Posted by MSJO on Thursday, December 13, 2012 at 5:23pm.
Convert 2.868g CO2 to g C.
2.868 x (atomic mass C/molar mass CO2)
Convert 1.567g H2O to g H (not H2).
1.567 x (2*atomic mass H/molar mass H2O)
mass O = 2.00 - mass C - mass H.
Convert g C, H, O to mols.
mols C, H, O, = grams/atomic mass.
Now find the ratio of the element to each other for the empirical formula.
The other part of the problem is to determine the molar mass.
delta T = Kf*m
Solve for m
m = mols/kg solvent
Solve for mol.
mols = grams/molar mass\
Solve for molar mass
Then empirical mass x n = molar mass
Solve for n, round to a whole number, and the molecular formula is
(empirical formula)_{n}\
Post your work if you get stuck.
Here's what I did so far
CO2 2.868 * (12.01/44.01)=.7826
H2O 1.567 * (2*1.008/18.016)=.1753
mass O =2.00-.7826-.1753= 1.0421
C= .7826/12.01= .0651
H= .1753/1.008= .1739
O= 1.0421/16.00= .0651
then i divided each number by .0651 and got 1:2.6:1
from here on i'm stuck finding the molar mass.
not sure what the constants are in
delta T=Kf*m
So far so good except you didn't finish the empirical formula. There are only whole numbers in empirical formulas. Your is 1:2.6:1(actually it is 1:2.67:1. The easiest way to get whole numbers is to try multiples; i.e., 2 x each gives 2:5.34:2. That doesn't do it so try 3. That gives 3:8.01:3. That looks good so we could round off to C3H8O3. The empirical mass for that is about 92.
delta T you have in the problem as 0.0894. Kf is 1.86. Solve for m = molality. I'll leave it with you to finish but I'll check back periodically if you need more assistance.
Thanks DrBob222!!
the help is much appreciated!