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March 3, 2015

Posted by **Garcia** on Thursday, November 1, 2012 at 9:05pm.

Assumptions:

1. The gas molecules from Caesar's last breath are now evenly dispersed in the atmosphere.

2. The atmosphere is 50 km thick, has an average temperature of 15 °C, and an average pressure of 0.20 atm.

3. The radius of the Earth is about 6400 km.

4. The volume of a single human breath is roughly 500 mL.

Perform the following calculations, reporting all answers to two significant figures.

Calculate the total volume of the atmosphere.

Calculate the total number of gas molecules in the atmosphere.

Calculate the number of gas molecules in Caesar's last breath (37°C and 1.0 atm).

What fraction of all air molecules came from Caesar's last breath?

About how many molecules from Caesar's last breath do you inhale each time you breathe?

- Chemisty -
**Ajai**, Thursday, November 1, 2012 at 9:09pmYour question is not correct . I cannot understand your question

- Chemisty -
**Garcia**, Thursday, November 1, 2012 at 9:15pmIt is not one question. It is a series of questions. First calculate the total volume of the atmosphere. Second calculate the total number of gas molecules in the atmosphere. Third calculate the number of gas molecules in Caesar's last breat. Fourth calculate what fraction of all air molecules came from Caesar's last breath. Lastly, calculate how many molecules from Caesar's last breath do you inhale each time you breathe.

- Chemisty -
**DrBob222**, Friday, November 2, 2012 at 12:21amPerhaps I can get you started.

Wouldn't the volume of the atmosphere+earth = (4/3)*pi*r^3. r would be radius of earth + thickness of atmosphere for total volume. Then determine volume of earth and subtract to obtain volume of the atmosphere.

- Chemisty -
**Garcia**, Friday, November 2, 2012 at 8:10pmI keep getting the answer to the volume of the atmosphere wrong. Are my calculations correct? Or what is my problem?

I calculate that the total volume of Earth + thickness of atmosphere is:

(4/3)*pi*(6450000 m)^3 = 1.124*10^21

I then calculate that the volume of the Earth is:

(4/3)*pi*(6400000 m)^3 = 1.098*10^21

Finally I subtract the volume of Earth from the total volume, which gives me that the volume of the atmosphere is 2.6*10^19

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