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September 18, 2014

September 18, 2014

Posted by **Anya** on Wednesday, December 12, 2012 at 10:57pm.

i dont even know where to start.

"Determine the equilibrium [F-] of the following solution with initial concentrations od [HF]= 1.296 M and [NaF] = 1,045 M (ka for HF is 6.6 * 10 ^ -4)

options are

a) 1.046

b) 0.251

c) 2.344

d) 8.2 * 10^-4

e) 5.3*10^-4

all i know is that HF is a weak acid

and

that HF dissociates into H+ and F-

:S

any help at all is appreciated!!

- chemistry - exam practice help!! -
**DrBob222**, Wednesday, December 12, 2012 at 11:33pmI assume the (NaF) = 1.045M and not 1,045M.

..........HF ==> H^+ + F^-

I........1.296...0......0

C.........-x.....x......x

E.......1.296-x...x.....x

.........NaF ==> Na^+ + F^-

I.......1.045.....0......0

C.....-1.045.....1.045..1.045

E........0......1.045..1.045

Ka for HF = (H^+)(F^-)/(HF)

(H^+) = x

(F^-) = x + 1.045

(HF) = 1.296-x

The easy of solving this is to substitute concns I've listed above, assume x + 1.045 = 1.045 and 1.296-x = 1.296; then solve for x in the Ka expression. When you obtain that, then total (F^-) = 1.045+x. If you want to do it up brown, set up the Ka expression and solve the quadratic equation.

- chemistry - exam practice help!! -
**Anya**, Thursday, December 13, 2012 at 12:21amthank you! and yes the 1,045 was a typo ,

but how did you know that the change row in the ice table for NaF under Na+ and F- were gonna be 1.045 ? wouldn't they be x as well ? that's just the only part that messes me up. :S

- chemistry - exam practice help!! -
**DrBob222**, Thursday, December 13, 2012 at 12:33amNaF is a salt, it is completely soluble in water, it is an ionic compound, and it is 100% ionized in aqueous solution. There is no unionized NaF left over as there is in HF, a weak acid and weak electrolyte.

- chemistry - exam practice help!! -
**Anya**, Thursday, December 13, 2012 at 12:42amwow, i don't know how i missed that connection before. of course, its simple. i must be getting too nervous for my test lol. Thank you so much for clearing that up for me!

- chemistry - exam practice help!! -
**DrBob222**, Thursday, December 13, 2012 at 12:46amIt's ok to get nervous; just don't thing crooked, think straight.

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