posted by RANDY on .
how do we derive the formula at=vf-vi if we will find acceleration? please have it step by step. Thank you
we do it the same way we figure the average speed. Divide the distance covered (∆s) by the time taken (∆t).
For acceleration, it's the same. The average acceleration is the change in speed (∆v = vf-vi) by the amount of time it takes to make the change (∆t).
a = ∆v/∆t
a*∆t = ∆v
if we start at t=0, then ∆t = t, the time taken:
at = ∆v = vf-vi
or, think about what constant acceleration means. Each second, the velocity changes by a fixed amount (the acceleration). So, after t seconds, the velocity has changed by at. But the amount changed is ∆v = vf-vi. SO,
at = vf-vi