Posted by Alison on .
A friend claims that the average length of trout caught in this lake is 19 inches. To test this claim we find that a sample of 13 trout has a mean length of 18.1 inches with a sample standard deviation of 3.3 inches. The population standard deviation is unknown. If you assume that the population mean is 19, find the standardized test statistic based on the sample.

Math 
PsyDAG,
Z = (mean1  mean2)/standard error (SE) of difference between means
SEdiff = √(SEmean1^2 + SEmean2^2)
SEm = SD/√n
If only one SD is provided, you can use just that to determine SEdiff.
Find table in the back of your statistics text labeled something like "areas under normal distribution" to find the proportion/probability related to the Z score.