (1/2) = e^(10k)
    ln(1/2) = 10k
    k = (1/10)ln(1/2)

    ----------------

    6 = 18e^((1/10)ln(1/2)t)
    (1/3) = e^((1/10)ln(1/2)t)
    t = 10[ln(1/3)/ln(1/2)]
    t = 10[-ln(3)/-ln(2)]
    t = 10[ln(3)/ln(2)]

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