Posted by A. on Tuesday, December 4, 2012 at 4:40pm.
I'm doing a bunch of practice finals and I don't know how to approach this problem.
Find a vector a such that a is orthogonal to < 1, 5, 2 > and has length equal to 6.
If I want to find a vector that is orthogonal to <1,5,2>, I must take the cross product?

Math  Steve, Tuesday, December 4, 2012 at 4:52pm
that is one way. Pick any other vector, say <1,2,3> then the cross product is orthogonal to both vectors.
Then you wind up with some vector u. Take u/u*6 to get magnitude 6. 
Math  A., Tuesday, December 4, 2012 at 5:03pm
Wow I never thought of approaching it that way thanks it makes sense now!

Math  Reiny, Tuesday, December 4, 2012 at 5:14pm
You can take the crossproduct if you have two vectors, but you only have one
so how about this ...
let the vector be (a,b,c)
then we know that (a,b,c)dot(1,5,2) = 0
a + 5b + 2c = 0
pick any value for any variable,
e.g.
let b = 1 , c = 2
a  5 + 4 = 0
a = 1
so (1 , 1 , 2) is orthogonal to our given vector,
now we have to adjust its length to be 6
length of our new vector
= √(1 + 1 +4) = √6
so a unit vector in the direction of (1,1,2) is (1/√6, 1/√6, 2/√6)
= (√6/6, √6/6, 2√6/6)
so 6 times that unit vector
= (√6, √6, 2√6)
This answer is not unique, and there is an infinite number of solutions,
We could let two of the a,b,c be anything we wanted ,except all or two of them equal to zero
e.g. let b=0
then a + 2c = 0
a = 2c
let c = 1
then a = 2, b=0 ,c=1
our vector would be (2,0,1)
and (2,0,1)dot(1,5,2) = 2+0+2 = 0 , so it is orthogonal
length of (2,0,1) = √5
unit vector = (2√5 , 0 , 1/√5 ) = (2√5/5 , 0 , √5/5)
make it 6 units long ...
= (12√5/5 , 0 , 6√5/5) , another answer. 
Math  A., Tuesday, December 4, 2012 at 5:45pm
Thanks Reiny!!
I understand everything except for the part making the length equal to 6.
So I find a vector <1, 1, 2> orthogonal to <1, 5, 2>
Then find the unit vector u/lul and get (1/√6, 1/√6, 2/√6)
but how did you get (√6/6, √6/6, 2√6/6) as the final answer?