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A monatomic ideal gas expands from 1.00m^3 to 2.50m^3 st a constant pressure of 2.00x10^5 Pa. Find the change in the internal energy of the gas.

  • Physics -

    Internal energy is U=3•n•R•T/2 => chage in internal energy is ΔU=3•n•R•ΔT/2.
    From the ideal gas law PV=nRT =>
    n•R•ΔT=nR(T2-T1)=p2•V2 =p1•V1=p(V2-V1) =>
    ΔU=3•n•R•ΔT/2=3•p(V2-V1)/2=3•2•10⁵•(2.5-1)/2=4.5•10⁵ J

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