A ballistic pendulum consists of an arm of mass M and length L = 0.485 m. One end of the arm is pivoted so that the arm rotates freely in a vertical plane. Initially, the arm is motionless and hangs vertically from the pivot point. A projectile of the same mass M hits the lower end of the arm with a horizontal velocity of V = 2.17 m/s. The projectile remains stuck to the free end of the arm during their subsequent motion. Find the maximum angle to which the arm and attached mass will swing in each case:
a) The arm is treated as an ideal pendulum, with all of its mass concentrated as a point mass at the free end.