Wednesday

October 7, 2015
Posted by **Mary** on Saturday, January 19, 2013 at 7:30pm.

- Microeconomics -
**meme**, Friday, February 22, 2013 at 3:28amif you find out B. let me know

- Microeconomics -
**ANA**, Monday, September 28, 2015 at 3:52amADVANCED ANALYSIS Assume the following values for the figures below: Q1 = 20 bags. Q2 = 15 bags. Q3 = 27 bags. The market equilibrium price is $45 per bag. In Figure (a), the price at point a is $85 per bag. The price at point c is $5 per bag. The price at point d is $55 per bag, and the price at point e is $35 per bag. In Figure (b), the price at point f is $59 per bag. The price at point g is $31 per bag. Values for points a, b, and c are the same as in Figure (a). Apply the formula for the area of a triangle (Area = ½ × Base × Height) to answer the following questions.

- Microeconomics -
**ANA**, Monday, September 28, 2015 at 3:53amExplanation:

a. Total surplus is the area bounded by points a, b, and c. To calculate total surplus, we use the following formula for the area of a triangle: Area = ½ × Base × Height. The area between the demand curve and the supply curve for the quantity ranging from 0 to 20 is the total economic surplus. This is a triangle with a base (best read off the price axis) of $80, which is the price difference at Q = 0, or between points a and c, and a height of 20 (the number of units purchased in equilibrium). Using these values, we have a total surplus of (1/2) × $80 × 20 = $800.

The consumer surplus is the area between the demand curve and the equilibrium price line. Here we have a base of $40 (the price difference between the demand schedule price at Q = 0, which is $85, and the equilibrium price of $45). The height of the triangle is once again 20 (the number of units purchased in equilibrium). Using these values, we have a consumer surplus of (1/2) × 40 × 20 = $400.

b. Deadweight loss is the difference in total surplus between an efficient level of output Q1 and a reduced level of output at Q2. We can calculate this as the area of a triangle bounded by points bde. The base of this triangle is the difference in prices at points d and e, or $55 – $35 = $20. The height of this triangle is given by the difference in the restricted level of output of Q2 = 15 and the efficient level of output Q1 = 20, or 5 units. Thus, the area of this triangle (the deadweight loss) is equal to (1/2) × $20 × 5 = $50. The remaining total surplus can be found by subtracting the deadweight loss from the original (efficient) total surplus. This is $800 (maximum total surplus) – $50 (deadweight loss) = $750.

c. The deadweight loss from overproduction is the difference in total surplus between an efficient level of output Q1 and an additional level of output at Q3. We can calculate this as the area of a triangle bounded by points bfg. The base of this triangle is the difference in prices at points f and g, or $59 – $31 = $28. The height of this triangle is given by the difference in the additional level of output Q3 = 27 and the efficient level of output Q1 = 20, or 7 units. Thus, the area of this triangle (the deadweight loss) is equal to (1/2) × $28 × 7 = $98. The remaining total surplus can be found by subtracting the deadweight loss from the original total surplus. This is $800 (maximum total surplus) – $98 (deadweight loss) = $702. Note here that we maximize total (producer + consumer) surplus by producing the equilibrium quantity, but we lose surplus from overproduction (inefficient use of resources).