posted by KnowsNothing on .
When a polynomial is divided by (x+2), the remainder is -19. When the same polynomial is divided by (x-1), the remainder is 2. Determine the remainder when the polynomial is divided by (x-1)(x+2).
If p(x) is the polynomial, then you have:
p(x) = (x+2)q1(x) - 19
for some poynomial q1(x). You see that the remainder of -19 is the value of
p(x) at x = -2. We also have:
p(x) = (x-1)q2(x) + 2
Therefore p(1) = 2.
Then if you divide p(x) by (x-1) (x+2), the remainder will be a first degree polynomial, so we have:
p(x) = (x-1)(x+2)q3(x) + r(x)
Then if you put x = 1 in here and use that p(1) = 2, you find:
r(1) = 2
Putting x = -2 and using that
p(-2) = -19 yields:
r(-2) = -19
These two values of r(x) fix r(x) as
r(x) is of first degree. We have:
r(x) = (-19)/(-3) (x-1) + 2/3 (x+2) =
7 x - 5